Diego same setting. When looking at the mural,

DiegoRivera is a famous Mexican artist that used his painting to express and reflectthe lives of the Mexican people. He was born on December 8, 1886 and died onNovember 24, 1957, during his early years of painting he traveled to Europewhere he became good at Cubism. In 1914, the Mexican Revolution inspired Riverato paint murals that spoke about the political events happening in Mexico. Hewanted his art to show the lives of the people and the working class, to telltheir stories through his art. The History of Mexico mural took Rivera 6 yearsto complete.

He started in 1929 and ended in 1935, this was also Rivera’s lastpiece of art that was made. Myfirst impression of the mural is that it is colorful. The colors are vibrantmaking the mural eye-catching. There are a lot of different people in thepicture. Some are soldiers, farmers, and priests.

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!


order now

The different people show tome that all of them have played individual roles in the Mexican History. Lookingat it makes it seem as if everything is happening all at once in the samesetting. When looking at the mural, you can see that it tells many differentstories. Such as fighting, people seem to be arguing, others look hurt. There’sa lot of meaning to it considering that it takes up 3 walls. First looking atit, it’s very overwhelming. It is difficult to try to pick one certain spot andstart there because then you get distracted looking at everything else that’sgoing on in the picture.

It’s hard to try to focus on one specific piece whenthere are so many other pieces that stand out. The mural overall stands out butthere are certain parts that stand out more than others. Inthe center of the mural, the middle, it shows what seems to be a lot of wargoing, violence. At the bottom it shows Hernan Cortes defeating the Aztecs. Cortes had help contribute to theconquering of Cuba, and once that happened he set out on more adventures. Hemade his way to Tenochtitlan, which at the time was the Aztec capital. Butbefore he made it to Tenochtitlan, he had conquered other cities along the way.He also became allies with the Tlaxcalans.

The Tlaxcalans later helped Cortesbecause they had a strong hate towards the Aztecs because the Aztecs wouldsneak into their towns and take people to sacrifice. When Cortes made it toTenochtitlan the Aztecs befriended him, but Cortes had other plans. Cortes andhis men took the Aztec leader, Montezuma hostage.

They eventually killed him,and the Aztecs attacked Cortes and his men. A fight then broke out for 3 monthsand in 1521 Cortes defeated the Aztecs and conquered Tenochtitlan. This isimportant because Cortes took over the Aztec Empire and he put an end to Aztecculture.

It impacted many people and many Aztecs.When Cortes conquered the Aztec Empire hetook in whatever Indians that were left and made them slaves. In the pictureyou can see some Indians working for the Spanish. The reason the Aztec cultureended was because the Indians were forced to read and write in Spanish. Theywere taught to be Spaniards even if they weren’t or didn’t want to.

They thenpassed it on to generations and therefore, ending the Aztec culture. TheIndians made the Spaniards weapons, buildings and provided food. Once theIndians became slaves they no longer made sacrifices.

They believed that thereason the sun would rise every day was because they sacrificed people, and ifthey didn’t the sun wouldn’t come up. This was a main reason that others didn’tlike the Indians, because they would sneak into their towns and kidnap peopleto sacrifice. Once Indians became slaves they were forced to change theirreligion and become Catholics. Another reason why the culture failed wasdisease. The Aztecs carried many diseases that caught up with them and theyeventually died.

This just goes more into depth about the fall of the AztecEmpire and how Cortes conquering it. They were able to take back land thatshould have belonged to them in the first place. The mural goes on to expressemotionally the terror and conquest during this time.In the top middle there is a red bannerthat sticks out because there are words written across it. The words are”Tierra y Libertad”, meaning Land and Liberty. The poor Mexicans wanted to takeback their land.

Emiliano Zapata lead a peasant rebellion in Mexico in 1910. Heformed a plan, Plan de Ayala, which consisted of 15 points. To summarize all 15points, Zapata wanted to give the poor the land that they had the right to.

Most Mexican citizens at the time owned little or no land, and Zapata wanted togive them the land they deserved. Zapatistas were the people who followed andstood behind Zapata during his rebellion. They stood with his beliefs andwanted to get their land back.

Zapata died before this was made possible, butthe Zapatistas made sure his plan followed through. In 1920, the Zapatistaswere able to obtain power and with that they established some of the plans thatZapata had envisioned for them. This impacted a lot of the poor people for theywere able to fight back with the help of Zapata and they gained their landback. Even though Zapata died before anything could happen he started a fightthat the people finished off for themselves, as well for Zapata.

Diego Riverawith the banner “Tierra y Libertad” showed us the fight and struggle of thehistory behind it, it was important because it showed to us the struggle theMexican people went through.In the center of the picture there is aneagle holding some sort of blue and red tail thing in its mouth. The meaningbehind this goes back to when the Aztec Empire was conquered, and the Aztecculture came to an end. Many of the people didn’t agree or like what the Aztecsbelieved in.

They believed that sacrificing someone was the reason the sun cameup, and if they didn’t the sun wouldn’t rise the next day. To summarize, theAztecs weren’t liked by many people and the downfall of the Empire made thepeople content. Cortes was a fighter and he fought to get the land thatbelonged to him and his people. The eagle represents a fighter, and in itsmouth, is a serpent. The serpent symbolizes the Aztecs. The eagle has it in itsmouth because the eagle is basically “killing” the Aztec.

After the downfall,the Aztec culture came to an end. The serpent in the mouth shows that the eaglewon the battle and the serpent is no more. They use this symbol as the symbolof Mexico because if Cortes didn’t conquer the Empire that land wouldn’t bethere’s. It also symbolizes strength, that the people fight for what is there’sand they don’t give up until they win.

This part of the mural represents the strengththe Mexican people had to conquer and win.          My first thought lookingat the mural was color, as mentioned before. I didn’t have a full understandingof what was going on. Everything seemed to be everywhere and happening all atonce.

I wasn’t sure where to look to and where I should begin. I also struggleda bit with trying to get the meaning that was behind every little piece thatwas going on in the picture. As I was doing some research and looking into thebackground more, I learned a lot about the history of Mexico. I’ve heard aboutHernan Cortes before, but I wasn’t sure exactly why he was important. Readinginto what he did for his people, it was a brave thing.

He had a plan to conquerthe Empire and that’s exactly what he did. He fought a battle for 3 monthsuntil he won. This shows that he was a very brave man and fought for what hewanted, and gave back to his people.

The same goes for Emiliano Zapata, hewanted to give back to the poor what they deserved. Although he didn’t make itto see it happen, the people continued to fight the battle he had started. Inthe end they won, and they couldn’t have done it without the help of Zapata.The piece I examined was only one part of the wall, there’s three parts alltogether.

I can only imagine what more stories are on the other two. DiegoRivera made this mural to inform and remind people that Mexico had itshardships, but despite all the hardships a lot of good came out of it. And hismural tells the story of just that. Overall the mural represents the struggles,battles, sufferings and conquest that the Mexican people had to encounter.

Thehistory of Mexico goes in depth in the mural, although some things stood out tome more than the rest I really enjoyed learning about the history. When firstviewing the mural, it is hard to focus on one piece because all of the pieceswere important to the Mexican people. I found it amazing that Diego Rivera usedart to represent and tell the story of the Mexican people. 

x

Hi!
I'm Mary!

Would you like to get a custom essay? How about receiving a customized one?

Check it out