In Britain, some social anthropologists have examined the systems of law and courts in relatively simple societies and tried to determine their relationships to the other aspects of the social system. The study of ‘Sociology of Law’ is well known in Europe but not in America and Britain. In fact, sociologists have hardly turned their attention towards sociology of law in modern societies.
Previously, Durkheim (through his classification of law into retributive and recitative) and Max Weber (through his “Law in Economy and Society” – Translated work) had made some initial studies in this field. Austrian scholar E. Ehrlich published one of the most outstanding works on sociology of law in 1913 which was translated into English under the title “Fundamental Principles of the Sociology of Law” in 1936. Another famous work is that of Georges Gurvitch’s ‘Sociology of Law’ 1942.
Due to the work of some jurists in America considerable interest is now being shown to sociology of law. Due to this growing interest only a number of sociologists and lawyers have made a joint venture to produce an interesting work entitled “Society and the Law: New Meanings for an old Profession ” 1962.