How to Apply for dependent visa

How to Apply for dependent visa (Q or S visa)

Since September 1st 2013, China has introduced family reunion or dependent visa to allow family members to join their relatives who are based there. In this article, we will introduce the different types of dependent visa, the list of documents required to obtain a dependent visa.

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1) Types of dependent visas

The dependent visa is called Q or S based on the nationality/residency status of the inviter and can be divided into 4 sub-categories based on the intended length of stay:

Visa Type Intended audience Duration of stay
Q1 Foreigners who are family members (1) of Chinese citizens or of foreigners with Chinese permanent residence and intend to go to China for family reunion. Exceeds 180 days
Q2 Foreigners who are relatives of Chinese citizens or of foreigners with Chinese permanent residence and intend to go to China for family reunion. No more than 180 days
S1 Foreigners who are immediate family members (2) of foreigners working or studying in China. Exceeds 180 days
S2 Foreigners who are family members (1) of foreigners working or studying in China. No more than 180 days

(1): “Family members” refers to spouses, parents, sons, daughters, spouses of sons or daughters, brothers, sisters, grandparents, grandsons, granddaughters and parents-in-law.
(2): “Immediate family members” refers to spouses, parents, sons or daughters under the age of 18 or parents-in-law

Note: Please note that holders of Q1 or S1 visa should apply for residence permit within 30 days from the date of entry to China. Q2 and S2 visa holders are exempt.
2) Documents checklist per type of visa

Please make sure to check with the Chinese embassy in your home country for a specific list of documents as the requirements vary from one country to another so the list provided here is a general checklist.

With that being said, the list of documents is as follows:
2-1) Q Visa (Q1 or Q2)
– An invitation letter issued by the Chinese inviter or the foreign inviter who holds a Chinese permanent residence permit.
The invitation letter should contain:
a) Information on the applicant (full name, gender, date of birth, passport number)
b) Information on the visit (purpose of visit, intended arrival date, place(s) of intended residence, intended duration of residence, relations between the applicant and the inviting individual, financial source for expenditures)
c) Information on the inviting individual (name, contact telephone number, address, official stamp, signature of legal representative or the inviting individual, etc.)
– Photocopy of Chinese ID of the inviting individual or foreign passport and permanent residence permit.
– Original and photocopy of certification (marriage certificate, birth certificate, certification of kinship issued by Public Security Bureau or notarized certification of kinship) showing the relationship of family members between applicant and inviting individual.
2-2) S Visa (S1 or S2)
– An invitation letter from the inviting foreigner who stays or resides in China for work or studies) which contains:
a) Information on the applicant (full name, gender, date of birth, etc.)
b) Information on the visit (purpose of visit, arrival and departure dates, place of intended residence, relations between the applicant and the inviting individual, financial source for expenditures, etc.)
c) Information on the inviting individual (name, contact telephone number, address, signature, etc.)
– A photocopy of the inviting individual’s passport and residence permit
– Original and photocopy of certification (marriage certificate, birth certificate, certification of kinship issued by Public Security Bureau or notarized certification of kinship) showing the relationship of family members between applicant and inviting individual.

How to Apply for dependent visa (Q or S visa)

Since September 1st 2013, China has introduced family reunion or dependent visa to allow family members to join their relatives who are based there. In this article, we will introduce the different types of dependent visa, the list of documents required to obtain a dependent visa.

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For You For Only $13.90/page!


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1) Types of dependent visas

The dependent visa is called Q or S based on the nationality/residency status of the inviter and can be divided into 4 sub-categories based on the intended length of stay:

Visa Type Intended audience Duration of stay
Q1 Foreigners who are family members (1) of Chinese citizens or of foreigners with Chinese permanent residence and intend to go to China for family reunion. Exceeds 180 days
Q2 Foreigners who are relatives of Chinese citizens or of foreigners with Chinese permanent residence and intend to go to China for family reunion. No more than 180 days
S1 Foreigners who are immediate family members (2) of foreigners working or studying in China. Exceeds 180 days
S2 Foreigners who are family members (1) of foreigners working or studying in China. No more than 180 days

(1): “Family members” refers to spouses, parents, sons, daughters, spouses of sons or daughters, brothers, sisters, grandparents, grandsons, granddaughters and parents-in-law.
(2): “Immediate family members” refers to spouses, parents, sons or daughters under the age of 18 or parents-in-law

Note: Please note that holders of Q1 or S1 visa should apply for residence permit within 30 days from the date of entry to China. Q2 and S2 visa holders are exempt.
2) Documents checklist per type of visa

Please make sure to check with the Chinese embassy in your home country for a specific list of documents as the requirements vary from one country to another so the list provided here is a general checklist.

With that being said, the list of documents is as follows:
2-1) Q Visa (Q1 or Q2)
– An invitation letter issued by the Chinese inviter or the foreign inviter who holds a Chinese permanent residence permit.
The invitation letter should contain:
a) Information on the applicant (full name, gender, date of birth, passport number)
b) Information on the visit (purpose of visit, intended arrival date, place(s) of intended residence, intended duration of residence, relations between the applicant and the inviting individual, financial source for expenditures)
c) Information on the inviting individual (name, contact telephone number, address, official stamp, signature of legal representative or the inviting individual, etc.)
– Photocopy of Chinese ID of the inviting individual or foreign passport and permanent residence permit.
– Original and photocopy of certification (marriage certificate, birth certificate, certification of kinship issued by Public Security Bureau or notarized certification of kinship) showing the relationship of family members between applicant and inviting individual.
2-2) S Visa (S1 or S2)
– An invitation letter from the inviting foreigner who stays or resides in China for work or studies) which contains:
a) Information on the applicant (full name, gender, date of birth, etc.)
b) Information on the visit (purpose of visit, arrival and departure dates, place of intended residence, relations between the applicant and the inviting individual, financial source for expenditures, etc.)
c) Information on the inviting individual (name, contact telephone number, address, signature, etc.)
– A photocopy of the inviting individual’s passport and residence permit
– Original and photocopy of certification (marriage certificate, birth certificate, certification of kinship issued by Public Security Bureau or notarized certification of kinship) showing the relationship of family members between applicant and inviting individual.

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