DOWE HAVE A POPULATION PROBLEM? Name: AGGARWAL RUDRANSH HR ID:12417186 Instructor: HICKS JOSEPH TA: PHAN THIN NGAN THANH Overpopulation is anundesirable condition where the numbers of the existing human populationexceeds the carrying capacity of Earth. Overpopulation is caused by number ofelements. Decreased death rate, better medical facilities, consumption ofvaluable assets are few of the causes which brings about overpopulation.
It isfeasible for a sparsely populated zone to become densely populated if it is notable to sustain life (Vaughan, Jan. 7,2016). Developing advances in innovationwith each coming year has influenced humankind from multiple points of view.One of these has been the capacity to spare lives and create better medicaltreatment for all. A direct result of this has been increased lifespan and thegrowth of the population. In the previous fifty or so years, the growth ofpopulation has boomed and has transformed into overpopulation (Dimick, Sep.
21,2014). In the history of our species, the birth and death rate have alwaysbeen able to balance each and maintain a population growth rate that issustainable. Between the time of the plague and the 21st century,there was been a large number of wars, regular disasters and man-made hazards.However, none of these have made a scratch on the populace.
Developing nationsconfront the issue of overpopulation more than developed nations, however itinfluences the vast majority of the earth starting at now. Overpopulation thuscontributes to some of the most compelling environmental problems whichencompass 1. Depletion of natural resources 2.
Acceleratedhabitat loss and 3. Amplified climate change and global warming.These arguments,from my perspective, are convincing. To begin with, the first of these is thedepletion of resources. The earth can only produce a limited amount of waterand food, which is falling short of the current needs. The vast majority of thenatural harm being found in the last fifty odd years is a direct result of thedeveloping number of individuals of the planet (Meinert, Lawrence D,2016). Theyare chopping the woods, hunting wildlife in a reckless manner, causingcontamination and making a large number of issues. Those occupied with discussingoverpopulation have seen that demonstrations of brutality and hostility outsideof a battle region have expanded tremendously while competing for resources.
According to a study by the UNEP Global Environmental Outlook (2016), excessivehuman consumption of the naturally occurring non-renewable resources canoutstrip available resources in the near future and remarkably deplete them forfuture generations. Page 1 Each person onearth now requires a third more land to supply his or her things that theplanet can supply. According to The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (2014),concluded that, “The structure of the world’s ecosystems changed morerapidly in the second half of the twentieth century than at any time inrecorded human history. UN forecasts a range from 8.3 billion to 10.9 billionby the year 2050, with 9.6 billion as a mid-projection. More than 20 countrieshave falling populations, which could increase to 44 by 2050, with the vastmajority in Europe.
According to the United States Geological Survey (USGS,2012) study found a significant long-term trend over the 20thcentury for non-sustainable assets, for example, minerals to supply a moreprominent extents of the crude material contributions to the non-fuel, non-foodsector of the economy. Secondly, the expanded loss of the biological communitiesincluding wetlands, untamed life, rainforests, coral reefs, aquatic life forms,and grasslands are exceptionally affected by overpopulation. It is out ofoverpopulation that exercise such as excessive agriculture, naturalcontamination and extensive land development have become more and moreintensive (Barbault and S.D. Sastrapradja, 1995). For instance, rainforests once secured 14% ofthe whole earth’s surface. Today, rainforests just cover around 6% of the world’ssurface and researchers project it might even turn out to be less in thefollowing four decades judged by the flow rate of vegetation removal, logging,and deforestation.
Moreover, due to environmental pollution, 30% of the sea reefshave been lost in light of fermentation and global warming. Likewise, thegreater part of the first wetlands have been lost. According to theInternational Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) hasa Red List of species officially classified as “Threatened” or “Endangered”.Habitat loss has been identified as being the main treat to 85% of these.
According to a study in Nature indicated that within the next 50 years aquarter of the world’s land animals and plants could become extinct. This isaround a million species. According to the J.M. Scott (2008), the current stateof the Endangered Species Act and the potential legal methods of maintainingbiodiversity such as reform of Endangered Species Act and ecosystem services.Page 2Last but notthe least, The more the quantity of individuals, the more the quantity ofvehicles and industries as well as air travels. Moreover, more populace meansexpanded utilization of vitality sources such as coal and firewood whichcontributes to increase global gas emissions. Subsequently, in view of theaccumulation of human-created greenhouse gasses and carbon impression in theair, the planet has continued to witness amplified global warming and climatechange.
The impacts of environmental change and an unnatural weather change aresignificant resulting in extreme hunger, dry season, flooding, and living spaceetc. Despite this, in every twenty-thirty minutes, the world adds another 3,500human lives. In the next hundred years, dramatic changes will occur as earthbecomes a packed-tight world even more crowded and degraded. It is likely to behotter, with many more deserts and less farming landing. As indicated by theNASA latest report, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, a gatheringof 1,300 free logical specialists from nations everywhere throughout the worldunder the protection of the United Nations, closed there’s a more than 95percent likelihood that human exercises in the course of recent years havewarmed our planet. According to WHO, overpopulation is one of the leadingcauses of the speedy occurrence and emergence of human diseases. According toprofessor Brian Hoskins (2013), this is likely the first time Carbon Dioxidelevels have been this high for about 4.
5 million years because of excessivedangerous human activities.Toconclude, I believe that the government should be largely responsible. Firstly,it is vital that the state provides essential housing and healthcare for allits citizens. Secondly, setting up community projects to help foster morecommunity spirit and help keep young people off the street is a good idea. Forexample, youth clubs or evening classes for teenagers would keep them occupied.Finally, more effective policing of inner city areas would also be beneficial. Naturally,we should also try to address these problems.
One way is to put pressure on thegovernment to ensure they tackle the problems by, for instance, forming actiongroups to lobby the government and request intervention and adequate funding.They could also form Neighborhood Watch areas to try and help reducethe high levels of crime. Therefore, it is clear that the problems caused byoverpopulation in urban areas are very serious.
Yet if we and governments sharea collective responsibility, then it may well become possible to offer somesolutions. (1189 words)Page 3References 1. BBCNews, “World Population Growth Falling,” World Edition, March 23,2004.2. Vaughan,Adam (January 7,2016). “Human impact has pushed Earth into the Anthropocene,scientists say”. 3.
Dimick, Dennis (September 21st,2014).”As World’s Population Booms, will its Resources BE enough for US?”4. Meinert,Lawrence D; Robinson, Gilpin R Jr; Nassar, Nedal T (2016). “MineralResources: Reserves, Peak Production and the Future”. resources. 5 (14).
5. Barbault, R. and S. D. Sastrapradja.1995.
Generation, maintenance and loss of biodiversity. Global BiodiversityAssessment, Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge pp. 193–274.6. Scott, J.
M.2008. Threats to Biological Diversity: Global, Continental, Local, U.S.Geological Survey, Idaho Cooperative Fish and Wildlife.
Research unit,University of Idaho.7. IPCC FifthAssessment Report, 20148.
UnitedStates Global Change Research Program,” Global Climate Impacts in the UnitedStates,” Cambridge University Press, 2009.9. Carbon dioxide passessymbolic mark”. BBC. 10 May 2013. Retrieved 27th May 2013.10.
Brian Hoskins (10th May 2013). “Corban dioxide athighest level for millions of years”. Financial Times. Retrieved 27thMay 2013.11. Warburg, P.
(Oct 8th,2017). Keeping Our cool asPopulation Booms. New York times.12. Warburg, P.
(Jan.23rd, 2017). No to population growth.New York Times.