ENGLEWOOD, NEW JERSEY
Englewood located in Bergen County, New
Jersey has a population of 28,500 people, the population is 100% urban with no
rural area. Englewood is surrounded Englewood Cliffs borough, Teaneck, Tenafly
borough, Leonia borough, Bergenfield borough, Fort Lee borough, Bogota borough
and Cresskill borough. Neighbourhoods in Englewood are Downtown Shopping area,
East Hill neighbourhood and Englewood South neighbourhood.
The average age of Englewood residents is
39 Yrs. who earn about $81,809 per household which is relatively high than the
rest of New Jersey. Englewood residents have education above high school with
47% of them having received a bachelor’s degree. The unemployment rates are
lower than the state average of 5.4%. The poverty level of Englewood is around
11.5% which is relatively low compared to the other neighbouring counties in
DRUG AND SUBSTANCE ABUSE
Englewood has a relatively lower crime
index of 117.7 compared to the national crime index of 280.5. This makes
Englewood relatively safer than other parts of New Jersey. Most of the arrests
related to drugs and substance abuse in Englewood involve crack cocaine, alcohol,
marijuana, “molly” – a form of ecstasy and heroin. These drug related
activities have increased the crime rate in this area. These are also the major
causes for detox and rehab for drug users in this area with alcohol and marijuana
topping the list with 27% and 34% respectively from substance abuse admissions,
followed by heroin at 16% and cocaine/crack at 13%. New Jersey is a hot spot
for drug trade and abuse because of its proximity to major drug trafficking
areas like New York, Philadelphia and Camden.
Due to the high drug trafficking affecting
New Jersey, there are some tough laws in place to deal with these offences
which are also enacted in Englewood. These New Jersey drug laws relate to
marijuana, addiction treatment, blood borne Disease Harm Reduction and drug
court program that has been around since 1996.
ADDICTION TREATMENT IN ENGLEWOOD.
The first step with every addiction is to
accept that there is an addiction problem in the first place in order to start
looking for treatment options. The support system around the addict should be
strong in order to fully help the addict to recover because the process can be
gruelling on the individual.
The biggest hurdle with addiction treatment
is financing and any financial options available. In Englewood most of the
centres accept insurance and private pay. Some offer affordable payment
programs for those who feel like treatment is too expensive. Englewood does not
have many treatment centres as compared to other parts of New Jersey. Despite
this the city offers many options, both low cost and luxury.
This is the process of accepting that there
is an addiction present, how far along the addiction is, how often it has been
reoccurring. The cause and environment of the addiction will also be assessed.
Also noted is the condition of the addicts’ other medical issues apart from the
addiction that is chronic conditions, sexually transmitted diseases and
physical disabilities. Any legal issues affecting the addict are checked into
Assessment determines the level of support
the addict gets from the family and people around them during and after
treatment. Assessment find out the individual needs of the addict and it
continues throughout the treatment process and after, always changing depending
on how the addict is responding to the recovery process.
After narrowing down the list based on
one’s finances then it is best to communicate individually with the viable
recovery centres. Intake is basically the process of ascertaining whether a specific
recovery centre is a good fit for the addict. This is done best by calling the
centre or visiting them and asking questions relating to what precise
information you are searching for, if you are comfortable with their services
and if they are the right fit for you.
Some of the things that might make a centre
attractive to you might be facility’s financial payment plans, comforts, food,
and quality of housing, recreational activities, allowed or restricted
visitations. The centre will also have questions for you in order to ensure
that you are a good match for them too. This process is the same through
inpatient and outpatient facilities.
In Englewood treatment centres provide drug
Treatment, medical detox, rehab educational services, recovery meetings in
inpatient and outpatient programs. After assessment a treatment plan is created
custom to the addict which will determine if the patient will be enrolled in
either inpatient or outpatient program.
Outpatient programs are ideal for people
who have realised their addiction problem earlier on and want to overcome this
problem. Outpatient means that the addict gets to go home and continue with
daily life after treatment every day. This program is generally cheaper and is
preferred by people who are the main caregivers at home and can’t stay away
Outpatient programs include therapy and
partial hospitalization. The choice for suitability of whatever program is
entirely dependent on the level of addiction and individual needs.
Partial hospitalization involves spending
more than five hours in the hospital or treatment centre everyday where the
recovering addict’s progress is strictly monitored and tracked. This treatment
may be intensive so the living conditions for the recovering addict should be
stable and people involved in the recovery process should be dependable.
Therapy is not generally considered a
blanket recovery option. It is typically incorporated with other treatment
procedures as support to the other outpatient and inpatient programs. Therapy
ensures the recovering addict identifies the cause of the problem and the
different healthier ways of copying without resorting to addictions.
Therapy is also a good way for the
recovering addict to rebuild damaged relationships with the family and other
loved ones. The family and loved ones should also undergo therapy so as to
smoothen the re-entry into society for the recovering addict.
Flexibility- outpatient programs work
around the daily schedule of the addict so the patient never falls behind on
what is going around them or their loved ones making sure they are living as
normal as possible. Flexibility also means that there is quick change of
treatment plans when desired results are not being realised.
Support- family and loved ones give the
best kind of support for a recovering addict. Wit outpatient programs, one can
experience this first hand every day and this goes a long way in helping the
recovery process; therefore reducing the chance of relapses.
Cost- as stated earlier outpatient programs
are relatively cheaper compared to inpatient programs. Cost plays the biggest
role when choosing treatment options so outpatient is agreed upon because it is
less costly. For Englewood their programs are a bit expensive compared to other
parts of New Jersey.
Inpatient means the recovering addict stays
in the treatment facility for a specific period of time without the option of
going anywhere until the duration of inpatient treatment is over. Again this
treatment option is chosen for the addict if it is the best way forward against
addiction. Inpatient can be short term or long term.
Short term inpatient programs can keep the
patient for a period of about 30-90 days. These programs concentrate on
abstinence, medical stabilization and lifestyle changes. They are also suitable
for people who are not that far along in their addiction. Short term is also
agreeable to people who can break away for a short time for instance students
who have summer as their only long term break before going back to school.
Long term inpatient programs can last for
as long as a year maybe more depending on the recovery of the patient. The
recovering addicts are monitored around the clock in the drug free environment.
The treatment plans are more rigid and slow in showing results if effected in
shorter periods, ultimately they will show desired results if done under longer
lengths of time.
of inpatient program
It is noted that patients who stay in long
treatment programs are better placed in staying sober compared to others. So
this can be taken into consideration when coming up with a treatment.
The recovering addict is completely removed
from the toxic environment that might have led to addiction.
This is the process of firm withdrawal from
the cause of addiction in a medically controlled environment. Drug and
substances addiction will lead to agonising withdrawal symptoms such as
seizures and extreme dehydration that need to be strictly monitored by the
doctors during recovery. Detox is formulated to address the physical dependence
of the drugs in the body and removal of the toxic contents left by the
Detox is practised in both inpatient and
outpatient programs whereby inpatient detox patients have round the clock care
with close monitoring from doctors which in the long run may speed up the
process of detoxification. Outpatient detox may be rapid that may take 3 days
to be complete, making it faster and less costly.
The type of detox program to choose
entirely depends on the conditions surrounding the addiction such as the drug
of choice, history of the abuse, age of the patient, other medical conditions
and psychological concerns.
Detox program is customised for each
patient once treatment is sought out. Assessment is done to determine the level
of medication required and the long term treatment plan. Once the withdrawals
kick in the physicians and councillors provide support and may encourage other
addiction treatments to reduce the withdrawal symptoms. Withdrawal symptoms
include mood changes, anxiety, depression, nausea and vomiting and
The length of detox program depends on the
drug being used and the will of the patient. It can be three of five days in
alcohol detox, 72 hours for cocaine and marijuana, seven days for heroin and
opioids. These are the detox periods of the drugs in Englewood and its
The side effects of detox is both physical
and psychological as the chemicals alter the physical and mental capabilities
of the body.
After the intensive detox the patient needs
a support system that will ensure no relapses in the future. These meetings
keep the patient centred and focused on recovery. The meeting bring together
patients undergoing recovery depending on the drug they were depending on and
basically talk about their lives post addiction; the challenges they are facing
and how they are overcoming them in a healthy way. The patients relate the
different lifestyle changes they have had to adapt to after addiction.
These meetings are a complement that
follows one on one therapy, they are actually considered a form of group
therapy sessions. Anonymity is very important during these meetings, they give
the patients freedom during the interactions but still maintaining their
privacy. The meetings are mostly outpatient but can incorporated in long
inpatient programs. The recovery meetings available in Englewood and its
environs are Narcotics Anonymous (NA), Alcohol Anonymous (AA), and Marijuana
Compared to other parts of New Jersey
State, Englewood has a low drug and substance abuse recording minimal
admissions in treatment centres and lower crime related drug activities.