ENSURING stages using Photoshop Creating Storyboarding in Photoshop

ENSURING THAT THE DRAWING CLEARLY SHOWS THE VISUAL EFFECTS AT KEYSTAGES To ensure final storyboarding we can refine finalize the Keystages using Photoshop Creating Storyboarding in PhotoshopA storyboard is a set of pictures organized and laid out so theytell a story. You can use an Adobe Photoshop template to place photos on andcreate your own storyboard. The key to a good storyboard is making sure thepictures are centered on the page and equidistant from each other.

Photoshop’sGuides application will help you. You will need math along with artistic skillsto create a good storyboard.Step 1Go to the File menu in Photoshop and select New. In the New box,choose a name for the document and select Custom from the Preset drop box.

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Input the width and height you want the storyboard to be, as well as theresolution (300 is good), and choose the color of the background contents.Step 2Import into Photoshop the photos you will use. Make sure thephotos have the same resolution as the template you just created, and know thesize of each photo. Crop them as you see fit.Step 3Go to the View menu and select New Guides. This application letsyou create guiding lines to help center the photos on your template.Step 4Create horizontal guides to help center the photos vertically.

Subtract your photo’s height from the template’s height and divide by two. Makethe first guide’s position at this number and the second guide at thetemplate’s height minus that number. (For a 7-inch photo on a 10-inch template,the guides are at 1.

5 and 8.5).Step 5Use the same position figure to create vertical guides for yourhorizontal outer borders. If you have a 20-inch wide template and a 1.

5position figure, put the guides at 1.5 and 18.5.Step 6Drag the first and last photos you are using onto the template.Center them along their respective edges using the guides.

Step 7Place the remaining photos (your “middle photos”) on thestoryboard template between the “end photos” you placed first. Youcan place more vertical guides to ensure the photos are evenly spaced. Use thenext step to find out how much space should be between each photo.

Step 8Take the combined width of your center photos, subtract that fromthe width of template space between your end photos and divide that by thenumber of middle photos plus one (divide by three if you have two middlephotos). The width of “white space” between each photo should be thatamount.Step 9Print your storyboard and/or save it as a PSD file. Repeat all ofthe above with another template if your storyboard requires multiple pages   PC3 Select methodMedia and Relevant Scale for the Drawings Types of drawingFreehand drawings, paintings or sketches – These are good forrecording the general visual effect of a building or for making personalstatements about how you feel about a place. They can be of any size and in anymedium you like. Scale drawings on graph paper These are useful forpreliminary drawings, for recording measurements as you carry out a survey, orfor planning furniture layouts in rooms or buildings which have straight lines.Curves or complicated shapes are difficult to manage. Drawings on graph paperare not suitable for display purposes because the squares make it difficult to”see” the actual drawing.

Scale drawings on plain paper If you want to make anaccurate drawing, show interesting details or the colours or textures ofmaterials on a scale drawing, use plain paper. In this case, you will have touse drawing equipment (below) to make your drawing. Computer drawings If your school has a CAD package, use a computer to make scaledrawings based on your survey measurements. Drawingequipment To make scale drawings onplain paper, you will need: Drawing board Choose a material which lets you fix yourdrawing in place with drawing pins or masking tape. It must be smooth and havestraight edges which are exactly parallel. T-square This isused for drawing horizontal lines which are absolutely level.

15 cm size 45″ and 30-60″ set-squares – Theseare used for drawing vertical and inclined lines. You could use a protractor todo this, but it is slower and more prone to move suddenly with a slightmovement of hand. Adjustable set-squares let you choose any angle you want, butthey are expensive. The small set-squares found in most sets of mathematicalinstruments are too small for architectural drawings.

Scale This looks like a ruler, but the divisionsmarked on it are in various standard proportions to actual distances – 1:10,  1:20, 1:50, 1:100 etc. Well-sharpened pencils 2H lead pencils are good for scaledrawings. They make a clean, sharp line and don’t smudge easily.A compass is sometimes useful, but most drawings can bemade without one. Drawing pins or masking tape Use these to hold yourdrawing in place while you work.If the equipment listed above is unavailable in the school, youcan still make scale drawings which are suitable for display by using tracingpaper overlaid on graph paper.

Tape the tracing paper to the graph paper andtape the two to the table-top to prevent them from slipping about. If thedrawing has to be moved before it is complete, do not detach the tracing paperfrom the graph paper – it will be almost impossible to re-position itaccurately. Types of paper – The kind of paper you need depends on thepurpose of the drawing.

Preparing a set of scale drawings from the measurementstaken on a survey is not always easy, particularly if it is a large orcomplicated building. It may take several tries to get it right. If you usecartridge paper, you will have to do a lot of rubbing out and re-drawing, soyou can end up with a messy looking sheet. Tracing paper makes it easier. Lay aclean sheet of tracing paper over your first drawing. Trace the bits you thinkare correct, and then work on the next piece of the puzzle. Repeat theseprocesses until you are satisfied that the whole building is correctly drawn.For this kind of rough work, it may be cheaper to buy a roll of detail paper.

A25-metre roll of A1 size costs about S12.00. If you want to display a drawingmade on tracing paper, pin it up with a sheet of white paper behind it. You cancolour tracing paper with pastels or coloured pencils, but put the colour onthe back of the sheet.

It will show through gently on the front and can beapplied or removed without messing up the lines drawn on the right side. Don’tpaint on tracing paper; it goes bubbly. For painting, use a sheet of suitablecartridge paper – one that hasn’t had too much rubbing out and re-drawing doneon it. If your drawing is complicated, do all your preparatory work on tracingor detail paper. Then, when you are sure that you have it all worked out, makea fresh drawing on the cartridge paper.

Drawing to scale Except when showing very small details,architectural drawings do not represent objects at their full size. Buildingsare drawn much smaller than their true size, but with all the parts in thecorrect proportion to each other, just as in the real building. This is calleddrawing to scale.The bigger the object or area really is, the smaller the scale ofthe drawing has to be. Otherwise, it would not fit on one sheet of paper.

Forexample, the drawing of a single house might be at a scale of 1:50. This meansthat 1 unit on the drawing equals 50 units on the real building. If you want todraw a plan showing all of the houses in an estate, you might choose a scale of1:200. The plan of an entire neighborhood might be at the even smaller scale of1:1000. If you wanted to show how certain pieces of the building wereconstructed, you might make a detail drawing of that part at 1:10 or even 1:5.

To make a drawing to scale, you need the actual measurements of the object anda scale rule (see Drawing equipment, above) or graph paper which you havemarked off to the scale you want. Using a scale rule Suppose you want to draw a1:50 plan of a room that is 5 metres long by 3.5 metres wide. Take your scale rule andselect the side marked 1:50. Then, use the numbers on the scale to measure outa rectangle 5 by 3.5.Colour and texture on scale drawings When you do a scale drawing, it is as though you were looking atthe building from a distance. This makes the building look smaller than itreally is.

This imaginary distance also affects colours and textures. If youlook at a building from a distance, you may not be able to make out the jointsbetween the brickwork, and where one rooftile ends and the next begins. Thedoor handle and the letter box may just be dark shapes on the front door.Something similar happens to colours.

The farther away you move the mistier orgreyish they become, like mountains viewed from a distance, or houses andfields seen from a plane. The amount and sharpness of detail you show, and thebrightness of colours on the drawings, depend on the scale of the drawing. Youcannot show a lot of detail on small-scale drawings. Bright colours which mightlook fine on a 1:50 elevation of a house may look garish if they are used forthe same house shown at a scale of 1:200 Consistencyamongst all the drawing in the sequencesConsistency- Consistencyis about creating a feeling of continuity from cell to cell, so that the viewerdoesn’t get pulled out of the story by strange changes in character, scenery orobjects.Consistency is the key in creatinga storyboard that is easy to follow.

Keep text, styles, characters, and sceneryin agreement. For example, each character and prop should be easilyrecognizable as the same character/prop in every frame. If consistency isachieved, the storyboard will be a great reference point for everyone involvedin the production.Consistencyin storyboarding means being sure to: Keep your characters colors the same through the storyboard Keep your texts’ font the same (Unless there is shouting or “noise effect” text) Stay with the same style of scenery (If you are writing about Ancient Egypt, you wouldn’t use a modern bedroom.

This is where staying in a category can come in handy) Place your title or explanation text boxes in the same place in each frame/cell (and keep them lined up using the Align tool or the gridlines) Use the same items in a storyboard if shown in multiple cells (i.e. don’t switch vacuums between one cell and another unless they are supposed to be two different vacuums)

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