Environmental Concerns the approaches of an organization might involve factor such as the external environment of the society especially, the method resource available in the society are being used by the company for instance the workers in the organization as mentioned above. In addition, recently the greenhouse and carbon print impact have raised serious importance in UK and both government and non-governmental have effected how organizations perform in the society. (Trevino and Nelson, 2010).Another main theory introduced by John Elkington, he believed that corporate responsibility and sustainability, coined the phrase in his argument with that methods by which companies measure value, should not only include financial bottom line, profit or loss but also social and environmental as well. the concept has evolved into one that’s often described as three overlapping circles, before sustainability is typically defined as the place where economy, social and environmental health overlap.
The concept of Elkington mainstreams the idea of sustainability as combines people, planet and profit. It helped organizations to understand that long term sustainability of an organizations required more than just financial equity it also helped to clarify that when business where considering what sustainability meant for them, it did not mean they had to give up the notion of financial success. But this method brought success in the turn of the century CSR, climate change and Fair trade, after years and years number of businesses’ priority was cost cutting, the hidden social and environmental costs of transferring production and services to low cost such as India and China increasingly apparent to western countries. Growing awareness of corporate practice in these areas forced, several companies Including Tesco, Primark to re consider their sourcing policies and to keep a closer eye on the ethical standards, it also encouraged the growth of the Fairtrade movement, which adds its brand to products that have been produced and traded in environmentally and socially “Fair Way”. According Ethical consumer report in June 2017 Primark has been viewed under cotton sourcing policy. The business website had an information regarding a policy on Uzbek cotton sourcing, it said in 2015 Primark signed the cotton pledge, not knowingly source of Uzbek cotton for the manufacturing of any product until Uzbek government ends “Child labour” and forced “Adult labour” on its cotton section. Ethical issues Ethical issues giving a negative impact the growth of globalization, it offers these companies to increase their profits and performance in supply chain.
Less development countries such as India, Turkey, China are the most favorite place of retail companies such as Primark, as they offer cheapest labor and material cost. However, behind such some benefits are hidden reality that are related to illegal and unethical labour experiences. Primark has been facing such problems in the last 10 years and struggling since now to manage the consequences to the brand and sales of the company whenever an unethical incident is reported.
The issue reported in 2005 when the company scored 3.5 out of 20 points on ethical index, which is measured on human’s rights and cruel practices in operations. The company continued fight against all criticism raised for unethical suppliers. (Guardian, 2009). in 2008, a BBC undercover team investigation issued a report that the working environment of labour in factories that were main suppliers of Primark were illegal and unethical.
The worst part is the investigation included that Child labour was involved in clothing production, which is the worst among all unethical practices. (BBC,2008)