Fanconi it may affect communication skills. The

Fanconi anemia (FA) which was
first depicted by the Swiss pediatrician Guido Fanconi; is regularly acquired in
an autosomal recessive manner, and once in a while this condition is acquired in
an X-linked recessive pattern. FA leads to failure in the bone marrow, leukemia
and/or stable tumors of the head, neck and mind area. Fanconi anemia people
have brief stature and some have developmental weaknesses, such as anomalies of
the thumbs and arms, Skeletal anomalies of the hips, backbone or ribs, kidney
problems, skin discoloration, small head or eyes, intellectual developmental
put off or studying disabilities, low birth weight, and small reproductive
organs in adult males. Brain tumors might lead to communication disorders;
however, it is essential to recognize that not everyone with a brain tumor will
have communication difficulties. Whether and how a brain tumor affects your
communication skills will be determined by its location in the brain. Every part
in the brain has special role, some of these parts major role is communication,
speech, and language. For example, the frontal lobe is involved in language
production and the temporal lobe is involved in understanding language. As a
result, if the tumor is in one of these lobes, it may affect communication
skills. The most common communication difficulty experienced by people with
brain tumors is dysphasia. Occasionally the term ‘aphasia’ is used, although the
most accurate terminology is ‘dysphasia’. Aphasia really means the complete lack
of language, whereas dysphasia means problems with language. According to the
article”What to Expect When You’re Not Expecting Aphasia”; Aphasia is a
communication disorder that affects a person’s capacity to develop and utilize
language. It is a neurological condition triggered by impairment in the areas
of the brain responsible for language production, and it cannot distress IQ.  Because language can be one of the most
important aspects of one’s life, aphasia would be one of the toughest disorders.
So, patients with aphasia possibly will find it challenging to talk, comprehend
language, read and write. The type as well as the severity of aphasia refers to
the area and degree of the impaired brain material. Aphasia can range from
moderate, where an undertaking as recognizing the label of an object can be challenging;
to intense, through which any sort of communication impossible. According to
the chapter “Aphasia: Classification of the syndrome”: “All language deficits
that occur after brain injuries are called aphasia”. Moreover, anyone can have aphasia,
including children, however in most cases it occurs within middle-aged or older
people.  Aphasia is initiated through impairment
to more than one language zone of the mind. Most of the times, the reason of
brain injury is a stroke which is caused when blood is incapable of reaching a specific
region in the brain, thus brain cells decease once they are not able of  taking their average amount of blood, which transports
oxygen and other necessary nutrients. Other roots of brain wound may be intense
blows to the skull, brain tumors, brain contaminations, in addition to many
other situations that affect the brain. The severity of aphasia
relies on the amount and position of destruction to the brain. As much as aphasia
is severe, the more the speech and language skills are limited. So the severity
of aphasia might range from mild and severe. Patients with moderate aphasia have
problems in understanding long sentences, they may need more time to understand
and respond to spoken sentences and conversations as well as they face
difficulties in responding to questions on the spot, they might have trouble
retrieving words that clarifies and describes a thought, and in addition to that
even if they found the words they want they might put them in the wrong order.
Adding to that people with intense aphasia might experience  suffering in understanding spoken words, might
be unable to respond to yes and no questions, they wouldn’t be alert of their
mistakes, may use a combination of words and jargon that is not understood by
others, and they may have little or no speech. In order to Test for Aphasia,
one must consult a doctor if he/she have problems in language or understanding
what others are saying. Then a doctor can decide if these problems are driven
by some medical conditions or causes. After that, a speech-language pathologist,
or SLP, will assess communication skills for speech and language skills. The
SLP will test how well the patient can understand words, questions, directions,
in addition to saying words and sentences. The SLP will request from the
patient to name objects, describe pictures, and answer questions. In addition
to that the SLP will test reading and writing, so the patient will be asked to write
letters, words, and sentences, in addition to reading short stories and answering
questions about them. Starting with Global Aphasia; the most challenging type
of aphasia and it is a diagnosis for people that are capable of uttering some
identifiable words and apprehend little spoken language. “Patients with Global
Aphasia can neither read nor write”. Some of the reasons for having Global
Aphasia are harms to the linguistic areas in the brain, including Wernicke’s
and Broca’s areas, which are the most critical zones for apprehending spoken language,
being able to recognize accurate vocabulary words, using correct morphology of
words, as well as forming and uttering phrases in the correct morphosyntactic
manner. It can be recognized instantly after the patient has experienced a sort
of brain trauma or strokes. Warning signs would develop in a very quick manner
directly after stroke if the harm was not too severe. On the other hand, when
huger brain damage occurs it will result in more extensive and chronic
disability.  The other type of Aphasia,
“Broca’s Aphasia”; patients with this type of 
aphasia experience difficulties with talking in a fluent manner, but
they have great potential in understanding; that is their expressive skills are
impaired but their receptive skills remains intact. According to the National
Aphasia Association discussing Broca’s Aphasia explained that “This type of
aphasia is also known as non-fluent or expressive aphasia”. Patients with
Broca’s Aphasia face difficulties in sentence production having correct grammar
and good syntactic structure; in addition to that their speech is constrained
to short phrases of four words or even less. The production of the correct
phoneme or retrieving the most convenient words is considered as a challenging
procedure. Some persons experience more problems with utilizing verbs than
nouns. A person with Broca’s aphasia may comprehend speech, most often when the
morphosyntactic structure of the language is artless. However they find it more
difficult to understand sentences with complex morphosyntactic construct.
Patients with this category of aphasia can read; however they lack the ability
to write. Broca’s aphasia results from injury to the left hemisphere
responsible for speech and language brain areas. Such injury can be a
consequence of strokes as well as brain trauma .  Adding to that the other type of Aphasia is
mixed non-fluent aphasia which is related to people who have light speech,
which are said to be so much like intensive Broca’s aphasia. However, on the
contrary to patients suffering Broca’s aphasia, mixed non-fluent aphasia
individuals have limited apprehension of speech, like persons suffering from
Wernicke’s aphasia. Patients having mixed non-fluent aphasia can’t neither read
nor write beyond a basic level . Moreover, the other type of Aphasia which is
Wernicke’s Aphasia is characterized by a diminished ability in comprehending
speech, while producing coherent sentence remains intact. In this type of
Aphasia, reading and writing are intensely damaged. Similar to the other forms
of aphasia, patients are expected to completely preserve their intellectual and
cognitive abilities that are not related to speech and language. Patients
having Wernicke’s aphasia are able of producing words using sentences with a
correct morphosyntactic structure with a regular speed and prosody. However,
the sentences they form and say doesn’t have a meaning and never make sense or
they scatter their phrases with using inadequate words. They might not be able
to know that they are using incorrect and non-existing utterances and most of
the time they are unconscious that their utterances don’t make sense. Patients
suffering from Wernicke’s Aphasia show severe language understanding
impairments, which is because in Wernicke’s aphasia patients show brain injuries
to the zones that are critical for comprehending the definition of words and
spoken language. Another type of Aphasia is Anomic aphasia which is considered
as one of the less severe types of aphasia. This term is used to describe
patients that lack the ability to give the correct words for anything they
would like to talk about. Their speech has normal fluency and good morphology
however it is full of unclear words and when they fail to retrieve the exact
word they try to designate the word they want to say. They always have the
feeling that the word they want to say is on the tip of the tongue however this
results in frustration.  Patients having
this type of aphasia have good receptive skills and are capable of
understanding speech as well as repeating words and phrases .In order to
diagnose and assess Aphasia, patients must pass through several stages, first
starting with screening, then with comprehensive assessment. Screening doesn’t
give an accurate explanation of the harshness and features of aphasia but it is
rather a process for knowing and discovering if the patient needs more
assessment. Screening is used as a technique for an adequate referral of
patients with aphasia to speech-language pathology facilities and it is
considered as the critical initial step in defining the need for treatment.
Screenings are done by the Speech and language pathologist or other therapists
through utilizing means of standardized and non-standardized tests to monitor
oral motor tasks, speech production skills, comprehension and producing spoken
and/or written language, intellectual aspects of communication, and hearing.
So, patients diagnosed with aphasia after completing the screening process are
referred to an SLP for a more detailed assessment of language and communication.
Assessment is directed to recognize and label injuries in the brain, including
essential weaknesses in spoken and written language that may lead to
communication disorders; that are co-morbid with other health circumstances and
medicines that can affect communication skills; the persons limits in movement
and sharing, including alterations that impacts communication and interpersonal
interactions that affect functionality in the society; factors driven from
contextual backgrounds  help in forming
obstacles or helpers for a positive way of communication skills and sharing
adequately in life; and the influence of communication disorders on the worth
of life, practical limits relative to the patients premorbid societal
characters, and its effect on his or her community . Assessment can be done
using processes considered to diagnose primary ranks of working within
appropriate field which is the continuing course by utilizing
hypothesis-testing techniques in order to be able to recognize possibly effective
interference and care procedures .

Fanconi anemia (FA) which was
first depicted by the Swiss pediatrician Guido Fanconi; is regularly acquired in
an autosomal recessive manner, and once in a while this condition is acquired in
an X-linked recessive pattern. FA leads to failure in the bone marrow, leukemia
and/or stable tumors of the head, neck and mind area. Fanconi anemia people
have brief stature and some have developmental weaknesses, such as anomalies of
the thumbs and arms, Skeletal anomalies of the hips, backbone or ribs, kidney
problems, skin discoloration, small head or eyes, intellectual developmental
put off or studying disabilities, low birth weight, and small reproductive
organs in adult males. Brain tumors might lead to communication disorders;
however, it is essential to recognize that not everyone with a brain tumor will
have communication difficulties. Whether and how a brain tumor affects your
communication skills will be determined by its location in the brain. Every part
in the brain has special role, some of these parts major role is communication,
speech, and language. For example, the frontal lobe is involved in language
production and the temporal lobe is involved in understanding language. As a
result, if the tumor is in one of these lobes, it may affect communication
skills. The most common communication difficulty experienced by people with
brain tumors is dysphasia. Occasionally the term ‘aphasia’ is used, although the
most accurate terminology is ‘dysphasia’. Aphasia really means the complete lack
of language, whereas dysphasia means problems with language. According to the
article”What to Expect When You’re Not Expecting Aphasia”; Aphasia is a
communication disorder that affects a person’s capacity to develop and utilize
language. It is a neurological condition triggered by impairment in the areas
of the brain responsible for language production, and it cannot distress IQ.  Because language can be one of the most
important aspects of one’s life, aphasia would be one of the toughest disorders.
So, patients with aphasia possibly will find it challenging to talk, comprehend
language, read and write. The type as well as the severity of aphasia refers to
the area and degree of the impaired brain material. Aphasia can range from
moderate, where an undertaking as recognizing the label of an object can be challenging;
to intense, through which any sort of communication impossible. According to
the chapter “Aphasia: Classification of the syndrome”: “All language deficits
that occur after brain injuries are called aphasia”. Moreover, anyone can have aphasia,
including children, however in most cases it occurs within middle-aged or older
people.  Aphasia is initiated through impairment
to more than one language zone of the mind. Most of the times, the reason of
brain injury is a stroke which is caused when blood is incapable of reaching a specific
region in the brain, thus brain cells decease once they are not able of  taking their average amount of blood, which transports
oxygen and other necessary nutrients. Other roots of brain wound may be intense
blows to the skull, brain tumors, brain contaminations, in addition to many
other situations that affect the brain. The severity of aphasia
relies on the amount and position of destruction to the brain. As much as aphasia
is severe, the more the speech and language skills are limited. So the severity
of aphasia might range from mild and severe. Patients with moderate aphasia have
problems in understanding long sentences, they may need more time to understand
and respond to spoken sentences and conversations as well as they face
difficulties in responding to questions on the spot, they might have trouble
retrieving words that clarifies and describes a thought, and in addition to that
even if they found the words they want they might put them in the wrong order.
Adding to that people with intense aphasia might experience  suffering in understanding spoken words, might
be unable to respond to yes and no questions, they wouldn’t be alert of their
mistakes, may use a combination of words and jargon that is not understood by
others, and they may have little or no speech. In order to Test for Aphasia,
one must consult a doctor if he/she have problems in language or understanding
what others are saying. Then a doctor can decide if these problems are driven
by some medical conditions or causes. After that, a speech-language pathologist,
or SLP, will assess communication skills for speech and language skills. The
SLP will test how well the patient can understand words, questions, directions,
in addition to saying words and sentences. The SLP will request from the
patient to name objects, describe pictures, and answer questions. In addition
to that the SLP will test reading and writing, so the patient will be asked to write
letters, words, and sentences, in addition to reading short stories and answering
questions about them. Starting with Global Aphasia; the most challenging type
of aphasia and it is a diagnosis for people that are capable of uttering some
identifiable words and apprehend little spoken language. “Patients with Global
Aphasia can neither read nor write”. Some of the reasons for having Global
Aphasia are harms to the linguistic areas in the brain, including Wernicke’s
and Broca’s areas, which are the most critical zones for apprehending spoken language,
being able to recognize accurate vocabulary words, using correct morphology of
words, as well as forming and uttering phrases in the correct morphosyntactic
manner. It can be recognized instantly after the patient has experienced a sort
of brain trauma or strokes. Warning signs would develop in a very quick manner
directly after stroke if the harm was not too severe. On the other hand, when
huger brain damage occurs it will result in more extensive and chronic
disability.  The other type of Aphasia,
“Broca’s Aphasia”; patients with this type of 
aphasia experience difficulties with talking in a fluent manner, but
they have great potential in understanding; that is their expressive skills are
impaired but their receptive skills remains intact. According to the National
Aphasia Association discussing Broca’s Aphasia explained that “This type of
aphasia is also known as non-fluent or expressive aphasia”. Patients with
Broca’s Aphasia face difficulties in sentence production having correct grammar
and good syntactic structure; in addition to that their speech is constrained
to short phrases of four words or even less. The production of the correct
phoneme or retrieving the most convenient words is considered as a challenging
procedure. Some persons experience more problems with utilizing verbs than
nouns. A person with Broca’s aphasia may comprehend speech, most often when the
morphosyntactic structure of the language is artless. However they find it more
difficult to understand sentences with complex morphosyntactic construct.
Patients with this category of aphasia can read; however they lack the ability
to write. Broca’s aphasia results from injury to the left hemisphere
responsible for speech and language brain areas. Such injury can be a
consequence of strokes as well as brain trauma .  Adding to that the other type of Aphasia is
mixed non-fluent aphasia which is related to people who have light speech,
which are said to be so much like intensive Broca’s aphasia. However, on the
contrary to patients suffering Broca’s aphasia, mixed non-fluent aphasia
individuals have limited apprehension of speech, like persons suffering from
Wernicke’s aphasia. Patients having mixed non-fluent aphasia can’t neither read
nor write beyond a basic level . Moreover, the other type of Aphasia which is
Wernicke’s Aphasia is characterized by a diminished ability in comprehending
speech, while producing coherent sentence remains intact. In this type of
Aphasia, reading and writing are intensely damaged. Similar to the other forms
of aphasia, patients are expected to completely preserve their intellectual and
cognitive abilities that are not related to speech and language. Patients
having Wernicke’s aphasia are able of producing words using sentences with a
correct morphosyntactic structure with a regular speed and prosody. However,
the sentences they form and say doesn’t have a meaning and never make sense or
they scatter their phrases with using inadequate words. They might not be able
to know that they are using incorrect and non-existing utterances and most of
the time they are unconscious that their utterances don’t make sense. Patients
suffering from Wernicke’s Aphasia show severe language understanding
impairments, which is because in Wernicke’s aphasia patients show brain injuries
to the zones that are critical for comprehending the definition of words and
spoken language. Another type of Aphasia is Anomic aphasia which is considered
as one of the less severe types of aphasia. This term is used to describe
patients that lack the ability to give the correct words for anything they
would like to talk about. Their speech has normal fluency and good morphology
however it is full of unclear words and when they fail to retrieve the exact
word they try to designate the word they want to say. They always have the
feeling that the word they want to say is on the tip of the tongue however this
results in frustration.  Patients having
this type of aphasia have good receptive skills and are capable of
understanding speech as well as repeating words and phrases .In order to
diagnose and assess Aphasia, patients must pass through several stages, first
starting with screening, then with comprehensive assessment. Screening doesn’t
give an accurate explanation of the harshness and features of aphasia but it is
rather a process for knowing and discovering if the patient needs more
assessment. Screening is used as a technique for an adequate referral of
patients with aphasia to speech-language pathology facilities and it is
considered as the critical initial step in defining the need for treatment.
Screenings are done by the Speech and language pathologist or other therapists
through utilizing means of standardized and non-standardized tests to monitor
oral motor tasks, speech production skills, comprehension and producing spoken
and/or written language, intellectual aspects of communication, and hearing.
So, patients diagnosed with aphasia after completing the screening process are
referred to an SLP for a more detailed assessment of language and communication.
Assessment is directed to recognize and label injuries in the brain, including
essential weaknesses in spoken and written language that may lead to
communication disorders; that are co-morbid with other health circumstances and
medicines that can affect communication skills; the persons limits in movement
and sharing, including alterations that impacts communication and interpersonal
interactions that affect functionality in the society; factors driven from
contextual backgrounds  help in forming
obstacles or helpers for a positive way of communication skills and sharing
adequately in life; and the influence of communication disorders on the worth
of life, practical limits relative to the patients premorbid societal
characters, and its effect on his or her community . Assessment can be done
using processes considered to diagnose primary ranks of working within
appropriate field which is the continuing course by utilizing
hypothesis-testing techniques in order to be able to recognize possibly effective
interference and care procedures .

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