Daniel of Justice, National Institute on Drug Abuse,

Daniel Mears is author of Out of Control Criminal Justice, published is 2017. Daniel Mears teaches Criminology at Florida State University College of Criminology and Criminal Justice. Daniel Mears possess a doctorate degree in Criminal Justice.

He conducts research on crime causation and social programs and policies, focusing on criminal and juvenile justice and crime prevention and intervention strategies. As a Principal Investigator or lead researcher, he has conducted studies funded by such federal agencies as the National Council on Disability, National Institute of Justice, National Institute on Drug Abuse, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, and state agencies, including the Florida Department of Corrections, as well as by foundations, including the California Endowment, Hogg Foundation for Mental Health, Joyce Foundation, and the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation (Mears, 2017). Daniel Mears is the author of 3 books and has written several articles and publications regarding the criminal justice system. Daniel Mears stresses the need for evidence practice in the criminal justice system. Dr. Mears has analyzed the criminal justice system and imposed critical thinking to sentencing, recidivism, policies, and the need for criminal justice reform. Daniel Mears interest in theory, research, and policy provided the framework and interest in creating this book.Primary Audience:The primary audience of Out of Control Criminal Justice System is policy makers, administrators, and practitioners.

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Daniel Mears examines the criminal systems and critiques the effects that policies are having on America. The book challenges policy makers to take more accountability and implement changes that are effective. This book contributes to the understanding of the criminal justice system because it addresses needs for reform and provides a solution approach to the need for change.

Daniel Mears uses his knowledge and provide insight into the criminal justice system. Daniels states that several factors contributed this book. Such as long-standing concerns about crime, injustice, education, knowledge, training in sociology, local school board, and student views. He was inspired and supported in writing the book by colleagues, friends, scholars, policy makers, and practitioners.

Purpose of the BookThis book challenges readers not to ignore the flaws of the criminal justice system. However, use policy and research to implement effective change. Daniel Mears states that one of the worse investments is to ignore the criminal justice system and not to provide an effective approach to crime and justice. When policy makers take this approach, the system will fail because the approach will do little to improve outcomes and ultimately be unsuccessful.

Evidence based research on the federal, state, and local level is needed to understand the problem and develop solutions to the problem. With adequate research and infrastructure policy makers can increase public safety and justice (Mears, 2017). Daniel Mears provided insight to a solution approach to improve the criminal justice system. The Systems Solution approach intends to design, implement, and improve policies. The author argues that systemic change needs to occur to improve the criminal justice system (Mears, 2017). Chapter 1: Introduction: Out of Control Criminal Justice Chapter 1 provides an introduction to Out of Control Criminal Justice written by Daniel Mears. The chapter provides an overview of the criminal justice system and explain why the criminal justice system is out of control.

The chapter highlights that the prison, parole, probation, law enforcement, and the court system has expanded over the years. Due to the expansion of these entities there has also been more tax dollars and resources provided. However, there has been little research completing on the effectiveness of the current system.

Due to these issues policy makers have not taken less accountability. The criminal system should focus on research and cost efficiency (Mears, 2017). Daniel Mears introduces to a new system approach that will place the criminal justice system on a better path to improvement, accountability, and implementation of effective policies. This approach is the described by the author as the Systems Improvement Solution.

Daniel Mears argues that a solution should be Undertaking evaluations along these lines constitutes an essential approach to improving public safety, justice, and accountability (Mears, 2017). This chapter contributed to my understanding of the criminal justice system, because it explains the reasons why the recidivism and crime rates are so high in the United States. United States punitive approach to crime, “Get tough on Crime” has not been effective and has led to mass incarceration. We need to create empirical research based approaches to determining how much any given punishment achieves in reduced crime and recidivism, as well as how much retribution we gain. (Mears, 2017).

Real criminal justice reform demands profound social change. The fixation on severe sentences and police brutality masks a hard, uncomfortable truth. This neglect is not accidental. It is a logical implication of dominant theories of mass incarceration (Fortner, 2015).

This approach is not cost effective and has little to improve the system. The United States is the world’s warden, incarcerating a larger proportion of its people than any other country. Since the 1970s, the U.S.

inmate population has increased by more than six-fold. A staggering 7 million people or approximately 1 in every 31 adults are either incarcerated, on parole or probation, or under some other form of state supervision today. These figures understate the enormous and disproportionate impact that this bold and unprecedented social experiment has had on certain groups in the United States (Gootchalk, 2011).

Chapter 2: Systems Problems are Not Specific to Crime and Justice Chapter 2 provides insight regarding system problems. Daniel Mears states that system problems are not specific to crime and justice. Systems are essential to understanding the criminal justice system. Daniel Mears highlights the importance for policy makers to consider the entire system and not just certain policies. Daniel Mears invites readers to analyze the health care, education, environment, manufacturing, and the War on Terror systems and how they function. All of these system problems contribute to societal problems.

It is important to analyze the entire systems. For example, the author explains that the United States invest a lot of spending in to the health care system each year. Therefore, the importance of efficiency is critical.

The United States spends over $9,020 per person in health care each year, almost twice as much as the typical developed country, yet has health care outcomes that are worse (Mears 2017). Daniel Mears argues that improvements sometimes might arise within one part of the system. But these improvements are often offset by problems in some other part.

(Mears, 2017). Daniel Mears discusses the effect that testing has on students. Testing is in place to hold schools accountable for the education and progress of youth. However, instead of the education system focusing on the education system in its entirety it has led to the “teaching to test.” Therefore, teachers devote significant time to prepare students to test verses adequate education. Opponents of performance testing point to potential harms. Testing may provide an invalid assessment of learning.

It “steals” time from the classroom that might be better used to, well, teach students. It also can serve to “rubber-stamp” existing inequalities (Mears, 2017).


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