Faculty particularly nurses, have a key role, raising

 

 

Faculty of Engineering, Environment and Computing

GTU304KM: Information Technology
& Global Development

 

Family Name(s)   :  MENSAH

 

Forename(s): PHYLLIS DZIFAH

 

ID NUMBER: 8356624

 

Coursework type:
Research Report

 

Lecturer:
Dr. Stephen Asunka

 

Ind/Group: Individual

 

Module Code:

 

GTU304KM

Hand out date:15/11/2017

 

Due
date: 11/12/2017

 

Cohort
(Sept/Jan/May)

 

 

 

 

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ICT IN HEALTH

Why ICT in HEALTH?

 

 

INTRODUCTION

The broad use of digital in the health systems of developed
societies, has implications for different actors in the health-disease process
and the process of providing care to the community. This area must be
considered from the view point of patients, from the outlook of health
professionals and, also from the perspective of health organizations. When a
lot of developed countries had integrated Information and Communication Technology
(ICT) in their care processes, a new perspective on controlling information and
allowing the use of data for health research to improve patient care it is
opening. In this new care setting, health professionals, and particularly
nurses, have a key role, raising the need for specific education and training
to be able to respond to this new scenario. It involves a process of adaptation
for the professionals. At the same time, the joined and implementation of ICT
in the health sector, involves a process of adaptation for the patients or
users and for the health institutions

FACTORS

 Three factors that have contributed to the
successful adoption of the technology in the society:

Enhanced
tolerant charge and employee competence: Technology has causes patient health care
safer and reliable than before. Nurses and doctors use mobile
computers to record a patient’s medical details and see that they are doing the
right treatment. Outcomes of lab tests, accesses of important signs, and
medicine request are done technologically send into a main database that can be
accessed later. And as more institutions are adopting electronic health
records, patients have easy way to get to their own information so they understand
what is being done to them.

 Physicians are
effortless to grasp and choice at their operations:  the access of smart phones
can help doctors reach a lot of pages of medical textbooks. They also use online
medical databases to quickly check on studies and information about patient.
Technology has also helped doctors to have access to their e-mail, texts,
videos, and conference facilities to seek help from other doctors across world.
This is also called telemedicine, usually helpful for doctors and patients in
the society and under-developed countries. Without transferring, doctors can seek
professionals from other world to diagnose, treat, and research conditions
without the help of matured hospital. Telemedicine
was used accurately in 2010 Haiti earthquake and will no fear be polished for
future use

 

Choice
medication and less discomfort: Let us not close our minds on how technology has transformed
healthcare by bringing in new
machines, medicines, and treatments that prove lives and changed the chance of recovery for societies
and the entire world wide. Not
only do matured medical practitioners help patients recover straight; the new technology
trend has also changed research so professionals can take healthcare even more seriously.
On this note this is a true means by which new technology improved.  The life of someone who suffered from chronic adverse killer disease is only one example
of how lives are being improved in an efficient, way every time.

ROLES 

Roles governments might have played
towards the successful adoption and effective utilization of this technology by
society:

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whereby the government using technology to organized programs on public radios,
TVs, social media and also have access to them on our various devices base on
health related issues example the outbreak of diseases like tuberculosis, malaria,
HIV, H1N1 FLU and AIDS to educate the society most especially what is going on
in the society now and how to get involve in health screenings and know the importance
of health and also know how to detect things early.

Hand- in- Hand Agreement with the
traditional rulers: the Government has recently implemented
something sort of this, coming in agreement with the traditional rulers in the
society between the doctors, nurses and chiefs to help organized health   programs through the means of using technology
to educate the society to help talk and teach everyone in the society to realize
how important heaths issues are and how easy they can detect them. The better the
knowledge the easier it can be treated.

Lastly
through the means of technology the Government can help organize free health screening
programs through the help of the media groups in the society. Which can be done
through the move from house to house in the society. This immunization or the
free screening program on other diseases like hypertension, diabetes and HIV
and AIDS.

 

 

RISKS

The possible risks to society by
continued use of this technology:

1.    
In the Journal of
Telemedicine and Tele care, it was found out that manual phone call reminders
to patients before their appointment was more effective in curbing missing appointment
that sending automated reminders.

2.    
Seclusion and guarantee matter. Privacy and security risks are exposed
to hackers. Identity theft and unsanctioned access and exploitation of patient information is at risk.

3.    
Digital worker form and clinical decision support may increase duplicate medication
order errors, according to a study published in Journal of the
American Medical Informatics Association. The researchers found that duplicate medication errors
increased from 48 before CPOE implementation to 167 after implementation.

 

 

CONCLUSION

In conclusion,
it’s surprising to move back and see just how far our society has come
technologically. If someone from 100 years ago quickly launched themselves in
today’s world, they would think they had been teleported into another era. From
improved practical competence to high level in patient care, the healthcare innovation
has improved the whole experience for both tolerant and medical Doctors.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

REFERRENCES

1.    
Published on (June 10, 2015) /www.linkedin.com/pulse/6-ways-technology-improving-healthcare-

jerin-varughes e-mathew.

2.    
 JAMIE DUCHARME ·( 9/23/2013,) 10:15
a.m. Five Common Health
Rumors, Debunked

3.    
www.beckershospitalreview.com/healthcare-information-technology/7-recent-studies-on-benefits-risks-of-health-it.html

4.    
http://www.ncpa.org/pdfs/st327.pdf  Health Information Technology: Benefits and
Problems Policy Report No. 327 by Devon M. Herrick, Linda Gorman (April 2010 )and
John C. Goodma

5.    
8 Ways Technology Is Improving Your Health BY KAREN REED WEDNESDAY, (FEBRUARY 22, 2017)

     
6..https://www.elcomcms.com/resources/blog/the-impact-of-technology-in-healthcare-trends-benefits-examples
 by Siv Rauv

(14 Jun 2017)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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