Evidence-based practice is a common
practice used in nursing that is incredibly important. Evidence-based practice
is just that; it is practice using previous evidence. Whether that is wound
healing relative to using tap water versus normal saline, to many other
clinical questions, use of evidence can increase patient and nursing success
rates. In this paper, the significance of evidence-based practice in the
nursing field will be explored.
the years, clinical practice has moved from “opinion-based practice” to
“evidence-based practice”. The difference between the two practices seems
subjective versus objective. Opinions are subjective and vary person to person.
Evidence is subjective and cannot be argued from practice to practice.
Evidence-based practice is defined as referring to practice that result in the
best outcomes. It uses the most relevant and the best research findings. There
are seven steps to partaking in evidence-based practice. The first is to
cultivate a spirit of inquiry. This is defined as a sense of curiosity that
informs learning and practice. The second is to ask questions in the PICOT
format, which is used for making consistent ‘formula’ like questions. The third
is searching for the best evidence, followed by critically appraising the
evidence in step four. The fifth is then integrating that evidence found in
previous steps with clinical expertise and patient preferences. The sixth is
evaluating the outcomes and finishing by disseminating and spreading the
results with other health care providers (August, 2017).
practice is obviously beneficial to a wide variety of people, including health
care providers and patients and even the hospitals. In the hospital setting, it
can help providers stay up to date on protocol, use up-to-date data, improve
providers’ accountability, and improve quality of care and outcomes (Haughom, n.d.)
If a provider were to make an incorrect decision, but had the evidence to back
up that choice, they have much more justification than trying to justify it by opinion;
arguing using hard evidence is much harder to disprove than arguing using opinion.
The improved data and readiness of data helps improve quality of care as well as
outcomes. Say a patient is in the hospital with terminal cancer and has tried many
medications that haven’t worked, but new information comes out and that staff can
try something new, that could greatly improve the patient’s life.