Drug addiction is a psychological disease because it changes the structure and functioning of thebrain.
The addict becomes dependent on the drug despite having full knowledge of its harmfuleffects on health.Drug addiction causes immense human distress and the illegal production anddistribution of drugs have spawned crime and violence worldwide. At present, there is no part ofthe world that is free from drug trafficking and drug addiction. Drug abuse is a complex phenomenon which has various social, cultural, biological, geographicaland historical economic aspects.
An uncontrollable desire or craving to consume the drug isdeveloped . The addicted people will find it impossible to control the drug intake and often engagein compulsive behaviour to obtain drugs, thereby unable to discharge his day to day responsibilitiesin an efficient manner. The problem of drug addiction is all the more serious because the addicts are mostly young boysand girls, the future citizens of a country on whom depends the future , its welfare and the society.The disintegration of the old joint family system, absence of parental love and care in modernfamilies where both parents are working often leads to the adolescent taking up drugs to escapethe loneliness. Teenage is the age where the youth picks up the habit of taking drugs. Drug addiction is often seen in patients who have experienced psychological trauma. Experiencingtrauma early in life increases a person’s susceptibility for drug addiction. Peer pressure and lack ofparental involvement in child’s activities are among the leading causes for drug addiction amongthe youth and teenagers.
The process of industrialisation, urbanisation and migration have led to loosening of the traditionalmethods of social control, rendering an individual vulnerable to the stresses and strains of modernlife. Drug addiction causes immense human distress and the illegal production and distribution ofdrugs have spawned crime and violence worldwide. Millions of drug addicts all over the world areleading miserable lives between life and death.
The effects of drug addiction are quite fatal.Damaged immune system which increases susceptibility to infection, cardiovascular conditionsincluding heart attack and collapsed veins, nausea vomiting and abdominal pain. The geographical location of J&K helps in easy availability of drugs in the state.The turmoil andstress play a huge role in this never ending war on drugs. Drug abuse has been a common for J&Kwhich invites attention of the authorities and civil society to treat this menace that is destroying notonly the abuses but is eating the vitals that are necessary to ensure a peaceful and prosperoussociety. J&K, a state that makes headlines for terrorism is also a victim of rampant drug menance that hasposed a serious challenge equivalent to terrorism. J&K borders two hostile neighbours which havecompounded and are undoubtedly responsible for narcoterrorism in the state.
The incessant turmoilof Kashmir has often led the youth to follow the path of darkness where drugs has been used asquick yet disastrous escape from the pain of unabated conflict. The youth of J&K has been hooked to different substances ranging from cannabis, to inhalants,like whiteness, paint thicker, and solvent. Cannabis, the gateway to drug is easily available.According to data retrieved by de-addiction centre at SMHS hospital, 71% of people are treated forsubstance use, cannabis being most commonly abused. Narcotics control bureau of union ministry of home affairs annual report 2016 points that J&K is atop state in India where drug illicit crops are cultivated. Lately, the J&K Police has been involved ina campaign to destroy drug crops like poppy.
The three feet poppy plant with pink or white flowersis often grown by many farmers in Kashmir as an additional source of income.