i. the Global Gender Gap Report is


            Gender gap in providing employment: Even though there is a significant growth in the economy of India, the women of working age are still not equal contributors towards this growth to that of the men. An estimate by the Global Gender Gap Report is that India requires another 217 years to bridge this gap. Which is not a pretty figure and needs immediate attention.According to the World Economic Forum’s Global Gender Gap Index, India ranks 108, which is 10 notches lower than what it did in 2006, out of 144 Countries. The result also highlighted that on an average 66% of the female are deprived of their daily payment, in comparison to men, which is merely 12%.

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1Some of the major reasons can be, India is a land of customs and so-called higher ideologies, there are families that still do not see fit to allow their daughters and daughter-in-laws to work, or they have to leave their jobs in order to help in the household and raise a family. Which is one reason, a lot of companies even prefer hiring men over women2. Another reason being, that usually, it is the woman who is laid off, instead of the man, in a crisis scenario, because men are presumed to be more suitable for the job.       ii.            Gender gap in acquiring key positions: It refers to the wide gap between men and women who are successful in climbing to the top of the corporate ladder is huge. There is a huge pool of women in the middle of the ladder who find it difficult to reach the top and compete with men.

The World Economic Forum’s Global Gender Gap Index also showed that only 11.4% of the Publicly traded company had women as its board member, 10% of the firms had women as their top managers, and 12% as a co-owner. A major rationale behind this might be that the whole concept of woman being in charge is new, and people or mentors do not have the confidence to try something this unprecedented is risky and full of responsibilities, a risk that people usually avoid, taking the road most travelled on, which is putting a man in charge even if he is less deserving than the woman candidate, just because it is a safer option.    iii.            Gender Pay-gaps: The average disparity between the remuneration received by a man and a woman for the same job and with the same merits.In its Global Wage Report 2016-2017, International Labour Organisation, revealed some of the most disturbing figures, according to which, the Gender Pay gap in India exceeded 30%. Which is not just among the highest in comparison to the major Economies of the world, but also worrisome.

According to another survey done by Monster India, Monster Salary Index on Gender, 2016, it was found that, the Indian women earn 25% less than what the men do. While the median gross wage rate for a man was ?345.8, for women it was ?259.8.    iv.            Gender Stereotype: Gender stereotype means to be biased or generalizing the characteristics of a person based on gender. Even though the gap between men and women employee is reducing in the informal employment sector, there is still a dearth of women still exists in organised sector and in politics.The World Economic Forum’s Global Gender Gap Index draws attention to the fact that only 14.

7% of the R personnel are women, while mere 27.3% of the seats in the upper house are held by women. Women pursuing a career in a stereotypically male-dominated profession usually fall prey of discrimination, they believe that women do not possess the required skills for a certain kind of job that are reserved for men. Gender stereotype restricts the very opportunity of a woman to explore new fields and make a position for themselves, an impediment to their growth, and is one of the major hurdles in the path to achieving gender equality.      v.            Sexual harassment: Sexual harassment is one of the biggest challenges faced by the women of our nation, not only in the professional sector, but it is a general concern for the women throughout India. The brutal truth is that the country that believes in the culture of worshipping Goddesses and treating their woman as one, fails to protect the same woman form such heinous offences. Also, in our society, it is usually the women who are blamed for instigating the man and stigmatising them, not the other way round.

There are a lot of studies that say, that victims of sexual harassment suffer psychologically, leading to distress, trauma, depression, anxiety and many other issues.     vi.            Unsuitable workplace culture: Environment at the workplace not only impacts the morale of an employee, it also affects their dedication and productivity. Thus an unhealthy work environment, where a woman is usually looked derogatorily, or with lust is unacceptable.

An unsafe or unsuitable work environment is another reason, why some parents do not allow their daughters to work because they believe that it is the best way to protect them from any mishap.”The fundamental right to carry on any occupation, trade or profession depends on the availability of a ‘safe’ working environment”3 1 http://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/india-slips-21-slots-on-wef-global-gender-gap-index-behind-china-bangladesh/story-agXqcJzLzDlex49BBaimMM.html2  Air India vs Nargesh Mirza 1981 SCC  (4) 3353 Vishaka & Ors vs State Of Rajasthan & Ors 1997 (6) SCC 241 at 253


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