Development of Personality
? Infancy (Birth – 1 Year of Life):
Infancy time (period) is the true foundation period of person’s life because many behavioral patterns, attitudes, patterns of emotional expressions, aptitude are being established. These have a lifelong influence on the person’s personal and social adjustments.
? Early Childhood (2-6 Years of Life):
Growth during early childhood proceeds at a slow rate as compared with the rapid rate of growth in infancy. Body proportions change markedly. Now the muscles become longer, stronger and heavier. The average annual increase in height is 3 inches and the average annual increase in weight is 3-5 IBS.
? Late Childhood (7-11 Years of Life):
Late childhood is a time of slow and uniform growth. The average annual increase in height is 2-3 inches and the average annual weight increase is 3-5 Ibs.
? Adolescence (12-19 Years of Life):
The period of adolescence is a time of ‘storm and stress’, an action-oriented phase of life in which feelings and thoughts are primarily expressed through behavior.
? Early Adulthood (20-40 Years of Life):
The term ‘adult’ is derived from the Latin word ‘adultus’, which means ‘grown to full size and strength’ adults are therefore individual who have completed their growth and are ready to assume their status in society along with other adults.
? Middle Adulthood (41-60 Years of Life):
Physical Changes related to ageing become more prominent, such as wrinkled skin, muscular pains and impaired sensory capacities. Faulty lifestyles may bring on diseases such as hypertension, heart disease, cancer, etc. A very major physical change is menopause or the male climacteric. Many physical discomforts and mood changes may accompany menopause and they may become depressed, hostile and self-critical and have wide mood swings. All these usually disappear once endocrine balance is restored. How successfully women make the adjustment to the physical and psychological changes that accompany menopause is greatly influenced by their past experiences and especially the social support available to them.
? Late Adulthood (Old age | 60 Years and Above):
Physical changes include wrinkling of skin, stooped posture, flabbiness of muscles, decreased vision and hearing, a decreased efficiency of cardiovascular system.