Energy security and decarbonisation are two importantchallenges of today energy sector in the European Union (EU).
Due to the supplyuncertainties and price fluctuations of the fossil fuels, big revolutions areoccurring in energy systems at the national, regional and local levels in theframe of integrated programs such as Energy Union, SET-Plan, and EU Horizon2020. The technological development of renewable energy resources provide thepossibility of competitiveness at the large scales. In addition, energy systemsare moving towards smart systems that form dynamics and interactive networks inorder to provide tailored solutions for responding to local or regionalrequirements (Bazyd?o and Wermi?ski, 2018).
. Therefore, flexibility and resiliency of energy systems is of crucialimportance in the EU. Alongside thetechnological development, social-economic aspects of energy consumers are alsoaffecting the energy system polices. While renewables and advances inefficiency technologies provide new regulatory, policy schemes, legislative,and business structures, they change the traditional structure of energy ecosystemsand have feedbacks from social, behavioral, cultural, lifestyle, and economicsaspects.
This feedbacks can be analyzed from macro, meso, and micro levels(ECHOES report, 2017) (Li and Pye, 2018). Those transitions increase the needfor comprehensive studies in energy from local and global consumers and marketsat the different units of analysis such as individual, collevetive, and formal.This research is to add knowledge on the dynamics of decisionmaking process at the formal social units in order to consider theeffectiveness of the integrated energy polices and regulatory instrumentstransparency. The purpose is to analyze the readiness level of EU consumers andbusiness markets for EU energy transition process in terms of policy andregulatory instruments. Therefore, the scope is limited to the policy andregulatory analysis of the technological foci of ECHOES project from economicperformance, competitiveness, and creating shared value (CSV) viewpoints.
1. Problem StatementAccording to the first vision of Energy Union, EU countries depend on eachother to deliver secure and resilient energy to their citizens, based on truesolidarity and trust (Energy Union, 2015). The key drivers to achieve this arethe completion of the internal energy market and more efficient energyconsumption and it depends on more transparency as well as on more solidarity. Accordingto the strategy #5, facilitating the participation of EU consumers in theenergy transition through smart grids, smart home appliances, clean transport, efficientenergy systems, and home automation systems have been emphasized. Achieving tosuch goal and visions need a comprehensive approach in energy systems anddecision making process with different lens such as economic, competitiveness,social, behavioral, culture. There are considerable amounts of researches on energytechnologies and viewpoints such as technical, economic, and social acceptancesof the energy technologies, sources, and polices.
For example, from energyefficiency aspect, along with decrease in energy consumption, researches on thepolicy analysis of the feedbacks from individual, collective, and social levelshave been done. However, to achieve the strategies and action plans of EUpolicies such as Energy Unions, there are shortcomings related to interfacebetween energy policymaking and human behavior from competitiveness and creating shared value(CSV) aspects.