Heritage assets are different from general accounting assets.This can be proved by the definition of heritage assets byUK Accounting Standards Board (ASB) at Financial Reporting Standard (FRS) 30 (ASB,2009, p.2) where inheritance assets are normallysolid advantage which has a special criteria with recorded, creative, logical, mechanical, geophysical or ecological characteristics which should be keep in indicated position and keep up basically for its commitment to knowledge and culture. Whereas accounting assets had been defined asset as a resource that are controlled by an association which have impact or result from past occasions, and anticipated that future monetary advantages would stream to the element (Australian Accounting Standard AASB 138.8, 2015). So, actual meaning was altered recently had incorporate non-physical property to heritage assest so that heritage assets will fit into the accounting asset. The benefits indicate inheritance property was in order add value especially for understanding together with tradition, which allow people to appreciate value indicate the heritage use rather than the cash flows (Accounting Standards Board, 2007). For example, the building of the Sydney Opera House was used to perform their art culture to maintain their culture legacy and the seawater from the harbour which will power up both the cooling and heating of the building which make that place as a famour tourist spot. The Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park landscape of the park allows multiple activities to be taken in place and the park had been shaped by its own from the past and form a beautiful and attractive waterfall too. Besides that, Great Wall of China and it plays an important role as a for security inidicate country and people. In addition, Taj Mahal was one of the greatest monuments with eternal love and India’s greatest asset that had been preserved well by the governement because of the art, architecture and the creativity of shahjahan to build the building besides the the changes of hue of the tomb according to the changes of climate had make the innovation much observable and impressive. The unique characteristics of Sydney Opera House, Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park, Great Wall of China as well as Taj Mahal had competent into common financial accounts defnition for property as the characteristic of heritage asset are a monuments must have a long lives. Monuments must be unique or irreplaceable. They must preserve from donation because they cannot be sold as the legal restriction and sometimes inalienable .Carnegie along with Wolnizer (1995, 1996) wrangle, inheritance property sought wasn’t organized in opposition to accountability besides should not be regarded as monetary phrase. So, the unique attribute of heritage assets are public’s responsibility to keep up because the essential difficulties as acknowledgment by inheritance property explained more via Barton (2000, p.231) the person that gives support to administration will be responsible for protecting and preserve them for present and future generations. This heritage asset ought not be incorporated into the administration’s individual asset declaration together with liability.
The valuation of asset in accounting is commonly received to most strikingly verifiable cost, substitution cost, reasonable esteem and incentive being used however they have specific issues when identified with heritage asset. This is because often heritage cost are unavailable, irreplaceable, unique and the income approach where the asset where available for cultural, education or social benefits.The economic value will not affect the cultural value but in some circumstances it might affect the cultural value.According to the act of Localism Act 2011, the local authorities exchange proprietorship and obligation regarding the ineritance asset of group associations (English Heritage, 2012). This is because based on Prince’s Regeneration Trust (2014) the lacked of resources to maintain the heritage asset and resource that has a positive financial esteem had influence the chambers to recapture the market to cost for such deals which will affect the cultural value by selling its most valuable asset. So, cultural value will not be affected if the economic value are reasonable and had a positive value for the asset for instance by collecting entrance fees at the heritage buildings. Besides that, we can also have many other activites to collect funds to develop the buildings and maintain the architecture. For example, they are many cultural opportunities at the Sydney Opera House which encourage people to know about the culture besides contribute to the economic value. Beisdes that, the national park in Uluru-Kata Tjuta has two properties which has exceptional regular qualities along with extraordinary social qualities. It can be proved by the landscape of the park which allows multiple activities to be taken in place. In addition the Great Wall of China has a the defence techniques and adaptation also can be explained by the construction architectural.Whereas the Taj Mahal was build using the imported stones specially so that his building will have a value but after the damaged made by the British army some of the stones had ripped at the monuments. This will definitely cost a huge value for the rebuilding of the construction. So, the funds collected by the people will definitely benefits the economic value and conserve social esteem. Besides that, estimating financial estimation by inheritance resource will also influence social esteem in some cases because the price otherwise trade capitalization in accounting will most certainly not viewed as reasonable intermediaries for social esteem. This is because the unexpected valuation of thinks about have begun connected the social inheritance (Mouato with Mazzanti,2002) which means that it is logical that measuring social estimation by inheritance resource, for example, art of service might affect the financial esteem since they have a inverse relationship where expanding the exactness of one may influence the other. When there is more noteworthy, exactness of a specified event can be evaluated which can be a monetary system, accuracy had been less to accomplish the deciding other event which can be social esteem.