~ them. Despite the many negative impacts Saddam

Saddam Hussein vs Adolf Hitler ~


were the methods used, and changes made to society by Saddam Hussein and Adolf

Throughout history, conventional world
leaders like Saddam Hussein and Adolf Hitler, tend to have made significant
impacts to their country, and sometimes even towards the wider world. The
methods they adopted to achieve those societal changes played a highly crucial part.

We all know that the comparison between Adolf Hitler and Saddam Hussein is
really not too far-fetched. For a start, both of the dictator’s dividend
eminent visual traits, such as their dark hair, symbolistic moustaches, and
their fixation with military attire. But, far beyond physical appearances, from
an authentic aspect, there are some highly prominent resembles, in the sense of
the methods they have used, and the changes they have made to society.


It is no question that Saddam Hussein and
Adolf Hitler both used smart methods to rise to power, and ultimately to stay
in power. Adolf Hitler (Führer of Nazi Germany (1934 – 1945)), just like Saddam
Hussein, came to power through the strong use of violence and conflict. Due to
this, people were scared of the consequences if they opposed, making more
people vote them into power. Both leaders made sure to encourage the leaders
that were previously in power, to forcefully give up their positions. It is
clear that their aggressive personalities really took a toll on the people and
made it easy for both leaders to achieve their aims and come to power. They
both used many kinds of propaganda to gain more power, through things like art,
music, theatre, films, books, radio, and posters. They both made sure that
they looked good in the newspaper, even though in reality, they were both
incredibly evil men. They both used secret spies to make sure that they
wouldn’t get caught red handed, and also to made sure that no one argued or
spoke against them. The leaders encouraged people to grasp each other up if
they heard anything opposing about them.


Despite the many negative impacts Saddam made to society
during his reign, there are also some positive changes he made which puts him
in a position of a brighter light. Education was Saddam Hussein’s primary priority
during his regime. Predominately throughout his early years of his reign, he
invested greatly on a much better education system, with the intention that it
would be well-sourced, expansive, and open to woman. Within a few years
after Saddam took the place of President, Iraq was starting to get provided
with social services, which was incredibly outstanding among the Middle East
countries. Saddam initiated and later controlled both the “National Campaign
for the Eradication of Illiteracy” and the campaign for “Compulsory Free
Education in Iraq”. The government worked together to establish free schooling all
the way through from elementary school to up to College. Saddam ordered a big number of schools to be built
across all cities, and granted Iraq at least one built in every single village.

This helped to build a much more educated middle class, resulting in the number
of Iraqis attending University, to be doubled. Literacy rates rose from 52% in 1977,
to 80% in 1987, which is about the same level as in Singapore (Gusterson, 2011).


Saddam used the idea of modernization in Iraq
to gain power and authority in government. The method to modernize was through Iraq’s
oil. This act was marked on 1st June 1972, when Saddam seized all International
oil interests, causing oil prices to extensively rise, further funding Saddam’s
plan to come to power. After he became president, Saddam led the oil
nationalization process for the Ba’ath party in 1972, and sizably helped Iraq’s
economy. The repercussions of the nationalization were tripling the Iraqi oil production,
and considering Iraq didn’t have to grant percentages of the profits to
non-Iraqi companies, Iraq’s economy was undoubtedly strengthening.


Many years before Al-Ba’ath Party took
charge, Feudalism was completely prohibited (in 1958). Under Saddam’s reign,
farmers were given pieces of land, loans, modern machinery, discounted crop
supplies, and water supplies, all in order to help them thrive and succeed in
life. Saddam Hussein ordered the construction of a new river, known as the
“third river”, to help inundate Iraq, and boost the food production.


It is no question that Saddam Hussein made a
positive impact on the middle class. The Iraqi people, principally the
employees, were granted sectors of land for them to build on to, and loans that
were tailor made for that purpose. He made sure that government employees were
granted a substantial place to sleep, either by living on the government
property without having to pay any rent, or building housing units where they
were given for free. He encouraged a significant amount of people and
communities to use the government land to build housing complexes on, to help
the people the lower class. Due to Saddam Hussein’s help in providing work
opportunities for farmers, the number of Egyptian workers in 1980 grew to 1.5
million throughout Iraq (“What Are Some of Saddam
Hussein’s Positive Achievements and Progressive Contributions to Iraq and the
Arab World?,” n.d.). Saddam additionally gave them social security
coverage and free health insurance. This further fuels the reason why the Arab
countries were sincerely outraged when Saddam Hussein was removed from power.


Saddam’s rule, every city in Iraq had access to water and electricity. This was
derived from the large amounts of dams built which gave Iraq the control over
the water and electricity. There were much better services throughout the
country, and what helped this come about, was the “Mole Villages” that were
built in the attempt to provide better overall living standards for farmers throughout
the country. There was at least one health service built in each village. There
was a vast amount of bridges, roads, and modernized highways constructed all
around the country. Factories were being built everywhere in the country, so
that Iraq could step forward and make things like their own heaters, air
conditioners, fridges, radios, and televisions.


care was a huge aspect during Saddam’s reign. Basic Healthcare was made free
for everyone in the country, and anything that was more than just a visit, was
made incredibly cheap for the people. The government made sure that there were
big medicine discounts for the people, and specific pills were made free. There
was a phenomenal rise in Medical care, with the urban population reaching 97%,
and the rural population reaching 71% (“What
Are Some of Saddam Hussein’s Positive Achievements and Progressive
Contributions to Iraq and the Arab World?,” n.d.). Mortality rate was decreased to 50/1000 LB, and infant
mortality dropped to 40/1000 LB (“What
Are Some of Saddam Hussein’s Positive Achievements and Progressive
Contributions to Iraq and the Arab World?,” n.d.). The healthcare quality in Iraq was dubbed to be very
high. Iraq was close to obtain a “developed” country status, which is
outstanding considering Iraq is labeled as a “developing” country. Saddam made
sure that patients who needed more medical attention, were flown to destination
countries to be given the treatment they needed, under the government’s
expense. Iraq created one of the most modernized public health system in the
Middle East. For his hugely profitable actions, Saddam earned himself an UNESCO


contemplating on the historical changes made to society made by Saddam Hussein,
we come to realize that there are some valid comparisons between Saddam and
Hitler. During Hitler’s reign, he segregated society by killing or driving the
Jews, as well as splitting up friends and family units. He also completely
changed the landscape of the workplace. This drastically changed the dynamics
of the German population forever. Saddam Hussein changed society by instigating
a fear of terror in society, as he ruled by fear and violent retribution
curves. The Iraqi population feared Saddam in the way that they were scared to
step out of line. His punishments were ones that didn’t exactly fit the cause. Hitler also used fear to come to power, therefore the
Reichstag Fire was perfect for him. The fire escalated the terror in the Nazis.

Both leaders also made some similar, positive changes to the services in the
country. Hitler helped Germany become more efficient, so popularized the
Highway systems, which area still used all over the world, in modern day. Hitler
also spread the word and tried to convince his people to quit smoking. He
alarmed them about the health effects caused by smoking.  


I believe that the changes made and methods used by both leaders, Saddam
Hussein and Adolf Hitler, have had huge impacts on society and are still being
felt today. The violence may not be continuing in Europe as it is in Iraq, but in
some areas, Jews are still ostracized and families are still affected by the atrocities
of Hitler’s regime during the war, and will always remember when they lost so
many of their loved ones and possessions.



Word Count: 1400





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