Health The rat urine is also responsible for

Health care for more than one million individuals staying in South American currently making about one-third of the United States population. This includes; Texas, Oklahoma, Kentucky, Delaware, Maryland and West Virginia is worse compared to other regions, Southerners happen to be uninsured, less likely to have access to needed health services, and likely to experience a number of health conditions such as diabetes and heart disease.

People of color in Mississippi have shorter life expectancy than the average white American did in 1959. This state has a very high obesity rate of about 35%, and is also considered to have a very high poverty rate compared to other regions in the United States. It also has only one abortion clinic.

However, It’s not all doom and gloomy. There are some measures that can be taken to help remedy this problem. The government should embrace technology, eliminate the perverse free-for-service payment and consolidate services for better quality for lower costs.



















Rats are everywhere. There’s even a popular saying about the poor church mouse. These small guys thrive in the weirdest of places be it in the bushes, garbage collection points or even in our sewage.

They are tiny guys but dangerous. Their scratch or bite can easily cause a fever. The rat urine is also responsible for liver and kidney damage by spreading leptospirosis. This disease causes complications like liver failure, cardiovascular problems and renal failure

Lymphocytic choriomeningitis (LCMV) has both short and long term effects on an individual. This infectious viral disease is passes from one person to another though the urine and saliva of rats. Bubonic plague is another dangerous disease spread by rats. It is rat-borne as fleas from the rats’ body cause this disease. The rat transport these fleas on their body which results to the spread of this deadly disease.

Rats also cause Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome, transmitted by the rice rat.One can contract this disease by being bite by the rat, getting into direct contact with the rat feces or urine, or by breathing in dust that is contaminated with rat droppings or urine.




Farley, J. (2013).  A History of Imperial Tropical Medicine:  

Ken, W. (2010). Health Care Management and the Law. Retrieved from

Baciu, A., Yamrot, N., Amy G., James, N., Weinstein. (2017) Communities in Action: Pathways to Health Equity


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