Desert Storm When Desert Storm happened when Joe was sixteen. In the beginning of August 1990, Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein order an invasion of Kuwait. Other Arab powers were shocked by this so they called the United States and other Western nations to help out. Saddam Hussein refused to listen to the United Nations Security Council demands to withdraw from Kuwait by mid-January 1991, and the Persian Gulf War began with a huge U.S. air offense known as Operation Desert Storm. On January 17, 1991 Operation Desert Storm was initiated. According to John F. Stewart, “Desert Storm marked many firsts for Army Intelligence.” It was a 42-day U.S. led air offense in response to Saddam Hussein’s invasion of Kuwait. The United States was accompanied by troops sent by NATO allies as well as troops from Egypt and many other Arab nations. According to John F. Stewart, “Every MI command made major contributions to the operation whether in people, systems, intelligence support, logistics, funding, or staffing,” After 42 days of constant attacks lead by the allied coalition in the air and on the ground, President Bush declared a cease-fire on February 28, 1991. By that time most of the Iraqi forces in Kuwait had surrendered or fled. After the long war between Iran and Iraq ended the two states still had to negotiate a permanent peace treaty. Their foreign ministers met in Geneva in July but only two weeks later Saddam Hussein delivered a speech accusing neighboring Kuwait of bringing up unpurified oil from their common border, claiming that Kuwait and Saudi Arabia were conspiring to keep oil prices low to satisfy nations from the west that were buying their oil. Later Iraq began to sending troops to Kuwait’s border. Because of these surprising actions the President of Egypt; Hosni Mubarak, started negotiations between Iraq and Kuwait, but Saddam Hussein ended the negotiations after just two hours. On August 2, 1990 Saddam Hussein ordered the invasion of Kuwait. Alarmed by these actions, two-thirds of the 21 members of the Arab League disapproved Iraq’s actions and they turned to the United States and other members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) for support. President George H.W. Bush of the United States instantly disapproved Iraq’s actions of invasion, as did the governments of Britain and the Soviet Union. On November 29, 1990 the U.N. Security Council authorized the use of “all necessary means” of force against Iraq if the did not withdraw from Kuwait January 15, 1991. Saddam Hussein did not listen to the Security Council, and on January 17, 1991 the Persian Gulf War began with a massive U.S. led air offense known as Operation Desert Storm. Joe had a friend whose brother John fought in Desert Storm, it was a really big deal for the people in his town. Joe grew up with John so he was uneasy about the whole thing, Joe said, “I was really glad that he was fighting for our country but I didn’t like not knowing how he was.” No one knew if John was dead or alive or when he was coming back. “When John came back, he was like this huge hero for us and we all looked up to him,” said Joe. This event must have been very impactful on so many people and families. I know it was very impactful on my dad’s life and he wasn’t even Johns family. I know that if someone I knew went to fight in a war I wouldn’t even know how to react.