Drought droughts vary from lack of adequate drinking

Drought is a period of unexpected rainfall deficit, which results in a storage of water.

Drought hazards develop slowly, there are no clear beginnings or endings and can affect extensive areas. They impacts of droughts vary from lack of adequate drinking water, loss of vegetation, loss of farmland, loss of livestock and loss of life due to famine or dehydration. So due to global warming there are an increase in droughts, which can affects many things.

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We could loss lives from it, and we could be losing food. Since we could be losing livestock, for meat, and farmland, since there would no longer be rich soil to grow crops in. So we would be losing many things from droughts that can affect many other lives too. Hurricanes strengthen when they encounter large amounts of moisture over warm ocean water with little to interfere in their convection. So with global warming heating up the oceans, it could just give more power to hurricanes making them stronger. And since they’re wouldn’t be much to stop them either, they would also last longer.

This would kill many lives and others would all me moving as far inland as they can. So for example, people in the U.S. would probably all move to areas near Nebraska and Kansas. Since those states are towards the middle of the U.S. and aren’t close to oceans.

Meaning it would be safer there than somewhere like Boston, which is near the ocean. Sea levels have been rising for a while now. Though scientists discovered that the sea has been rising at around 0.14 inches per year since the early 1990s. The trend, linked to global warming,  puts thousands of  coastline cities and even whole islands at risk of being claimed by the ocean.

Ocean temperature can affect many things if it gets too high. For instance, warmer ocean put coastal communities at risk, increase infrastructure cost, endanger polar creatures and threaten coral reefs and fisheries. Perhaps most alarming, rising ocean temperatures accelerate the overall warming trend. So with global warming increasing the temperature of the oceans it affects many things and lives. Ocean acidification is the ongoing decrease in the pH of the Earth’s oceans, caused by the uptake of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. Algae and animals that need abundant calcium-carbonate, like reef-building corals, snails, barnacles, sea urchins, and coralline algae, were absent or much less abundant in acidified water, which were dominated by dense stands of sea grass and brown algae.

So global warming decreasing the pH levels in the sea would kill off and affect many sea creatures. Some would die from the pH levels decreasing, then the other sea creatures that prey off of those creatures would die off, and so on.Some effects humans had on the atmosphere are pollution, greenhouse gases, ozone layer, and other long term effects. These all relate to temperature change and climate. Pollution is one of the main reasons for greenhouse gases which is one of the main reasons for global warming.

And global warming is the biggest factor of temperature increase and climate.  The ozone layer is a protective layer of the atmosphere helps block ultraviolet radiation. So with it being destroyed more harmful rays are able to reach Earth’s surface with affects the temperature and climate. THese are all ways that affect Earth’s atmosphere and will affect us too.The global temperature is rising quickly.

Average temperatures have climbed 1.4 degrees Fahrenheit around the world since 1880. This is due to human influences because we are causing many things to happen. And even if it was a normal cycle, we are just making it worse as time goes on.

Many other factors, besides the greenhouse effect, could account for some of the climate and temperature variations. Some of those factors are the changes in the sun’s energy, changes in reflectivity and Earth’s temperature. Changes in the sun’s energy affect how much energy reaches Earth’s system: Climate is influenced by natural changes that affect how much solar energy reaches Earth. These changes include changes within the sun and changes in Earth’s orbit. Changes occurring in the sun itself can affect the intensity of the sunlight that reaches Earth’s surface. The intensity of the sunlight can cause either warming (during periods of stronger solar intensity) or cooling (during periods of weaker solar intensity).

The sun follows a natural 11-year cycle of small ups and downs in intensity, but the effect on Earth’s climate is small. Changes in the shape of Earth’s orbit as well as the tilt and position of Earth’s axis can also affect the amount of sunlight reaching Earth’s surface.Changes in reflectivity affect how much energy enters Earth’s system: When sunlight reaches Earth, it can be reflected or absorbed. The amount that is reflected or absorbed depends on Earth’s surface and atmosphere.

Light-colored objects and surfaces, like snow and clouds, tend to reflect most sunlight, while darker objects and surfaces, like the ocean, forests, or soil, tend to absorb more sunlight. Human changes in land use and land cover have changed Earth’s reflectivity. Processes such as deforestation, reforestation, desertification, and urbanization often contribute to changes in climate in the places they occur. These effects may be significant regionally, but are smaller when averaged over the entire globe.

In addition, human activities have generally increased the number of aerosol particles in the atmosphere. Overall, human-generated aerosols have a net cooling effect offsetting about one-third of the total warming effect associated with human greenhouse gas emissions. Reductions in overall aerosol emissions can therefore lead to more warming. However, targeted reductions in black carbon emissions can reduce warming. Earth’s temperature is a balancing act:Earth’s temperature depends on the balance between energy entering and leaving the planet’s system.

When incoming energy from the sun is absorbed by the Earth system, Earth warms. When the sun’s energy is reflected back into space, Earth avoids warming. When absorbed energy is released back into space, Earth cools. This record shows that the climate system varies naturally over a wide range of time scales. In general, climate changes prior to the Industrial Revolution in the 1700s can be explained by natural causes, such as changes in solar energy, volcanic eruptions, and natural changes in greenhouse gas (GHG) concentrations.

Recent climate changes, however, cannot be explained by natural causes alone. Research indicates that natural causes do not explain most observed warming, especially warming since the mid-20th century. Rather, it is extremely likely that human activities have been the dominant cause of that warming. A scientist describes global warming as a “moral issue” and our carbon dioxide emissions as “deeply unethical.

”  I agree with this statement, I also think that carbon dioxide is a moral issue. Though it isn’t the only moral issue for global warming and the greenhouse effect. Since there are other gases with deeply affect this. Some of those gases are methane and nitrous oxide. These gases come from agriculture and waste.

But there are also important GHGs that shouldn’t be excluded. Some reasons why it is getting worse are because of fossil fuels and deforestation. We’ve been using fossil fuels for a while to make electricity. Though it deeply affects the environment, which could soon affect use. Also due to deforestation it is harder to clean the environment. Since trees and plants are a good way to get rid of having too much carbon dioxide and in return we get oxygen, which is really important to us. But due to deforestation, it is harder to due that, and instead of good things, it gives us many major outcomes that will come back to haunt us at some point, global warming.Some ways to fix this is to stop using fossil fuels so much for energy, and instead use renewable resources like solar panels or dams.

Also we could try to not use cars so much, since they release a lot of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. Lastly another thing we could do is to plant more trees. That way we can try to not make it worse than it already is.

So if people do cut down trees, you need to plant more trees in return instead of doing nothing after cutting down trees. The best idea is to start doing some of things before it’s too late and we can’t do anything anymore to reverse our mistakes.

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