Hinduism classes and stages but they speak

Hinduism and Jainism are twodifferent religions in the world that come from the same tree of Indianreligion. They have many similarities or ideas but their practices and actsdiffer greatly.Many religions have a startingpoint or a particular founder that begun the tradition but Hinduism has nofounder. They believe in the principles of universal acceptance and this isknown as Dharma or inherent order of the universe. “According to the Hinduism,people must strive to achieve the four ends of human life while living in themortal world. And they are: Dharma (righteousness), Artha (Material wealth),Kama (Sensual pleasure), and Moksha (liberation)” (Kishor, 2011).

There arethree main gods in Hinduism and they are, Braham, Vishnu and Shiva. Brahma isthe creator of the universe and its creatures while Vishnu is the god whopreserves the creation and Shiva is the destroyer (Dr. Cook slides, 2017).Though they seem to be 3 different gods, Hindus will say that they are all oneGod just in 3 different forms.

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In contrast, Jainism has spiritual teachers orford makers called Tirthankaras which aid other Jains to reach enlightenment butand it was said that the founder of the religion was the 24thTirthankara known as Mahavira. The basic concepts of Jainism can be explainedin three major principles. And they are: Ahimsa (non-violence), Anekanta(non-absolution) and Aprigraha (non-possession). “Jainism as compared toHinduism does not speak about the division of human beings into various classesand stages but they speak about the virtue of non-possession which is consideredas a virtue that every human being must possess. This virtue is seen as acomplementary virtue of non-violence. Jainism also demands that man should livewith no attachment whatsoever to worldly and material things” (Kishor, 2011). Reincarnation is the belief that,when a person dies, his or her soul comes back to earth in another body or formdepending on their actions in their previous life. Both Hinduism and Jainism believestrongly in reincarnation.

According to the Jains, reincarnation which is alsoknown as karma is seen as something with clings on to a soul as a result of itsactivities therefore making it impure and heavy. They believe that killing ortaking the life of something is the highest amount of bad karma and one’s karmadetermines what he or she is going to be in the next life. “That is if you havelow karma you may come back as a god and those with high karma may be beast orgo to hell while those with very pure souls (no karma at all) remain withexternal liberated souls remain in external bliss” (Mugambi, 1990). They alsobelive that the soul goes through 14 stages before being reincarnated known asGunasthanas. “In Hinduism, a soul will reincarnate again and again on earthuntil it becomes perfect to reunite with its source”(“The Belief ofReincarnation of Soul in Hinduism,” n.

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