ENGLEWOOD, at 16% and cocaine/crack at 13%. New

ENGLEWOOD, NEW JERSEYEnglewood located in Bergen County, NewJersey has a population of 28,500 people, the population is 100% urban with norural area. Englewood is surrounded Englewood Cliffs borough, Teaneck, Tenaflyborough, Leonia borough, Bergenfield borough, Fort Lee borough, Bogota boroughand Cresskill borough. Neighbourhoods in Englewood are Downtown Shopping area,East Hill neighbourhood and Englewood South neighbourhood.

The average age of Englewood residents is39 Yrs. who earn about $81,809 per household which is relatively high than therest of New Jersey. Englewood residents have education above high school with47% of them having received a bachelor’s degree. The unemployment rates arelower than the state average of 5.4%. The poverty level of Englewood is around11.5% which is relatively low compared to the other neighbouring counties inthe state. DRUG AND SUBSTANCE ABUSEEnglewood has a relatively lower crimeindex of 117.

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7 compared to the national crime index of 280.5. This makesEnglewood relatively safer than other parts of New Jersey. Most of the arrestsrelated to drugs and substance abuse in Englewood involve crack cocaine, alcohol,marijuana, “molly” – a form of ecstasy and heroin. These drug relatedactivities have increased the crime rate in this area. These are also the majorcauses for detox and rehab for drug users in this area with alcohol and marijuanatopping the list with 27% and 34% respectively from substance abuse admissions,followed by heroin at 16% and cocaine/crack at 13%.

New Jersey is a hot spotfor drug trade and abuse because of its proximity to major drug traffickingareas like New York, Philadelphia and Camden.Due to the high drug trafficking affectingNew Jersey, there are some tough laws in place to deal with these offenceswhich are also enacted in Englewood. These New Jersey drug laws relate tomarijuana, addiction treatment, blood borne Disease Harm Reduction and drugcourt program that has been around since 1996.ADDICTION TREATMENT IN ENGLEWOOD.The first step with every addiction is toaccept that there is an addiction problem in the first place in order to startlooking for treatment options.

The support system around the addict should bestrong in order to fully help the addict to recover because the process can begruelling on the individual. The biggest hurdle with addiction treatmentis financing and any financial options available. In Englewood most of thecentres accept insurance and private pay. Some offer affordable paymentprograms for those who feel like treatment is too expensive. Englewood does nothave many treatment centres as compared to other parts of New Jersey. Despitethis the city offers many options, both low cost and luxury.ASSESSMENT.This is the process of accepting that thereis an addiction present, how far along the addiction is, how often it has beenreoccurring.

The cause and environment of the addiction will also be assessed.Also noted is the condition of the addicts’ other medical issues apart from theaddiction that is chronic conditions, sexually transmitted diseases andphysical disabilities. Any legal issues affecting the addict are checked intoas well.

Assessment determines the level of supportthe addict gets from the family and people around them during and aftertreatment. Assessment find out the individual needs of the addict and itcontinues throughout the treatment process and after, always changing dependingon how the addict is responding to the recovery process.  INTAKE.After narrowing down the list based onone’s finances then it is best to communicate individually with the viablerecovery centres.

Intake is basically the process of ascertaining whether a specificrecovery centre is a good fit for the addict. This is done best by calling thecentre or visiting them and asking questions relating to what preciseinformation you are searching for, if you are comfortable with their servicesand if they are the right fit for you. Some of the things that might make a centreattractive to you might be facility’s financial payment plans, comforts, food,and quality of housing, recreational activities, allowed or restrictedvisitations. The centre will also have questions for you in order to ensurethat you are a good match for them too. This process is the same throughinpatient and outpatient facilities.AMENITIES In Englewood treatment centres provide drugTreatment, medical detox, rehab educational services, recovery meetings ininpatient and outpatient programs. After assessment a treatment plan is createdcustom to the addict which will determine if the patient will be enrolled ineither inpatient or outpatient program.OUTPATIENT PROGRAMS.

Outpatient programs are ideal for peoplewho have realised their addiction problem earlier on and want to overcome thisproblem. Outpatient means that the addict gets to go home and continue withdaily life after treatment every day. This program is generally cheaper and ispreferred by people who are the main caregivers at home and can’t stay awayfrom work.Outpatient programs include therapy andpartial hospitalization.

The choice for suitability of whatever program isentirely dependent on the level of addiction and individual needs.PartialHospitalization.Partial hospitalization involves spendingmore than five hours in the hospital or treatment centre everyday where therecovering addict’s progress is strictly monitored and tracked. This treatmentmay be intensive so the living conditions for the recovering addict should bestable and people involved in the recovery process should be dependable.Therapy.Therapy is not generally considered ablanket recovery option.

It is typically incorporated with other treatmentprocedures as support to the other outpatient and inpatient programs. Therapyensures the recovering addict identifies the cause of the problem and thedifferent healthier ways of copying without resorting to addictions.Therapy is also a good way for therecovering addict to rebuild damaged relationships with the family and otherloved ones. The family and loved ones should also undergo therapy so as tosmoothen the re-entry into society for the recovering addict.Benefitsof outpatient.

Flexibility- outpatient programs workaround the daily schedule of the addict so the patient never falls behind onwhat is going around them or their loved ones making sure they are living asnormal as possible. Flexibility also means that there is quick change oftreatment plans when desired results are not being realised.  Support- family and loved ones give thebest kind of support for a recovering addict.

Wit outpatient programs, one canexperience this first hand every day and this goes a long way in helping therecovery process; therefore reducing the chance of relapses.Cost- as stated earlier outpatient programsare relatively cheaper compared to inpatient programs. Cost plays the biggestrole when choosing treatment options so outpatient is agreed upon because it isless costly. For Englewood their programs are a bit expensive compared to otherparts of New Jersey. INPATIENT PROGRAMS.Inpatient means the recovering addict staysin the treatment facility for a specific period of time without the option ofgoing anywhere until the duration of inpatient treatment is over. Again thistreatment option is chosen for the addict if it is the best way forward againstaddiction. Inpatient can be short term or long term.

ShorttermShort term inpatient programs can keep thepatient for a period of about 30-90 days. These programs concentrate onabstinence, medical stabilization and lifestyle changes. They are also suitablefor people who are not that far along in their addiction. Short term is alsoagreeable to people who can break away for a short time for instance studentswho have summer as their only long term break before going back to school.

LongtermLong term inpatient programs can last foras long as a year maybe more depending on the recovery of the patient. Therecovering addicts are monitored around the clock in the drug free environment.The treatment plans are more rigid and slow in showing results if effected inshorter periods, ultimately they will show desired results if done under longerlengths of time.

Benefitsof inpatient programIt is noted that patients who stay in longtreatment programs are better placed in staying sober compared to others. Sothis can be taken into consideration when coming up with a treatment.The recovering addict is completely removedfrom the toxic environment that might have led to addiction.DETOXThis is the process of firm withdrawal fromthe cause of addiction in a medically controlled environment. Drug andsubstances addiction will lead to agonising withdrawal symptoms such asseizures and extreme dehydration that need to be strictly monitored by thedoctors during recovery. Detox is formulated to address the physical dependenceof the drugs in the body and removal of the toxic contents left by thechemicals.

Detox is practised in both inpatient andoutpatient programs whereby inpatient detox patients have round the clock carewith close monitoring from doctors which in the long run may speed up theprocess of detoxification. Outpatient detox may be rapid that may take 3 daysto be complete, making it faster and less costly.The type of detox program to chooseentirely depends on the conditions surrounding the addiction such as the drugof choice, history of the abuse, age of the patient, other medical conditionsand psychological concerns.   Detox program is customised for eachpatient once treatment is sought out. Assessment is done to determine the levelof medication required and the long term treatment plan.

Once the withdrawalskick in the physicians and councillors provide support and may encourage otheraddiction treatments to reduce the withdrawal symptoms. Withdrawal symptomsinclude mood changes, anxiety, depression, nausea and vomiting andirritability.The length of detox program depends on thedrug being used and the will of the patient. It can be three of five days inalcohol detox, 72 hours for cocaine and marijuana, seven days for heroin andopioids.

These are the detox periods of the drugs in Englewood and itsenvirons.The side effects of detox is both physicaland psychological as the chemicals alter the physical and mental capabilitiesof the body.RECOVERY MEETINGS.

After the intensive detox the patient needsa support system that will ensure no relapses in the future. These meetingskeep the patient centred and focused on recovery. The meeting bring togetherpatients undergoing recovery depending on the drug they were depending on andbasically talk about their lives post addiction; the challenges they are facingand how they are overcoming them in a healthy way.

The patients relate thedifferent lifestyle changes they have had to adapt to after addiction. These meetings are a complement thatfollows one on one therapy, they are actually considered a form of grouptherapy sessions. Anonymity is very important during these meetings, they givethe patients freedom during the interactions but still maintaining theirprivacy.

The meetings are mostly outpatient but can incorporated in longinpatient programs. The recovery meetings available in Englewood and itsenvirons are Narcotics Anonymous (NA), Alcohol Anonymous (AA), and MarijuanaAnonymous (MA).Compared to other parts of New JerseyState, Englewood has a low drug and substance abuse recording minimaladmissions in treatment centres and lower crime related drug activities. 


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