During rulers for their loses. They faced economic

During the early 20th century, Germany was facing a conflict that would change its history tremendously. At this time, political conflict in the country was at a peak as the first world war was coming to a close. With the signing of the Treaty of Versailles, Germany was forced to take the blame for the entire war and in turn, obtained a controversial relationship with its rivals; the victors of World War I. The German population felt humiliation and blamed their own rulers for their loses. They faced economic downfall from the amount of debt they owed and were subject to hyperinflation and a major increase in unemployment. From this conflict between the elite aristocrats and the general population, sprouted the German Revolution, a year-long clash of power leading to the abdication of Kaiser Wilhelm II. Which in turn, replaced the German monarchy with a democratic parliament known as the Weimar Republic. Many political parties were formed during this time, whose goals were to create the ideal Germany. One of these parties was the German Communist Party, otherwise known as the KPD.    The Communist Party of Germany was formed in December of 1918. It was aided by a conflict between two major left-wing parties at the time, the MSPD, and the USPD. Several radicals of the USPD teamed up with ‘Spartacist League’ and formed the KPD. At its earliest, the Communist Party was led by Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg. Together they committed to attempting to seize control of the German government and create a superior government for the country. During the beginning of its campaign, the KPD had a hard time winning over the German population. The party tried to appeal to the working class, as this rank would logically blame business leaders for the burst of unemployment present at the time. Unfortunately, this did not turn out as planned. The same situation occurred with feminist and Semitic groups. Even while having the only prominent woman party leaders and most female candidates for office, they did not gain the support of feminist groups. These hardships continued while the party gained its reputation.    In January 1919, a major revolt took place in Berlin; the Spartacist Uprising. After the firing of a chief of police who supported the USPD, a demonstration was planned. What was supposed to be a small protest, quickly escalated into a full-blown uprising, attracting the attention of many political parties, including Socialist Party members. On the morning of the 5th, hundreds of thousands of armed protesters crowded the streets of Berlin. Unfortunately, the riot the Spartacists caused was not taken kindly by other parties, and many of them called for an increase in Freikorps in the city and even the killing of many KPD members. The two leaders, Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg formed a strike, attempting to persuade other parties and groups to join their side, however, it turned out to be another failed attempt. Soon after, the Spartacist League had exhausted all their options and turned to their supporters to stand with them in armed combat, leading to a retaliation by the Freikorps and the capturing of Liebknecht and Luxemburg. After questioning by one of the most powerful Freikorp units, they were brutally killed and the Spartacists were left hopeless.During the 1920’s, the KPD’s fortune changed drastically. Conflict within the German Communist Party led to changes in leadership. In 1925, Ernst Thälmann became chairman and lead the party. Under his power, the party’s main goal was altered. Instead of an attempt to overthrow the government with revolts and protests, the German Communist Party contested the general elections. Surprisingly, they were quite successful and gained popularity and influence throughout the country’s population. They had received advice and support from Communist International in Moscow and improved their tactics and organization. Later, a split within the USPD led to a major influx of members who joined the KPD, in turn increasing its influence with the German population and making it the largest communist party outside of the soviet union. Over the years it’s influence increased, maintaining a satisfactory electoral performance.     Unfortunately, after what seemed to be a breakthrough for the party, the Great Depression hit in 1929. This unpropitious era left Germany desperate for a leader that could really make a difference and help the country out of trouble. With the general elections of 1932, came the appearance of Adolf Hitler and the rise of the Nazi party, otherwise known as the NSDAP. Even with the increase in seats won by KPD, their 89 did not compare to the overwhelming 230 of the Nazis, and Hitler was named Chancellor. Soon after, the Reichstag was set on fire, and without much evidence, the Communist party was blamed. This lead to the formulation of the Reichstag Fire Decree, basically banning all Communist press, Communist meetings and demonstrations, and arresting KPD leaders, which was formally the end of the German Communists Party.


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