Economical and is an all-seater stadium after

Economical and Geographical Theory

The need for Perth to
have a new Stadium

One such reason why it is important to build a larger
stadium is that, Subiaco Oval is the home ground of two AFL teams, the West
Coast Eagles and the Fremantle Dockers. The current capacity of the stadium is
43,500 and is an all-seater stadium after major renovation works were completed
in 1999. The stadium’s largest tenant, the West Coast Eagles Football Club, has
a membership base of over 55,000. With the stadium’s capacity of 43,500, the
vast majority (39,000) of these seats are allocated to seated club members
(Krol 2010). With only around 3,000 tickets available to the general public,
these tickets are usually snapped up within hours of going on sale, and it
results in almost all games being sell-outs and making it incredibly hard for
the increasingly growing population of Perth to attend a match if they want to
without a membership ticket. There is also around 9,000-10,000 club members on
the waiting list for a seated membership (West Coast Eagles Football Club 2013)
at the stadium who are unable to obtain regular seats at a match. The high
demand is also pushing up costs of tickets and club memberships. As a result of
the high demand for seats and tickets at a sporting event at Subiaco Oval and the
inherent inability to supply the demand, the current stadium has reached its
capacity (and has done for some years now), and the need for a new stadium in
the city has become glaringly obvious to the entire population of Perth.

The impacts

Environmental impact

During the preparation of the Preliminary Project Plan,
environmental characteristics of the proposed precinct were investigated
through desktop environmental assessments, a preliminary site investigation, a
sampling & analysis plan and a flora and fauna survey. The results of the
investigations revealed that the major environmental concerns to be considered
on the Burswood Peninsula are mainly associated with the contamination of the
site due to the previous/historical land usage. The landfill depths at the site
have in the past been discovered to be as deep as 8 metres in some sections The
flora and fauna survey of the site and the existing Burswood Public Golf Course
have identified a number of protected species of bird in the area, specifically
the Carnaby’s Cockatoo and migratory birds. There is no native vegetation in
the area that has a classification of a protective species, nor are there any
exotic introduced species that have protected status within the Burswood
Peninsula. The status of the protected species of birds was however not
considered an impediment to the new development of the Perth Stadium Precinct
in the Burswood Peninsula area, as has been the outcome of discussions with the
Environmental Protection Authority.

Transportation issues

The Burswood Peninsula is currently subject to servicing by
major roads, rail and bus routes. However, this existing transportation
servicing is far from adequate to support 60,000 to 70,000 spectators in a
timely and efficient manner. This problem was identified early in the project
definition as one of the potential drawbacks of the site. In response, a
multi-modal transport strategy has been developed, with limited on-site parking
but a high emphasis on public transport and extensive public parking facilities
in the nearby East Perth region and Perth CBD area. The main elements of the
public strategy include the following aspects.

6.8.1 Rail It is
estimated that approximately 59% of patrons could be transported away from the
stadium by rail within the first hour, utilising nearby Belmont Park Train
Station that has been upgraded, and the existing East Perth Train Station
further away. Belmont Park Train Station is presently a single platform
station. The transport strategy has identified significant upgrades to the
station, including upgrading to a three-platform facility, with the capability
of accommodating a nine car train for approximately 28,000 people. The East
Perth Train Station is within a 25 minute walk to the stadium, with the
potential to attract up to 7,500 people mainly travelling directly in a south
or east direction that will not have to contend with transfers at the Perth
City Train Station.

6.8.2 Bus A bus
service for events is proposed to service suburbs that are not serviced or
accessible by rail. An estimated 120 buses would contribute to this service,
accommodating up to 8,200 expected patrons. A major traffic study has indicated
that the volume of traffic generated by the stadium will not warrant major road
upgrades as most patrons are expected to utilise public transport to the
stadium. However road improvements such as roundabouts and the upgrade of
intersections near the stadium and casino would be beneficial to the traffic
flow in the area.

6.8.3 Parking It
is expected that parking at the stadium and in immediate surrounding areas will
be very limited as an emphasis is placed on the use of public transport to the
stadium itself. Parking for emergency services vehicles, stadium operations,
staff and associated visitors ix expected to be limited to around 250 within
the stadium itself, and only an additional 700 bays within the sporting
precinct surrounding the stadium. There is an expectancy that around 20,000
spectators will source parking in additional surrounding areas outside the sporting
precinct, such as car parks within East Perth or the Perth CBD and then walk to
the stadium. Averaging 2.5 persons per car, this would lead to a requirement of
about 8,000 parking bays. An investigation by the Department of Planning
identified that there would be around 40,000 car bays in the surrounding areas
of the stadium, which illustrates the magnitude of the supply of parking bays
and that there should be more than sufficient car parking facilities to
accommodate this demand.

6.8.4 Pedestrians
A major analysis of the distribution of spectators from the stadium was
undertaken as part of the Project Definition Plan. Figure 6.4 and Figure 6.5
shows a Ped-Shed analysis (walkable catchment area) of the proposed stadium on
the Burswood Peninsula. Figure 6.4 takes into account the existing arrangement,
while Figure 6.5 includes a proposed new footbridge over the river, connecting
the Burswood Peninsula to East Perth. The colours indicate the distance a
person will walk from the stadium at 5 minute intervals. Comparison of the two
analyses highlights the benefits of constructing a pedestrian footbridge over
the Swan River to accommodate spectators and boost the number of patrons
heading to the CBD and improve the local economy including at bars and restaurants
in the vicinity. The proposed footbridge will also minimise the impact on the
existing East Perth residential area as it will not act as a thoroughfare like
it were to be should the bridge not be constructed. It also provides an
opportunity to create linkages between the existing pedestrian and cycling
networks in the East Perth and Burswood Peninsula areas. The analysis can also
apply for spectators heading to the stadium prior to the event, and the
benefits of the footbridge can be seen here as well for any people utilising
parking in East Perth or the CBD, or catching public transport to the CBD and
walking across.

Social and economic
issues

By moving the location of the major stadium within Perth,
the economic benefits of such a stadium to the local community also move with
that. At the existing stadium in Subiaco, the numerous bars, restaurants and
businesses all greatly benefit economically from the influx of patrons to the
area on match days. During the AFL season of 2017, businesses benefitted
immensely from the patrons from the nearby Subiaco Oval and the joviality that
followed the associated match wins of the local team. Some businesses in the
area estimate that at least 30% of their income is owed to the draw of these big-ticket
games (Preston 2017), and with Subiaco Oval set to cease as a destination for
national sporting events such as the AFL, many businesses will need to turn to
different tactics to try and recoup the inevitable loss of income that will
follow. Conversely, with the addition of the new Perth Stadium on the Burswood
Peninsula, local businesses will receive expectant trade increases during event
days. For some, it means businesses on the other side of the pedestrian bridge
near East Perth and the Perth CBD will be benefitted from this relocation. The
main beneficiary however will most likely be the nearby Crown Casino and
Entertainment complex on the Burswood Peninsula. During events, much of the
crowd will be expected to disperse towards the complex to patronize the Casino
as well as its many bars and restaurants. The unfortunate downside of this is
the argument that the Casino will receive the economic benefits of the influx
of patrons to the area, which is perhaps the last type of business that would
need this kind of free foot traffic being funneled through its doors as it can
generate problems within society related to gambling addiction. Local bars and
restaurants may not necessarily receive much of the increase in trade during
these times which is a disappointing aspect of the choice of location for the
new Perth Stadium on the Burswood Peninsula. In addition, the cost of the
Stadium is expected to reach upwards of $1 billion, as shown in Table 6.2. Of
this required capital, the majority of this funding will be from the state
government, with some from organisations such as the AFL and potentially the
federal government, however none of this funding will come from the Burswood
Casino or its owners, leaving the Australian taxpayers to foot the bill for the
stadium whilst a business such as the Crown Casino and Entertainment Complex
that will benefit immensely from this stadium is not contributing to the costs.
This is a point of contention somewhat within the Perth community, as there is
the potential for the overall costs to blow out and the funding for this will
be expected to be sourced from other needy or worthwhile state government
projects, hindering those projects and the overall finances of the state of
Western Australia.

Mention golf course
impact

Make up an interview

The possibility of no
profit

Use data anaylsis

Sustainability focus

Though it is yet to be constructed, the new Perth Stadium
will have a high focus on environmentally sustainable design. In a Project
Brief Overview document released by the Department of Sport and Recreation (2013),
the stadium is set to be ‘a shining example of an efficient and sustainable
sporting facility, befitting of a world-class stadium’ (Department of Sport and
Recreation 2017). As part of this efficient and sustainable stadium, it will
incorporate the following design and construction features:

· A
minimal impact on the surrounding environment during construction and ongoing
operation.

·
Promotion of efficiency in its design.

 · Minimisation of
greenhouse gas and carbon emissions, waste generation and water consumption. Provision
of avenues for expansion in the future.

 · Reduction of dependency
of vehicles by providing extensive facilities for pedestrians, cyclists and
public transport.

·
Minimisation of energy consumption throughout the construction process as well
as the ongoing operational processes through the use of natural light, natural
ventilation, solar energy and low energy fixtures.

·
Maximisation of recycling during both construction and operation.

Whilst it is too early to evaluate all of these options in a
case study as the stadium is yet to be constructed, following the examples of
stadia such as the Barclays Center in Brooklyn (see Section 5.9.3) in its
sustainability focus will put the new Perth Stadium in good stead for such a
high focus on sustainable construction and operations aspects.

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