Hegel was born in 1770, inStuttgart, a city in the south of Germany. He is known as a famous modernprofessional philosopher. The influence of his ideas, his philosophy and hisworks are still profound and studied. Throughout his philosophical workinglife, the ideas of Freedom, Reason and Progress always inspired him.
However,at some points, his ideas are famously hard to be understood fully and rightly,for example, the notion of “God” in his works. In Hegel’s thinking, which isknown as the matured thinking, the notion of “God” is the expression of therational truths. He also mentioned the notions of Reason or Mind as equal to”God”. So, what does the notion of “God” really mean and why does Hegel choosethe notion of “God”. This paper will look deeply into his philosophy tounderstand his idea of “God” and how the idea affects the freedom in history. I. Literature review 1.
Thecontradictory philosophies to Hegel When Kant, (1724 – 1804)demonstrated the moral theory, his argument against the ontological proof ofGod. In his philosophy, he supported neither the existence nor non-existence ofGod. According to him, the concept of God does not prove the existence of God.The existence cannot be predicted, its actuality can be only a rationalphilosophy presupposition.
The existence can only be proved only if that Beingreveals itself. The Supreme Being’s existing is out of the intelligence ofhuman being and human reason. Whit their power of reason, they are not able tothe existence of the Providence.
However, on the other side, it is alsoimportant that they cannot prove God’s inexistence either (Petrescu, 2013). The presentation of the character whichcome from the illusion of deist arguments does not give a sign giving up theproject of a religion based on Reason. Thepresupposition of the existence of God is the initiating point and canonly be infer when the existence is already known in certain and granted. TheGod in Kant is the as non-Absolute and the “Actual” belief, the faithin God’s existence. For Kant, theultimate goal of the concept of God is the moral of human being.
No one ispossible to rationally prove the existence of God however the moral life cannotbegin without God’s existence. It seems like the existence of Supreme Being isessential and unconditioned. In addition, in the imperfect life of humanBeings, God is the perfect Being whom they can compare their knowledge andbehaviors with.
And based on the comparison, individuals could create somecriteria for themselves to correct their actions and knowledge. However, humanbeing alone cannot be able to reach the Absolute Being through their ownedunderwent knowledge: instead, the thing they can do to unreachable knowledgeand God is to presuppose the factuality of supreme phenomenon indicated as transcendentalobject of something they cannot even explain what it is in itself. For Kant,transcendental object is generated by consciousness so that the world is not asimple world of representations without objective substratum. Inferring theabsolute essential existence from the imperfection of the contingent being is knowntranscendental argument. According to the author, the principles of reason aswell as the idea of God are indeed because the possibility of systematicknowledge of nature exists, only when we enable it. For that reason, it causes the natural processof human reason.
Reason generates by chasing the idea of the existence ofessential being. In this being, the characteristic of unconditioned existenceis acknowledged. Then the existence is expandable to the notion of theindependence of all other things – in other words, in that which contains all reality.
“The unlimited all is an absolute unity, and is conceived by the mind as abeing one and supreme; and thus, reason concludes that the Supreme Being, asthe primal basis of all things, possesses an existence which is absolutelynecessary (Fackenheim, 1996).” Even though working before Kant two years in corresponding work andcompletely own in the method and style, Fichte’s work is based on the Kant’spractical philosophy and is the further development of Kant’s work. In hisstudy, Fichte likes to concern ‘God’ as a being-in-himself, is a part of thisWorld. He might expose himself by interfering in the history of the worldwithout at specific times.
It could be at the beginning of the world history orconstantly throughout the history. But this self-disclosure must be entirely relatedwith moral nature of human being. Unlike Kant, the God in Fichte is God’s absoluteness: God asthe moral Order of the World. God’sfor the purpose of morality.
When Mankind or Humanity has drowned so deep thatthe morality which is created from the pure reason has completely disappearinside of human being and lost their power. It is a fact in this world andpossibly happens. Under thecircumstance that this is a fact and happens to the world of sense, as theconsequence