Egypt is located in Northeastern Africa.
According to research of Egyptian mythology, a possible conclusion that the relationship to their location and the elements that surround them is a product of Egyptians’ strong attitude towards nature and geography. A basic theme of this mythology of the striking contrast of the fertile land given by the nile, and the dry desert that surrounded it. The Nile was considered a miracle to the civilization. For example, the Nile River is considered a Gift modernly because it allowed them to have a surplus, as its banks were fertile and capable of producing abundant harvests. The myths found from this culture displays a clear evidence of geography it’s the efficiency of the civilization. For instance, The Myth of Osiris and Isis shows the betrayal of family, and the story of Osiris, the pharaoh, became the god of the dead. The death of Osiris occurred when his brother, Set, pushed him into the Nile river.
The Nile was also an important production resource for the Egyptians. ” a great wave lifted it over the shingle and cast it into the heart of a young tamarisk tree growing near the shore.”(Green 25) The tree wrapped around the coffin, and there was the birth of the infamous tree. The wood had an intriguing fragrance, although people didn’t know the dead pharaoh was in it.
Isis set out to find Osiris, with the thought “…until the proper funeral rites were performed his spirit could not be free to enter the Duat, the Land of the Dead.”(Green) “beautifully decorated chest floating down the Nile”(Green 26). The Nile of was the carrying of lifefhfuibewuifbuiewf .
Set found that Isis still had Osiris corpse and cut up pieces of him and spread it throughout the Nile. “For she found all but one piece, which had fallen into the Nile and been eaten by certain fishes who were accursed for ever after.”(Green 29 ) Because of his death and resurrection, Osiris was associated with the flooding and retreating of the Nile. This can give a further depiction of how the Nile river was powerful enough to take away a pharaoh’s life; the Nile river symbolizes the grief of Isis, who was unaware of her husband’s death while on the search for him. “There he became the King of the Dead, welcoming all those whom the Judges of the Dead found worthy to enter his kingdom, and adding them to his army of the blessed with whom he would return to reign on earth after the last great battle with Seth.
“(Green 36) Osiris was declared to have lived a pure and truthful life. From there Osiris went to the Seat of Judgment, where he, in turn, was allowed to judge the souls of the dead. The Ancient Egyptians also believed Osiris had the power to give new life and to control the Nile River.
Furthermore, this balance of the Nile River to the Egyptian Civilization would be the key to their prosperity, and their religion would be based greatly on worshipping the power that allows for this balance.In addition, the Seven Years’ Famine describes a seven year time period in which no little food was produced in Egypt. In the myth, the king of Ancient Egypt asks his governor Mater to find out who was the God of the Nile and where it rose. Mater described how the floods came from the Island of Elephantine and the God Khnemu controlled when and when not to flood the Nile. The king then called for tribute to be made to Khnemu. Khnemu appeared before Mater and said he would make the Nile flood again, and bring prosperity back to Egypt. When the God left the King remembered how Knemu was complaining that no one had bothered to repair his shrine, so he issued a decree that every Egyptian would be taxed to create and maintain a separate piece of land by the Nile that would be the Gods new shrine.
This myth shows the Egyptians value of respect to the Gods and the shrines they made. The moral of this myth was to be respectful of the Gods in general and their shrines.