Everyday things, such as bathing, taking a showering,drinking, cooking, and brushing our teeth are becoming more and more hazardousdue to water pollution. Clean water is becoming rare and is becoming economicallyand politically recognized as the population continues to grow and fight forthe resource. Water pollution is mostcommonly defined as “the presence in groundwater of toxic chemicals andbiological agents that exceed what is naturally found in the water and may posea threat to human health and/or the environment.” Water pollution can be causedby various reasons, however, most are dueto human activities that affect our water today. Also, there are many types ofwater pollution such as chemical,suspended matter, or microbiological. If the pollution comes from a singlesource like an oil spill it is classifiedas “point-source pollution” and if the pollution comes from many differentsources it is classified as “nonpoint-source pollution”As a population, we should be helping ourenvironment instead of destroying it. Keeping in mind of what is beingdeposited into sinks or toilets, managing the use of fertilizers and pesticides, do not litter garbage on streets, justto name few.
Water pollution treatment can be done in many forms of industrialtreatment, denitrification, septic tanks or ozone wastewater treatment. One ofthe most common ways of water treatment isseptic tanks. This is where the untreated sewage runs through the tanks wherethe solids are then separated from the liquids.Untreated water is knownfor causing health problems, the water is harmful to the human and animal population. Industrial wastesometimes contains toxins that affect thehealth of aquatic animals, depending on what it is the waste can range fromhaving only a mild effect to a fatal one.The waste can cause severe immune problems, reproductive failure or mostcommon, poisoning.
“Organic matter and nutrients causes an increase in aerobic algaeand depletes oxygen from the water column. This causes the suffocation of fishand other aquatic organisms.”In humans, however, waterborne diseases are caused byconsuming contaminated water. The contaminated water causes diarrhea, cholera,typhoid, dysentery or the guinea worm disease which is most common in SouthSudan, Mali, and Ethiopia. Studies show that water-relateddiseases cause up to 3.4 million deaths each year.