Friday is a very important day for Muslims. It is more significantand more beneficial than any other day of the week. It is the day that Muslims gather together topray in congregation. Prophet Muhammad ? said: “Fridayis the best of days. It was on this day that Aadam (alayhis salaam) wascreated, it was on this day that he was granted entry into jannah, it was onthis day that he was removed from jannah (which became the cause for man’sexistence in this universe, and which is a great blessing), and the day of resurrectionwill also take place on this day.
” (SahihMuslim)1 Friday and jumah has its own values and virtues in the sight ofAllah SWT and it is demonstrated in Quran to us that Master of all days isFriday. Allah SWT said in the Quran that:”Oyou who believe! When the call to prayer is proclaimed on Friday hastenearnestly to the remembrance of God, and leave aside business. That is best for you if you but knew.” (Quran62:9)Congregational prayers (obligatory for men) are one of the moststrongly emphasized duties in Islam.
Itis a time when Muslims come together to worship Almighty, and find strength andcomfort by standing shoulder to shoulder and reaffirming their faith anddevotion to Him.Narrated by Abu Huraira (may Allah be pleased with him) thatAllah’s Apostle ? said, “Any person whotakes a bath on Friday like the bath of Janaba and then goes for the prayer (inthe first hour i.e. early), it is as if he had sacrificed a camel (in Allah’scause); and whoever goes in the second hour it is as if he had sacrificed acow; and whoever goes in the third hour, then it is as if he had sacrificed ahorned ram; and if one goes in the fourth hour, then it is as if he hadsacrificed a hen; and whoever goes in the fifth hour then it is as if he hadoffered an egg. When the Imam comes out (i.
e. starts delivering the Khutba),the angels present themselves to listen to the Khutba.” (Bukhari, 2:425,Muslim,2:582) (Book of Friday Prayer)For whom Jumuah prayer is compulsoryWhileit is only men who are obliged to attend the Friday Jumuah prayer. There arealso many recommended acts which can be performed by men, women or childrenduring this day.Jumma prayer is individually obligatory for every Muslim, legallycontent, free and male resident. The prophet (PBUH) said: “(performing) the jummah prayer in congregation is obligatory upon everyMuslim, with four exceptions; a slave, a woman, a boy and a sick person.
“(Abu Dawd, 1067)Shaikhul Islam Ibn Taymiyah said, the Jumuah prayer is obligatoryupon every group of people living in permanent house close together, weathersuch house are built with mud, wood, reeds, palm branches, or any othermaterial, as long as they do not depart from such a place im summer or winter.The kind of material is insignificant to the aforementioned legal obligation.The original rule concerning this is that they should be permanently residentand not like nomads. Conditionsof Jumuah Prayer1. Taking permanent or temporary residence in a place. the person isnot on a journey.
For a muhajer it’s not obligatory.This is because prophet (pbuh) did not order the arab tribesleaving around medina to perform the jumma prayer.2. Jumuah prayer must be performed at its due time, that means in juhrtime.Allah (SWT) said that: “Establish prayer at the decline of the sunfrom its meridian until the darkness of the night and also the Qur’an ofdawn. Indeed, the recitation of dawn is ever witnessed.” (sura al Isra 17:78)Allah (swt) said: “indeed prayer has been decreed upon believers adecree of specific time.
” (4: 103)3. The two sermons are considered a condition of the Jumuah prayer asthe prophet (pbuh) used to deliver two sermons before performing the prayer.Ibn umar said: the prophet (PBAH) used to deliver two sermonswhile standing and sit in between them.Faqihs mention that the Jumuah prayer is an independentobligation, not a substitute for Zuhr prayer. Umar (R) said: “The prayer of thetraveler is two rak’ahs (units if prayer), The Jumuah prayer is two rak’ahs,the feast prayer is tow rak’ahs, These prayer are complete not shortenedaccording to what your prophet (PBUH) said.”It is not sufficient for any Muslim for whom the jumuah prayer isobligatory, to perform the zuhr prayer instead of the jumuah prayer, unless thedue time is over, only then the zuhr prayer becomes a substitute. The jumuahprayer is not obligatory upon travelers.
A traveler and a ill person ispermitted to perform the jumuah prayertheprohibition of talking while the Imam is delivering the Jummah SermonItis obligatory to listen the sermon. If one does not listen to it then onecommits an evil act. The prophet (PBUH) said: whoever ask his companion to keepquit (while the imam is delivering the sermons), will have no reward forFriday. (Ahmad, 719)Allah(swt) said that:”Oyou who believe! When the call is proclaimed for the Salah on Al-Jumu`ah(Friday), then hasten (Fas`aw) to the remembrance of Allah and leave offbusiness.
That is better for you if you did but know! 10. Then when the Salahis complete, you may disperse through the land, and seek the bounty of Allah,and remember Allah much, that you may be successful.” Surah Al-Jumu’ah(62:9-10)”So,when the Qur’aan is recited, listen to it, and be silent” al-A’raaf 7:204Itis important for a Muslim not to neglect Friday Prayer due to work, study, orother worldly matters. Believers should make priority to attending this prayer,since ignoring it three times in a row, with no valid reason, will cause a believerto stray from the straight path.TheProrhet (PBUH) said: “whoever talks while the imam is delivering the (Friday)sermon is like a donkey that carries volumes (of books), and whoever asks himto keep quiet and listen, there will be no (reward for) Friday for him.”(Ahmad, 2033)