“How were necessity, sustainability, development and human rights.

“How can people living in more developed countries help people with the water management in lower developed countries?” IntroductionThe question named above was the result of thinking about multiple subjects. A few of these subjects were necessity, sustainability, development and human rights.

Necessity because we all need water, improvement in development in the lower developed countries and empathy for our fellow human beings, who don’t have the human rights that they should have. Realising that we can help, and how we can help. That is what I want to teach and to make other people aware of.My interest in this topic came after a few geography lessons last year.

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We discussed sustainability with as subtopic water hygiene in third world countries and the effects of those problems. My teacher was very convincing and also a bit enthusiastic, what had a contagious effect. Since then I’m really interested in water hygiene and sustainability, so that’s why it seemed obvious to me to do my engagement activity on a related subject. This is a very important political issue because of the great necessity.

We, people in high developed countries, never have to live in extreme thirst and for us, this is almost unimaginable. Sadly, in the greatest part of the world this is reality. People live in complete droughts and don’t have any water, or they have very unhygienic water to drink, that results in sicknesses and sometimes on the long term even death. These people need help, and they are not able to help themselves, so they need help from people form more developed countries, like us.

 We as an individual can help, but we will probably won’t get as much done as when a big organisation would help these people. That’s why I want to look into how for example a non-governmental organisation can help, and how non-governmental organisations are helping these people already.  Methodology For this project the planning was to contact SNV, a non-governmental organisation, who focusses on smart development works, aimed on three major subjects: agriculture, energy and water and sanitation and hygiene. I wanted to focus on the water, sanitation and hygiene part to answer my question and gain more knowledge on how to improve the lifestyles of the people who are in need of help. In my political engagement assignment I wanted to find the answer of my guiding question in as much detail as possible, and in this part the actual engagement will be described and how it all went. It was really hard to get contact in the first place with the company. Through connections I first had someone and we had a little bit of contact but when it really came down to business, it turned out that he didn’t know as much of the topic as I thought he would have. After a lot of tries and effort to get in contact with the non-governmental organisation, I found someone else but the contact wasn’t regular since she replied very, very slow on emails and phone calls.

This woman did manage an appointment for me with some other people, where they discussed the plans and progresses of a few of their projects. There I was allowed to join the presentation and to get a deeper perspective of what these people actually do, and have done already. Before the meeting the contact person mentioned the projects that they would discuss, so I could look into that before the meeting and that I was a bit prepared before going to the appointment. The projects they discussed were “Inspiring Water Entrepreneurship in Tigray region (iWET)”, “Sustainable approach to water service delivery” and “Increase acces to safe water and improved sanitation for the vulnerable communities in Mali.

” Analysis/SynthesisIn this research I want to look at a few different concepts. The first one is Human Rights. Human rights are the basic rights and entitlements which many argue one should be able to claim simply by being a person. There have been multiple conventions, declarations and resolutions concerning human rights, but it was first emphasised in the Universal Declaration on Human Rights in 1948. On 28 July 2010 the United Nations General Assembly explicitly recognised the human right to water and sanitation and acknowledged that clean drinking water and sanitation are essential to the realisation of all human rights. Since this is a legit human right and some people don’t have the facilities to claim their human right, we, as higher developed countries, should feel obligated to help since we’re the only ones that can help.Another concept is development. Development is an increase in the standard of living and wellbeing of a level of social organisation.

If we can help the lower developed countries with their water management, we’re helping them develop. If they have clean drinking water, they’re more healthy and in that way they can achieve more. When people are ill of their water, they can’t achieve much. Development is intertwined with the next concept. The core concept is sustainability, development should meet the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs.

This is connected to my research because I want to find ways for higher developed countries to help the people with the water management in lower developed countries. I also want to find a solution that’s also sustainable. This is because the generations that came after the industrial revolution only increased the global warming, we definitely don’t want to increase global warming with even more anthropogenic causes than that already exist. To help the world we need pay more attention to sustainability and that’s why it’s important to make the solution sustainable.Before I want to continue any further I want to give the statistics that relate to the topic of my research.Almost 900 million people lack access to safe water supplies More than 840000 people die each year from illnesses that relate to unclean water Almost 2 in 3 people who need safe drinking water survive on less than 2 dollars per day In a lot of developing countries, millions of women spend several hours a day collecting water from far places, this water is often polluted Every minute a child dies of a water-related disease Diarrhoea caused by polluted drinking water, bad sanitation and hand hygiene kills an estimated 842000 people a year, about 2300 per dayMore than 80% of sewage in developing countries is discharged untreated, polluting rivers, lakes and coastal areas By 2025, 1.8 billion people will be living in countries or regions with absolute water scarcity, and two-thirds of the world’s population could be living under water stressed conditions (unless we do something!) Western countries can help people who are in need of better water facilities because they often do have the resources to improve the water problems.

They can help by only donating money, but it’s could be more helpful if they create a whole solution for the people. Some examples are the Lifestraw, the Ceramic water filter and the Lifesack. The Lifestraw is a sustainable, cigar-shaped tube that clears the water of different diseases like typhoid, cholera, dysentery and diarrhoea, all before they reach your lips.  Another solution are the Ceramic Water Filters.

These water filters are made of clay and ceramic materials and clear the water from diseases, these materials make the product sustainable. These award winning filters were a huge improvement for the people in Cambodia, where the number of diarrheal diseases dropped by fifty percent. The last example I’ll give is the Lifesack. This Lifesack is made by three industrial  designers, and it’s a device that purifies water but it also doubles as a container for food supplies and it can be carried as a backpack. After the food has left the sack, the sack can be used as a water purifier.

The sack works on UV-radiation that kills the bacteria that carry the diseases, so this is also a sustainable product.  These are great examples of single inventions, but there are also a lot of political organisation busy with making progress in water hygiene management. A project that may sound familiar is the Millennium development goals project.

This is a project created by the United Nations  , a intergovernmental organisations. The project started in 2002 and its goal was to help the people in extreme poverty, to target the severe hunger and to minimise the diseases in third world countries before the end of 2015. The project contained eight different goals and in all of the goals there was improvement, in some more than others. The millennium development goals report states that global action works, and that the millennium development goals was a very good example of that and that they will follow with a new project called the “sustainable development goals.” (Wu Hongbo, 2015) Another organisation that works on sustainable development is the nongovernmental organisation SNV.

SNV is based in the Hague and I had the opportunity to join one of their presentations. This NGO focusses on smart development works, aimed on three major topics: agriculture, energy and water, sanitation and hygiene. (Bibliographywww.ohchr.org www.un.org www.snv.org My Global politics book https://www.dosomething.org/us/facts/11-facts-about-water-developing-world


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