In the past years the humanitarian reliefsystem has responded to thousands of natural disasters and complex emergenciesand they have helped hundreds of people around the world, due to this the humanitarianneeds are predicted to rise. In the pastdecade the regularity and severity of natural disasters has increased so hasthe population, urbanization, and other global trends. A strategy to reducethis increase is the economic growth of countries that are most likely to beaffected by these disasters, making it easier for them to prepare adequately andreduce their vulnerability to the impact of sudden shocks.
In 2005, a coordination mechanism known ascluster approach was implemented by the United Nations, it was as an attempt toincrease coordination between humanitarian actors and improve consistency ofhumanitarian response. Despite this, there were still various challengesassociated with this advance. Humanitarianneeds were persistently growing, while funding was unable to keep pace withthat growth. In 1999, the Kosovo crisis had forced theSpanish government to pay much more attention to humanitarian assistance. Regardlessof increased funding, the Spanish NGOs (Non-Government Organization) continueto be relatively weak compared with those of other neighbouring Europeancountries. Many depend on government funding and private donations to specificcrises’, this makes Spain vulnerable in times of need.
Spain demonstrates abilityfor a humanitarian response, and an increasing presence in UN military forces.In 1999, Spain donated to $3.15m to UNHCR, making it the sixteenth largestdonor, and also contributed $1.68m to WFP,becoming the nineteenth largest contribution. Spain promotes the reinforcement of disasterreadiness activities at all levels, specifically in hazard-prone areas. Spain acknowledges the dire need to increasefunding and cooperation for disaster risk reduction activities, includingdisaster preparedness and therefore encourages the United Nations and otherrelevant humanitarian and development actors to help in this matter.
Taking part in humanitarian missions isactually quite expensive for budgets of many countries but we cannot stay awayfrom the world crises if we are able to help. Lately the number of humanitarianproblems is rising and we need to find a new way of solving them. Spainbelieves that we need not only to react on the humanitarian crises but try toprevent their appearance and to control safety in the world. As such Spain looksforward in making our humanitarian assistance and coordination system moreeffective.