Explication is the process of defining terms and
operations in a qualitative research study and serves as a strategy for dealing
with bias. Taking care to define terms and operations affords the researcher
and reader clarity by making some important components of the study more
explicit (Stake, 2010).?
The following is a list of terms that will be used in this research
1) Verstehen: The German word for personal understanding. Qualitative
researchers reach many of their interpretations through experiential understanding
from their own personal experience or from the recollections and artifacts of
the personal experience of others (Stake, 2010).?
2) Zone of Proximal Development: The distance between the actual
developmental level of the child by independent problem solving and the level
of potential development as determined through problem solving under adult
guidance (Vygotsky, p. 86).
3) Social constructivism: knowledge is socially constructed where
individuals create meaningful learning through interactions with others.
4) Illuminative Cases: an example of an excellent program to learn under
what conditions the program exemplifies excellence.
5) Responsive Interviewing Model: an approach to depth interviewing
research which relies heavily on the interpretive constructionist philosophy
mixed with a bit of critical theory; the goal being to generate a depth of
understanding rather than breadth (Rubin & Rubin, 2005).
6) Lab Teacher: A classroom teacher they trained and mentored in best
practices in a variety of content areas who open their classrooms for
observation purposes so other teachers in the field of education (inside and
outside the district) can come to acquire new instruction and content
7) Educational Resilience: a dynamic set of interactions between the
student and the educational environment that work together to interrupt a
negative trajectory and support academic success (Downey, 2008).