Effortsto combat and understand the obesity epidemic frequently focus on the builtenvironment.
The built environment has features such as recreationalfacilities, parks, and condensed mixed-use neighborhoods where populaces canwalk to offices and stores (VonHippel& Benson, 2014). These featuresencourage people to undertake various physical activities that reduce thechances of becoming obese. Although the effect of built environment features onobesity is not clear, constant physical activities reduce the chances of beingobese. By contrast, expansive built environments, with small public place andmany destinations accessible merely by cars discourage various physicalactivities and enhance sedentary indoor practices that may lead to obesity.Upsurges in sprawl have been linked to a rise in obesity prevalence in the US,but the sprawl process started years before obesity prevalence began toescalate in the 1980s(Von Hippel& Benson, 2014). It is evident that built environmentand natural environment have a clear relationship with obesity. For instance,obesity is more prevalent in areas that are hot during the month of July orcold during the month of January. Equally, various studies show that obesity ismore prevalent in areas that rainy year-round or dark in January (VonHippel& Benson, 2014).
Furthermore, the association between naturalenvironment and obesity was facilitated by peoples’ physical activity, but notby their diet.Onthe other hand, individuals’ food environment has grown to the extent that itencourages higher intake of calories. It is evident that many people likeeating foodstuffs with high calories making obesity prevalence a great problemin the US. Convenience is currently a way of life for various families andindividuals (Myers, Slack, Martin, Broyles &Heymsfield, 2016). Today, thereis a tremendous rise in foods consumed away from homes which could contributeto the growth of obesity prevalence. For instance, there are so manyestablishments selling fast food in the US as well as tendencies of selectingmore calorie compact and nutrient poor foods have increased.
ManagementTechniques to deal with obesity in healthcare settingThehealthcare management technique utilized in the healthcare setting to manageobesity includes the development of population-based strategies that encouragesindividuals to maintain normal body weight. These strategies primarily targetsfactors that contributes to increased rates of obesity including socioeconomicfactors, environmental factors, and personal factors. For instance, thehealthcare management has designed policies that aim at preventing obesity bytargeting physical activity environment, food environments as well associoeconomic environments (Chan & Woo, 2010). Additionally, the policiesinfluence an individual behavior and supports clinical interventions and healthservices. In fact, professionals at the healthcare setting channel their focusat encouraging their clients to take part in physical activities and minimizetheir sedentary lifestyle. Additionally,the healthcare settings are transforming their nutritional environment byenhancing easy access to healthful and affordable foods. Regardlessthe above techniques, healthcare professionals comprehend that obesity andoverweight reduction or prevention entails lifestyle transformation viabehavioral changes at personal level.
Therefore, policy alone cannot prevent orreduce obesity. On the contrary, it promotes the process of addressing obesitythrough lifestyle modification. For instance, the emergence of technology hasresulted in reduced physical activity because people at work or home spend muchof their time on the internet chatting with friends or accomplishing varioustasks. As a result, it becomes increasinglydifficult for individuals to balance work life, academic life, and taking partin physical activities. For this reason, preventing obesity is an individualeffort because they have to implement health promotional efforts and advice (Chan& Woo, 2010).