Housing and Sustainability Assignment1 IntroductionThe CS40 was applied in 2009 and it was set out to contribute towards affordablehousing in Sheffield, this meant that all new housing developments have tocontribute a certain percentage towards affordable housing, where it is financiallyviable. The CS40 is applied by the Sheffield City Council when a new housingdevelopment exceeds a capacity of 15 or more dwellings or rather if it was forstudent housing it would be 60 or more student beds.(cs40 Affordable Housing , 2017)The need of affordable housing withinSheffield is at a peak as many people today can’t afford to buy their own home,the Sheffield city council has noticed this and therefore they have identifiedthe need to increase the amount of affordable housing in Sheffield. In 2013 itwas identified that there is a need for around 725 units in Sheffield to be eitherturned into affordable housing or to build affordable housing in Sheffield peryear for the next 10 years till 2023. It was identified that around 350 dwellingsare to be provided through the national housing program.
The key aims of thisstrategy are to increase the supply of homes in the city and make better use ofthe city’s existing stock and help younger, older and vulnerable people to liveindependently. (Housing strategy performance indicators, 2013) (Housing Strategy, 2013) By 2037 Sheffield is expected to havepopulation of around 633,200, Sheffield’s current population is around 575,400,this means Sheffield City Council has to make sure that it has the supply ofaffordable housing, as currently there isn’t enough supply for the demand. (Housing Strategy, 2013) Evaluation It could be questioned whether thepolicy is effective, as one of the fundamental goals is to contribute towards affordablehousing in Sheffield, however onlycertain parts of Sheffield are expected to contribute towards affordable housing.These areas include city centre west, north west, south east, Stocksbridge andDeepcar, Chapletown/Ecclesfiled and Rural Upper Don Valley. These areas areexpected to contribute 10 % towards affordable housing. In contrast, the southand south west have to contribute 30% to affordable housing whereas places suchas the City Centre, north east, east and Manor/Arbourthoure/Gleadless all areexpected to contribute 0% towards affordable housing. The reason behind whydifferent areas contribute more than others is because developers will have to contributemore as these areas are more expensive and usually contain greenbelt sights wherethe land is more desirable as they can be more creative and flexible with newdevelopment. But to avoid developers building on these types of areas they makeit so that developers pay 0% towards affordable housing in places such as thecity centre to help developers make a better profit when developing and avoidusing green belt land.
(Affordable Housing, 2017) (Affordable Housing, 2017) The strengths to this strategy arethat it reduces the amount of developers developing on greenbelt land asdeveloping in the city is a more profitable alternative, this protects the environmentand it helps developers within the city make more of a profit than developingelsewhere rather than rural area. But however, there are also many weaknessesto this strategy, for example there clearly isn’t enough supply and spacewithin the city for developers to be flexible with creations within these areasso developers have no choice but to develop elsewhere such as areas in thesouth of Sheffield where it is more expensive and they might use rural land whichwould ruin Sheffield landscape if they get permission to use the greenbelt land.To improve this policy Sheffield council should consider trying to get even asmall percentage of contribution from the areas that currently don’t contributeas this will help produces more affordable homes in the future. Sheffield couldalso demolish older abandon properties to make room for new ones, which would increasethe space of availability for affordable homes.
Environmental Although some developers are wantingto build on Sheffield’s green belt for their housing developments, Sheffield Councilwill only use it as a last resort. The policy relates to and supportssustainable developments as the Sheffield Council makes developers try to usepreviously developed land such as brownfield land before they use any greenbeltland. This helps Sheffield be more sustainable as they are using previous developedland and helps not to breach on any greenfield land. (Reed, 2015) A member from Sheffield City Councilwho specialise in development said :”We absolutely do not want to build on the greenbelt and we are determined that we are going to maximise building on brownfieldland. (Reed, 2015) “Ninety five percent of all the sites we are looking at over the housing we can accommodate is brownfieldland.” (Reed, 2015) However the weakness tothis is that it might be sustainable for Sheffield by using already existingland but the problem with this is that the land might be contaminated from theprevious development and therefore this could cost developers more money ifthey have to deal with any contaminations to the land or it could put them offdeveloping all together. This also give developers limited freedom whendeveloping as the land might not for fill the developers needs and want for thesite. (Reed, 2015) In a case of Sheffield councilvs Avent Homes, Sheffield Council gave them permission to build 88 homes on theformer brownfield site called the Dyson factory.
The amount of money that Aventhomes had to contribute towards affordable housing was £1.8 million, this madethe development unviable for Avent homes and the development fell through dueto cost being to high and to risky for the developer. (Marshall, 2016)(Marshall, 2016) As you can see in thiscase although Sheffield city council is trying to make the best use of its brownfieldslands and get a contribution towards affordable housing, this is clearly aweakness in the scheme as it isn’t finically viable for some developer’s due tocost and this therefore could put off other developers and this could affectthe economic growth that Sheffield potentially has by missing out on theseopportunities of development.
(Marshall, 2016) In 2013 the Sheffield city councils targetwas to build or develop 725 affordable houses each year, however in 2015 only479new affordable houses had been built and in other previous years that of2012 only 268 affordable homes were built. (Housing strategy performance indicators, 2013) (Housing Strategy, 2013) (Sheffield Strategic Housing Market Assment, 2013) As part of the policy developers are expectedto contribute between 30-40% to affordable housing on sites that are 15 or moredwelling but however this has not been the case for some developments as thepolicy has been relaxed as developers have been negotiating a much lower percentagetowards affordable homes. This is a disadvantage to Sheffield’s affordablehousing policy as currently they are failing to meet the expected target ofdeveloping 725 new affordable homes per year and if developers continue tonegotiate a lower percentage towards affordable housing, then they will neverbe successful of reaching there set goal by 2023. (Sheffield Strategic Housing Market Assment, 2013) The policy needs work as it relays on themarket conditions for developers because they will contribution less towardsaffordable housing therefore, the policy isn’t that good in terms of collectingmoney as it is quite poor because if the market conditions aren’t right thenthey will get less money contributing towards affordable housing.
(Sheffield Strategic Housing Market Assment, 2013) Economic This policy is having an effect on theeconomic side of affordable housing and the economy of Sheffield, as Sheffieldis developing many new houses it is attracting many new businesses andinvestors and as a direct result of this it is creating employment especiallyin the building industry. Just recently Sheffield city council has kick starteda project to build 850 new homes which has brought £18million to localbusinesses as well as 200 hundred new jobs. In 2015 Sheffield started to chargeCIL on new developments this is another policy that makes developers contributeto the surrounding infrastructure of the surrounding area such as any openspace areas. (Nearly 1,000 new homes to be built in sheffield , 2017) With all these new homes added thedeveloper will also have to contribute towards this policy which will benefit thelocal community. As a result, the policy is clearly benefiting Sheffield as ahole as building 850 new homes in Sheffield gives people more choice and givesa verity of different sized homes to choose from and its improving communitiesand undeveloped part of the city as this CIL policy makes developers contributeto the surrounding areas. (Nearly 1,000 new homes to be built in sheffield , 2017) Social wellbeingThe policy has affected the social wellbeingof the people with in Sheffield as people in their current homes feel as ifthey need to moves as their current homes don’t meet there requirements andneeds such as more bedrooms. One impact that is policy is having an impact onis the quality of life, these new affordable housing developments are makingpeople want to move within the next 5 years to improve the quality of their lifes. 12% of all households are wanting tomove in the next 5 years say it is due to the conditions of their currentproperty this could be due to the fact that the property is old.
(Sheffield Strategic Housing Market Assment, 2013) A house hold survey (Sheffield Strategic Housing Market Assment, 2013)had asked for reasonswhy they think their current property is inadequate, the main issues that therespondents said was due to repairs and improvements and the fact that it istoo small as well as being too costly to heat. From this survey, some housesare clearly not energy efficient and sustainable as it is costing household toomuch money to heat a house and therefore this is one reason why the policy issupporting new affordable housing being made. (Sheffield Strategic Housing Market Assment, 2013) (Sheffield Strategic Housing Market Assment, 2013) To improve on the policy, the qualityof the finish of these homes shouldn’t be lowered and that means that energyefficient standard should be maintained, which could result in less energy isbeing used and therefore saves money and it makes people have a better qualityof life.
as many new affordable homes have been built Sheffield Council willneed make sure that there is transport and facility available to the new communitiesthis would benefit people’s quality of life if they had access to transportsuch as trams or busses. Conclusion To conclude, Sheffield City Council iscurrently not meeting their target to deliver the demand for affordable housing(725units per year) and is unlikely to achieve their target for the next few years .By analysing the policy overall when a new development exceeds 15 or more thandwellings they required to contribute towards affordable housing, Sheffieldcouncil could potentially decrease this number so therefore they get more new developmentscontributing towards affordable housing. Sheffield city council should also consideran increase the on percentage where new developments in places like Manor arecontributing, having just a 5% increase would increase the contribution toaffordable housing significantly. This policy needs more waysor increases to collect money for affordable housing because currently thispolicy is not getting the funds for afforable housing and it is resulting withnot being able to meet the target. Sheffiled city council needs to make surethat all new deveolpent have acces to transport otherwise communites will besecluded from the the rest of the city.
Finally sheffiled city council has toprovide these new homes that suit peoples needs as one of the biggest problemsright now is over crowding in homes, they need to make sure that when buildingsustaible homes they provide enough bedrooms and have a virity of choice ofaffordable housing.