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CONTENT OF PROJECT
1.1 Introduction & problem summary
1.2 Aims & objectives
1.3 Scope of work
1.4 Plan of work
CHAPTER-2 LITERATURE REVIEW
2.2 Literature review
CHAPTER-3 STUDY AREA
3.1 Introduction of study area
3.2 General development control rules
4.1 Introduction of software
4.2 Alternative layout – 1
4.3 Alternative layout – 2
4.4 Alternative layout – 3
4.5 Alternative layout – 4
CHAPTER-5 RESULT ANALYSIS
5.1 Result discussion
Add proper Index
This report is based on the study of Planning of housing colony for low income group. The report describes all information regarding the planning of the colony.
I would like to express our gratitude to all those who gave me the possibility to complete this project and i am deeply indebted to my guide Prof.Bhavana Ajudiya for giving his almost attention and guidance for my project and special thanks to Er.Sanjay Sata. I am also thankful to Prof. Ankur Bhogayata, Head of the Department for giving me a positive support towards the project.
I am also thankful to all members of Civil Engineering Department for patiently listening all my problems and supporting me during this period.
Introduction problem summary
The main problem centers round the proper implementation of the program and its failure in reaching the poorest of the poor because of corruption and the design of the program.
The issue of land is a major problem. The majority of poor people do not possess their own land and live on land that belongs to others, for example, land of landlords or Government land etc.
Corruption has also taken a toll on the proper implementation of the program. This has resulted in many amongst the poor being left out from the program whereas people who are not in the BPL section are availing the benefits.
Slums are increased due to the high population growth. Rajkot became a million plus city in 2001. During the period 1991-2001, the city registered a growth rate of 79.12%; this can be attributed to the expansion of the city limits by merging three villages in June 1998. During the last decade, there has been a drop in the population growth rate to 28.31%.
Population according to RMC: –
Graph of population growth in Rajkot:-
Adequacy of Houses and Allocation Criteria
At the field level, the clamor for housing is a clear indication of the demand for housing being much greater than the supply. There is a need to address the gap between housing shortage and demand on one hand and the existing availability of houses
Adequacy of Unit Cost
50-90% of beneficiaries are not satisfied with the grant-in-aid provided under the scheme. in adequacy of case assistance for construction has resulted in poor quality of house, non fulfillment of requirement of the disaster-prone areas and debt trap on account of the beneficiaries having to borrow funds to complete the construction of pucca house.
Aims and objectives
“To improve living standard of low income group(LIG) people by provision of two rooms, kitchen, bathroom & water closet.”
The focus is on slum rehabilitation and providing housing units to people belonging to economically weaker section(EWS) and low-income group(LIG), along with middle income group
To reduce the housing storage, especially in EWS/LIG category.
To bringing down the cost of EWS and LIG houses to affordable limits through strategic land use planning.
To create rental transit housing accommodation for migrant laborers.
Adoption of innovative technologies in low cost housing sector.
To check further creation of slums.
To create healthy & environment friendly cities.
Redressing the failures of the formal system that lie behind the creation of slums.
Tackling the shortage of urban land and housing that keep shelter out of reach of the urban poor and force them to resort to extra-legal solution in a bid to retain their sources of livelihood and employment.
To provide slum free city and affordable housing for all
Scope of work
Further colony can be designed for Drainage. Design of drainage includes designing of underground pipe network and inlets and outlets and cross connections of pipe lines.
Designing of Septic tank and man hole and other elements of drainage for colony. This element will design in such a way that no water logging occurs during heavy rain fall and water should drain properly from this component.
Cost estimation: –
For any project cost estimation is very important. We have to design the project in such a manner that the all over cost of the project should be as possible as minimum.
project should be properly schedule for each and every activity so that cost of labor minimize by this overall cost is reduced.
The material used in construction project should be economical and locally available. So cost is minimized.
Elevation development includes development of elevation from different software’s like AutoCAD, 3D max, Revit etc. Elevation should be aesthetic in appearance, but it should not affect the strength of the structure.
Plan of work
Plan of work includes sequence of procedure of project work followed. In this project we have visited Rajkot Municipal Corporation (RMC). Various sites have given to us and we have selected one site for our project.
The sequence of procedure followed by us as under:-
Selecting the proposed site for project from given alternatives from RMC.
Project site analysis
Surveying of project site
Planning different dwelling units
2 Flats per floor of 2 BHK,
4 Flats per floor of 2 BHK,
2 Flats per floor of 1BHK,
4 Flats per floor of 1BHK.
Planning of layout with different alternatives
Alternative No. 1 (Mix Development)
Alternative No. 2 (Mix Development)
Alternative No. 3 ( 2 Flats per floor only)
Alternative No. 4 (4 Flats per floor only)
Preparation of Submission drawing of all units including Community Center and common plot units.
2.1 Research paper-1
This paper assessed urban residential housing and low-income earners in Makurdi Metropolis, Benue State, Nigeria. The paper adopts survey research design to determine the challenges confronting low income earners in urban residential housing areas in Markurdi Metropolis, Benue State, Nigeria.
The paper utilized both primary and secondary data sources. Data obtained were analyzed using descriptive statistics. The paper found that 57.8% of the respondents earn less than N10,000.00 (US$62.50) a month which made it difficult for them to afford decent houses. The paper concluded that good urban government is necessary to promote increased access to land, credit and affordable housing that is environmentally friendly and conducive for the low income earners.
The paper recommended that there should be a carefully planned land for low income housing in Makurdi which should be allocated to the target group of low income earners.
2.1.2 Literature Review
Shelter is a structure, permanent or makeshift, designed basically to protect the occupant against unwanted elements and intruders. Housing is much more than mere shelter; it embraces the quality, comfort, social, and community amenities – all the social services and utilities that go to make a community or neighborhood a livable environment (National Housing Policy, 1991).
Housing is bound up with concepts such as shelter itself, privacy, location, environmental amenity and investment (Aribigbola, 2000). Housing which satisfies these concepts can be considered adequate. The Draft National Housing policy (2004) defined housing as “the process of providing a large number of residential buildings on permanent bases with adequate physical infrastructure and social services in planned, decent, safe and sanitary neighborhoods to meet the basic and special needs of the population”. The concept of housing can, therefore, be seen as a process and a product.
The product is the physical structure (shelter) while the process involves all the activities that lead to the production and operation of the structure.
Other characteristics of low-income people include low educational qualifications, predominance of very high-density areas of squatter and slum settlements. Such environments are usually of very low quality and largely without basic services. Due to these reasons, Turner (1980) identified seven hazardous health impairments that these people are exposed to. These are: (i) faucal related diseases, (ii) vector borne diseases, (iii) air borne diseases, (iv) contact diseases, (v) non-specific sickness, (vi) malnutrition and (vii) physical injuries at home due to defects in the construction of the houses they live in.
Evidence from the study revealed that there is a high degree of overcrowding in the study areas with the room occupancy ratio in Makurdi higher than both the international and national standard. Despite available large expanse of unused land in the area, access to land is very difficult.
Thus, good urban governance becomes necessary to promote increased access to land, credit and affordable housing that is well serviced and environmentally sound for the low-income people. There is also a need to carefully plan the land for low income housing in Makurdi and other towns and such should be allocated to target groups of low income people. The government should also make allocation procedures easier for the low-income earners.
Department of Geography, Faculty of Science, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria
A. J. C. Onu, PhD
Department of Business Administration, Faculty of Administration, Ahmadu Bello University, Zari
2.2 Research Paper -2
This report describes practical ways to increase the supply of affordable-accessible housing, which refers to lower priced homes located in areas with convenient access to essential services and activities due to good transport options and accessible land use.
This typically consists of lower-priced apartments, townhouses, duplexes, small-lot single-family and accessory suites located in neighborhoods with shops, schools, healthcare and jobs that are easy to reach by walking, bicycling and public transit. This helps achieve numerous economic, social and environmental objectives. Demand for affordable-accessible housing is growing.
Some current transport and land use policies discourage such development, leading to a shortage in many communities, particularly in growing cities. Various policy and planning reforms described in this report can increase affordable-accessible housing development.
2.2.2 Literature Review
People need adequate housing to be healthy, happy and successful. Housing in affordability is a major problem, particularly in growing cities where affordable housing demand exceeds the existing stock of older, less expensive residences. Increasing housing affordability is both an act of generosity and a practical way to solve problems and achieve various planning objectives:
Reduced homelessness and associated problems.
Financial savings and flexibility to lower-income households.
Accommodating more lower-wage workers, students and retirees, thus supporting local economic development.
The term affordable housing sometimes refers to subsidized social housing for people with special needs (physical or mental disability, severe poverty, etc.), but that is actually a minor portion of total affordable housing demand. Most affordable housing is occupied by low-wage workers, students, and people living on pensions, who pay unsubsidized rents, sometimes called workforce housing. Various affordable housing needs, ranging from a small group that needs emergency shelter or subsidized housing, to a much larger group that needs affordable rental or owned housing.
Affordable-accessible housing refers to appropriate housing priced within lower-income household’s budgets, located in areas where essential services and activities are easily reached without an automobile.
For typical low-income households, the most practical affordable-accessible housing option is generally an inexpensive apartment, townhouse, small-lot single-family homes, or accessory suite located in an urban neighborhood or small town, where basic services (shops, schools, medical care and jobs) are easily accessible by walking, bicycling and public transit. This high level of accessibility is particularly important for people who for any reason cannot drive an automobile due to physical disability or legal constraints.
Victoria Transport Policy Institute
2.3 Research paper-3
Using tenant-level data from fifteen states that represent more than thirty percent of all Low Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC) units, this paper examines tenant incomes, rental assistance and rent burdens to shed light on key questions about our largest federal supply-side affordable housing program. Specifically, what are the incomes of the tenants, and does this program reach those with extremely low incomes? What rent burdens are experienced, and is economic diversity within developments achieved? We find that more than forty percent of tenants have extremely low incomes, and the overwhelming majority of such tenants also receive some form of rental assistance.
Rent burdens are generally higher than for HUD housing programs, but vary greatly by income level and are lowered by the sizable share of owners who charge below maximum rents. Finally, we find evidence of both economically diverse developments and those with concentrations of households with extremely low incomes.
The Low-Income Housing Tax Credit Program was established in 1987 and has since become the primary source of federal support for creating place-based, affordable rental housing in the United States. It was created as part of the Tax Reform Act of 1986 (TRA), which also removed a number of more general real estate and housing tax benefits.
At its start, each state received $1.25 per capita allocation, which has since been increased and is now adjusted for inflation.8 Developers competitively apply to their respective state for these credits and then use the credits to leverage private capital into acquisition, new construction or rehabilitation of affordable rental units. As a federally funded, state implemented housing program that is frequently combined with additional sources of subsidized funding, this is a complex program. Here we focus our attention on the programmatic details most relevant for shaping tenant composition and rents and which are at the core of current policy debates.9
We begin by considering the incomes of LIHTC tenants. Given that LIHTC income maximums target low and ‘very low’ income households (60 and 50 percent of AMI, respectively), we might expect incomes of most households to fall just below those cutoffs
To better assess the connection between rental assistance and extremely low income households, Table 4 breaks out the income distribution by receipt of rental assistance, for the ten states where such data are provided. Column 1 shows that compared to our full set of fifteen states, an even greater share of LIHTC tenants are extremely low income in those states with rental assistance data (53%), possibly those states most likely to pair tax credits with rental assistance.
Katherine O’Regan and Keren Horn
NYU Wagner School and Furman Center for Real Estate ; Urban Policy
3.1 Introduction to study area
Rajkot has now become the headquarters of the Rajkot district of Gujarat State. Rajkot has emerged as a strong industrial town in the Saurashtra region and has marked its presence at the international level in casting and forging industry. Over the years, it has started playing an increasingly important role in the complex supply chains of many global engineering companies
the city is home to a population of 12.86 lakhs (2011 census). The municipal limits of Rajkot cover 104.86 sq km area, and the Rajkot Urban Development Authority (RUDA) covers an area of 686 sq km including Rajkot Municipal Corporation (RMC) limits. In the last 50 years, the city’s population has grown by nearly six times, and the city is one of the rapidly growing urban areas of India
The Rajkot city has lots of scope in infrastructure development recently, and the developers has concentrated the Rajkot city as center of urban development and also the urban poverty has increased.
Thus the Rajkot Municipal Corporation (RMC) has defined some of the places in their Town Planning Scheme (T.P.S.) for various yojana like Rajiv Awas Yojana , Mukhyamantri Awas Yojana, etc. for the people of Economically Weaker Section (EWS) and Low Income Group (LIG).
We have selected the site for project at the Ghanshyamnagar , near Kalavad Road , Rajkot.
3.2 General Development Control Rules (GDCR)
General Development Control Rules are constructed for the controlling the development which may excessive. The rules are constructed for prosperity of the people and to be live in better environment.
The rules are changes for the different type of land use and type of the land area. For the passing out the proposed project in the corporation the project should be under the guide-line of the General Development Control Rules.
The rules are changes from the use of the building like Residential , commercial , industrial, etc. The rules may be changed as per the requirement of the area and as the development of the city.
We have followed followings rules for the project of the GDCR 2006.
Common Plot for the development of residential, commercial, industrial layout and subdivision of building units / land shall be required as under:
FOR RESIDENTIAL AND/ OR COMMERCIAL USE :
In a building unit of 2000 Sq.Mts. or more in area, the common plot shall be provided.
The minimum area of the common plot shall be 10% of the building unit.
Common plot shall be provided in high rise building irrespective of area of building unit
FOR INDUSTRIAL USE :
No common plot shall be provided for building unit upto 5000 Sq.Mts.
In a building unit of more than 5000 Sq.Mts. and upto 20000 Sq.Mts. in area, the common plot shall be provided at the rate of 8% of the area of the building unit.
In a building unit of more than 20000 Sq.Mts. in area the common plot shall be provided at the rate of 1600 Sq.Mts. plus 5% of the area of the building unit in excess of 20000 Sq.Mts.
OTHER THAN RESIDENTIAL, COMMERCIAL & INDUSTRIAL
In a building unit of 2000 Sq.Mts. or more in area, the common plot shall be provided at the rate of 20% of plot area.
“GENERAL REQUIREMENT ”
(1) The common plot area shall be exclusive of approaches, margins No
projection shall be permitted in common plot.
Minimum size of the common plot shall be 300 Sq.mts with no side less than 10.50 Mts.
**(3) No construction shall be permitted in the common plot unless electric sub-station, overhead water tank, underground water tank, watchman room, community hall, tube well and rain water recharge well for the occupier of the respective sub plots of tenements or flats, shall be permitted subject to margin as per these regulations and maximum 15% of respective common plot area.
GDCR – 200457
The area of the common plot may be permitted to be sub-divided provided that the common plot has a minimum area of 300 Sq.Mts
with no sides less than 10.50 Mts.
Provided for a group housing, (building with Ground floor plus two upper floors without hollow plinth), further sub-divisions of the common plot may be allowed by the Competent Authority.
(5) The area of this common plot shall not be deducted for the consideration of Floor Space Index of building unit.
(a) in the case of “all uses except residential ” total common plot may be allowed to be used as parking space including drive-way and the aisles.
In the case of residential use 50% of the total common plot may be allowed to be used as parking space including drive way and aisles.
In cases wherein lay out or subdivision of land is sanctioned with provision of required common plot, common plots shall not be insisted in case of sub division of such sub plots or amalgamation of such sub plots irrespective area.”
11 . 3 . 1 .MARGINS : (LOW RI SE BUILDINGS)
Sr . Fron t Ot her Resi dential road si de Si de Margi n No . Margin margi n a . Residence excluding 1 .5 Mts. 1 .50 Mts . …. apartment/flat . b. Apartments / flats i . upto 250 Sq .Mts. 3 .0 Mts. 1 .50 Mts . …. ii . More than 250 Sq . 3 .0 Mts. 1 .50 Mts . 1.5 Mts . on Mts. any one side + 1 . 5 Mts. on two sides (if no other road is there). N . B . All road side margins are compulsory. (i i ) The minimum side (other than road side) margins and maximum bui l t – up area on any floor for al l uses except for industrial building and special structure shall be as under for low rise buildings.
Plot Size Margins
road side Maximum
built-Up area on
any floor Minimum
the plot in
More than 25 Sq. Mts.
& up to 80 Sq. Mts. 1.5 Mts. (any
one side) 65% 3.0
More than 80 Sq. Mts. &
upto 150 Sq. Mts 2.0 Mts. (any
one side) 60% or 52 Sq. Mts .
whichever is more 5.0
More than 150 Sq.Mts. &
upto 250 Sq.Mts. 2.5 Mts. (any
one side) 50% or 90 Sq. Mts .
whichever is more 8.0
More than 250 Sq.Mts. &
upto 400 Sq.Mts. 2.5 Mts. (any
two sides ) 45% or 125 Sq.
Mts. whichever is
More than 400
Sq.Mts. 3.0 Mts. (all
other sides) 45% or 150 Sq.
Mts. whichever is
Note: For the calculat ion of the buil t up area, the area of common plot i f any
should be excluded f rom total area of the plot.
15. DEVELOPMENT OF LOW COST HOUSING
These regulations shall be applicable to development of schemes for socially and economically backward class of people for economically weaker section of the society and for low cost housing only undertaken by public agencies, co-operative societies Government or Semi Government bodies, Registered Developers.
15.1 PLANNING :
The type of development for housing for socially and economically backward class of people and for low cost housing, block development as group housing.
(i) The maximum permissible density in Dwelling shall be 225 dwelling per hector .
(ii) The minimum and the maximum plot size shall be between 18 Sq.Mts. and 40.Sq.Mts. respectively with built up area not exceeding 70% of the plot area leaving front as well as rear margin of 1.5 Mts.
(iii) The minimum frontage of plot shall be 3.0 Mts. in width.
(iv) At every 20 such continuos plots 2.0 Mts. wide space open to sky shall be provided.
(v) The maximum numbers of stories in a building construction on the plot shall be ground plus one upper storey only.
(vi) Common plot at the rate of 10% percent of the area of the plot / land developed shall be provided for open space / community open space which shall be exclusive of approach roads, path ways, or margins .
15.2 GENERAL BUILDING REQUIREMENTS :
(1) The minimum height of the plinth shall be 30 cms. from the top surface of approach road or path way.
(2) The maximum floor space index permissible shall be 1.8.
(3) (a) The size of living room, bed room shall not be less than 8 Sq.Mts. with minimum width of 2.4 Mts.
(b) (i) Size of independent Bath-room and w.c shall be 0.9 Sq.Mts.
with minimum width of 0.9 Mts. each.
(ii) Size of combined bath room and w.c. shall be 1.8 Sq.Mts. with
minimum width of 1 Mts.
(4) (i) The minimum height of room shall be as under:-
Living room : 2.4 Mts.
Kitchen room : 2.4 Mts.
Bath /w.c : 2.1 Mts.
Corridor : 2.1 Mts.
(ii) In case of the slopping roof the average height of the roof shall be 2.1 Mts. and the minimum height of the eaves shall be 2.4 Mts.
(iii) The minimum slopes of the slopping roof ,shall be 300 for G.I sheets, asbestos sheets or tiled roof while for R.C.C slopping roof, the minimum slop shall be 120.
(5) The opening through windows, ventilators and other opening for light and ventilation shall be as under :
(i) One tenth of the room floor area.
(ii) For w.c and bath not less than 0.2 Sq.Mts.
The width of stair case shall be 0.75 Mts. minimum. the maximum height of the riser shall be 20. cms. The minimum width of the tread shall be 22.5 cms. The minimum clear head roof of the stair case shall be 2.10 Mts.
(iii) There shall be one staircase for every 12 (twelve) dwelling units or part thereof.
15.3 ROADS AND PATH WAYS :
(i) The area under the roads and pathways in such housing project shall normally not exceed 20 percent of the total area of the project.
(ii) Access to the dwelling unit s where motorized vehicles are not normally expected shall be by means of paved foot paths with right of way of 6 Mts. and pathways of 2 Mts. only . The right of way shall be adequate to allow for plying of emergency vehicles and also for side drains and plantation.
(iii) Where motorable access ways are not provided and pedestrian path ways are provided the minimum width of such path way shall be 4.0 Mts. which shall not exceed 50 Mts. in length.
15.4 MINIMUM REQUIRED: ACCOMMODATION
(h) The minimum accommodation provided in every dwelling unit shall be one living room and a w. c. where there is a drainage system, the agency developing the area shall install and maintain the internal drainage system. where there is no drainage system the individual soak-pit shall be provided as per provision of National Building Code.
(ii) The loft if provided in the room shall not cover more than 30 % of the floor area of the room.
15.5 STRUCTURAL REQUIREMENTS :
(i) Load bearing walls of the building shall be of Brick stone or pre cast block in
any mortar. in the case of R.C.C framed structure or wooden framed structure
filler walls may be of suitable local materials.
(ii) Roof of the building shall be of galvanized iron sheets, asbestos sheet, tiles roof or R.C.C. roof .in the case of upper storied buildings middle floor shall be of wooden or R.C.C. and rest as per choice.
(iii) Doors and windows of building shall be of any material.
(iv) Rest of the work of building shall be as per locally available resources and as per choice.
16.2 GROUP HOUSING
Group housing having 10 or more than 10 dwelling units having maximum built up area up to 50.00 Sq.Mts. of each dwelling unit shall be permissible subject to these regulations and the following provisions
(i) Only ground plus two floor structure without hollow plinth.
(ii) Minimum size of building unit 4000 Sq.Mts.
(iii) Road side margins shall be as per these regulations Other than road side margins shall be 2.25 Mts. Distance between two buildings shall be 4.5 Mts.
(iv) Maximum height of the building shall be 10 Mts.
(v) Maximum permissible built up area shall be 60%.
(vi) Sub division of common plot may be allowed by the competent authority with no side less than 10.50 mt. of such sub divided common plot. Margin from the common plot shall be minimum of 2.0 Mts. One common plot of minimum of 300 sq Mts. shall be provided.
(vii) The minimum one approach road shall be provided as per the regulation no.
10.4 and or as decided by competent Authority. Other internal width of the
road shall be 2.4 meters.
17. GENERAL BUILDING REQUIREMENTS
17.1 ELEVATORS (LIFTS)
A lift shall be provided in all buildings as prescribed hereunder:
(i) In case of Building having height more than 13.0 Mts. lift shall be provided.
(ii) Lift shall be provided at the rate of one lift for 20 tenements of all the floors or part thereof for residential buildings and at the rate of one lift per 1000.00 Sq.Mts. or part thereof of built-up area for non-residential buildings.
The tenement and built-up area on ground floor and two upper floors shall be excluded in computing the above requirement. Lift shall be provided from ground floor and shall have minimum capacity of six persons. On the basis of detailed calculations based on the relevant provisions of National Building Code, the number of lifts can be varied.
(iii) Not withstanding anything contained in the Development Control Regulations
in case of building with 21 meters or more in height, at least two lifts shall
17.6 HEIGHT OF FLOORS
Minimum height of floors in building at any point shall be 2.8 Mts. for residential and commercial uses and 3 meters or as per Factory Act or other relevant Act in case ground floor and upper-floors in a building used for offices for ancillary uses of factories, workshops, godowns and other industrial purposes.
Provided that in case of folded roof the minimum height of 3.0 Mts. shall be measured from the lowest point of the fold.
Provided that in case of gabled or slopping roof the minimum height below the lowest part of roof, shall not be less than 2.2 Mts. and an average height of the rooms shall
not be less than the minimum prescribed here above. Provided further that in case of trussed-roof, the minimum height shall be measured
from the pavement to bottom of the tie beam. Provided that for verandah, Bathroom, W.C., passages, puja room, store room, stair cabin, minimum height of 2.00 Mts.
Sr. No. Unit Min. Floor Area
(Sq.Mt.) Min. Side (Mts.)
A. Room, Shop, Office 9.00 2.40
Store room 3.80
C. Puja, bath, pump, coal & dressing rooms. 1.35 0.90
D. Garage 12.00 2.7w x 2.0h
E. W.C., Washing Room 0.81 0.90
Study room 3.60 1.80
Loft not exceeding 1/3rd of the area of the room should be permitted at a height of 2.0 mts.
19.1 MINIMUM PARKING SPACE
Off-street parking spaces for vehicles shall be provided for every new building constructed for the first use or when the use of old building is changed to any of the uses mentioned in the table below:
TABLE FOR MINIMUM OFF STREET PARKING SPACES :
(In all areas including existing Gamtal & Walled City)
No Type of use Parking space
(Flats/Apartments) 15% of maximum
permissible F.S.I (1) Dwelling units Above 80 Sq.Mts. built up area 50% of the total parking space requirement shall be reserved for cars.
(2) Upto 80 Sq. Mts. built up area 25% of the total parking space requirements shall be reserved for Cars.
(3) 10% of the total parking space requirements shall be reserved for visitors at ground level.
Cinema theater , public assembly hall , auditorium , stadium etc. 1 Sq Mts. per seat 50% of the total parking space requirements shall be reserved for Cars.
3 Industrial 10% of Building Unit 50% of the total parking space
requirements shall be reserved
4 Commercial and
office, bank, hotel,
guest house, lodge,
etc. and Health
facilities including Hospitals & Nursing
Homes etc. 30% of maximum
Note : (1) The parking
space so required shall be
provided only at ground
level excluding required
marginal space and Built
up area with solid plinth
subject to other regulation
(2) However, after fully
consuming the space available at the ground
level, remaining parking
space may be provided at
any other level.
(3) 20% of the parking
space required at the
ground level shall be
exclusively provided for
visitors. 50% of the total parking space
requirements shall be reserved
5 Community buildings such as community hall/ marriage hall/ community wadi/ recreational club/ and religious building,party plot, club house etc. 50% of Building Unit.. 50% of the total parking space
requirements shall be reserved
a) Primary schools.
b) Secondary and higher secondary
(c) Colleges and coaching classe 20 Sq. Mts. for every 100 students.
50 Sq.Mts. for every 100 students
70 Sq. Mts. for every 100 students For computing number of students 0.75 Sq. Mts. floor area is equal to 1 (one) student.
6 Special building for
uncommon uses : (a)
(b) grain market,
timber market, iron
market, and such
Trade. For (a) and (b)
30% of maximum
permissible F.S.I For (a) 50% of the total parking space requirement shall be
reserved for cars.
For (b) 50% of the total parking space requirement shall be
reserved for heavy motor vehicles.
Commissioner shall specify the number and types of vehicles
likely to be use in addition to Col. No. 4 For (a) and (b) of
(1) Building Units/Plots abuts on 12.00 Mts. or more width road Parking shall be Provided as under:
For Ground floor Built-up Area without hollow plinth the Parking shall be Provided as per Commercial Standards and for other floors Built-up Area Parking shall be Provided as per Regulations.
(2) Above space shall be provided in addition to adequate vehicular access to the street.
(3) In a marginal space of 3.0 mts or more may be allowed for parking if it forms part of parking layout as required under 19.2.
(4) Parking requirement shall be calculated on the basis of maximum permissible F.S.I.
(5) In cases where misuse of parking space is noticed, the use of entire building shall be
discontinued and the use shall be permitted only after the parking spaces are made possible for parking use. High penalty as decided by Competent Authority from time to time shall be levied considering the period of misuse of the parking space and the benefit derived out of misuse.
(6) In cases where more parking space is requested, the Competent Authority may grant
the request for providing parking in cellar or at upper floors with specific conditions to take care of genuine requirements.
(7) Parking reserved for the visitors shall be provided on ground level only.
19.2 THE PARKING LAYOUT SHALL FULFILL THE FOLLOWING
(1) The minimum width of access to street from parking space shall be 3.0 meters.
(2) The Car parking space shall have two independent accesses leading street if its area capacity exceeds 300 Sq.Mts. Provided that one such access may be permitted if its minimum width is 6 Meters.
(3) If the parking space is not provided at street level the gradient of ramp leading to parking space shall not be more than 1:7 i.e. the vertical rise shall not exceed more than 1 Mt. over a horizontal distance of 7 meters.
(4) Clear head way of 2.4 meters, shall be provided on every access leading to parking space and at any point in parking space.
(5) The general arrangement of parking layout shall be in conformity with the general instruction as may be issued by the Competent Authority from time to time.
(6) Width of ramp to the cellar may be 2.00 Mts. Provided cellar is exclusively used as parking space for two wheeler vehicle only.
4.1 Introduction of software used
Software Used:- AutoCad 2010
AutoCAD is a software application for 2D and 3D Computer Aided Design (CAD)and Drafting available since 1982 as a desktop application and since 2010 as a mobile web and cloud-based app, currently marketed as AutoCAD 360.
Developed and marketed by Autodesk Inc. AutoCAD was first released in December 1982 having been purchased a year prior in its original form by Autodesk founder John Walker
The autocad has following features. Which is very useful in development of drawings.
Easier to author Dynamic Block
Easier to understand and later edit authored behavior
More flexible and powered dynamic blocks
Test block without exiting block editor
Added the ability for a CAD Manager to create Advanced User Profiles
Dynamic paths in the registry
All user-customizable support files should be installed to Roaming App Data by default
Allow choice for support content location
Improved graphics fidelity, stability and performance through GS Architectural projects
Unified precision and temporary graphics for a consistent user experience in 2D and 3D
Layer Manager Performance improvements
Red Circles indicating areas where invalid boundary were detected for area being hatched
Stretchable, resizable hatching using grips
Improvements to hatching large coordinate objects
5.1 Result analysis
After the analysis of all the alternatives the result is that as far as mix development is concent the alternative -2 is the best.
And as far as 2 BHK and 4BHK is concern the alternative -3 and alternative- 4 is best respectively.
Here by doing this project , our conclusion is that by this site population of 1160 people can be transfer to the colony and respective slum is reduced. Mukhya Mantri Awas Samrudhi Yojana is very useful for reduing slum of the city.