HonorableChairs, fellow delegates, and members of the United Nations, the delegate ofIran expresses her gratitude for giving the opportunity to participate in thisconference and she strongly recommends UNSC to discuss upon the issue of Syrianrefugees regarding the agenda item A. Beingone of the crucial issues in the world, Syria has been in a state of civil warsince 2011. It began as a pro-democracy protest against the authoritarianregime and is still ongoing. The conflict between the dictatorial regime ofBashar al-Assad and the anti-governmental forces. The Assad regime which isShia receive support from states of Shia such as Iran, Hezbollah in Lebanon,Iraq, Afghanistan, Yemen, et cetera. As in Assad regime, the anti-governmentalforces which is Sunni are reversely supported by states of Sunni such as SaudiArabia, Turkey, Qatar and more.
However, viewed from wider perspective, itgradually turned into a sectarian battle between the Islamic ShI’ites andSunnis, contrary to its original purpose. Moreover, the fact that Russia andU.S. government which claim to be seeking global peace but actually pursuingtheir benefits and a new terrorist organization called IS is entering the warbased on their interests has made the war having the character of a complexinternational proxy war. In fact,while big parties are conflicting, the most damaging in this war are as always,innocent civillians and kids. Namely, as the war proceeds, more people aresuffering from those agonies. Since the delegates are assembled to deal withthe problem in this conference, this delegate believes that the United NationSecurity Council should debate upon Syrian war and refugees. And lots ofcoutries do try to solve Syrian refugee problem.
The mostpopular religion in the Islamic Republic of Iran is Islam, particularly Shiafor 89%, Sunni 10% and other religions 1%. However, in the case of Syria, themost popular religion is Sunni for 74% and minority including main governmentand powerful upper class is Shia. This indicates that Iran is supporting onlyShia and is a huge rival of Gulf states which support the rebels, most ofordinary citizens in Syria. Therefore, Iran is strongly hostile against any andall pro-democratic activities and firmly excludes any single refugee fromSyria. Although Iran’s supporting scale to Shia and hatredamong Sunni is extremely massive, this delegate is eager to participate insolving the problems to some degree regarding the issues through discussionwith diverse countries. The IslamicRepublic of Iran believes that it is now time to specifically take a stepfurther from the point where the committee solely asserts not having a biasedeye toward foreigner just in words. A xenophobia attitude is an outdated andinappropriate behavior in global society. The refugees typically prefer toasylum to Europe for the reason of far distance and security.
Unfortunately,the returning result is frequent threat or occurrence of terror from those whoopposes Syrian Sunni. The most menacingly, IS. But in a time like this, thetight cohesion between refugees and the embracing societies is completely necessary,never being separate just like water and oil. This delegate expects to achievefirstly, by educating several nations, this committee could pursue the goal ofharmony and eventually agreement and reconciliation between two denominationsof Islam. Thedelegate would like to offer another solution of establishing proper fundingprogramme for refugees. The moment has come to take profound actions by raisingautonomous fund from each country.
Of course, the main is European society andthey are surely responsible for take care of refugees both physically andeconomically. However, since the world is being integrated day by day, thisdelegate believes the financial responsibility is reponsible for majoritycountries of international society. Therefore, it would be efficient to foundan office in the UN that works specifically for raising fund in certain areas.By operating these and gathering activity results from every office,availability of gauging the world situation is further expected. UNSC hasthe responsibility and the obligation to secure the world from severaldangerous factors. Now, the moment to react one of the most hazardous event inthe world, war.
The Islamic Republic of Iran wishes that UNSC make the rightactive decisions that could give relief to the world including Syrian refugeessuffering from the fear of constant Syrian civil war.