To ensure there are escapes routes. A safe layout- which allows access and to exit. If there are specific needs of individuals for example wheel chair users they will require more space or someone with visual impairment we should make sure it is the appropriate size for the age of the children. Other factors to take into account include light, heat and noise.
Outdoor environments to take into account could be that the weather is too hot then children should wear sun cream, hats, to stay in the shade and have water. Other factors include supervision and to make sure boundary fences are secure. Play equipment are safe and suitable. Plants can also be dangerous outside for example toxic plants or plants with thorns. We have a duty of care to make sure it’s safe.
There should be a health and safety officer in place. So they can carry out safety checks regularly. There should be walking a round to make sure there are no hazards not being investigated. And if there are hazards identified then it should be reported and recorded immediately. Policies in place are to be read by all staff and to be reviewed annually. Risk assessments (annually- whole building.) annual PAT (portable appliance testing electrics). And an Annual review by the fire service.
3.1) when a more balanced approach is taken and children are given more independence, they are more likely to grow in confidence. Sometimes it is good that they are challenged and out of their comfort zone. So when they make mistakes they can learn from them. This will help them get ready for the world outside of the classroom.
3.2) the dilemma between the rights and choices of young people and health and safety requirements will always be a problem. As children do not understand sometimes or have good judgement to make the best decision. . Although we believe that children sometimes need to have that freedom and to make mistakes so they can learn from them. We have a duty of care that everyone is safe. Where I am at my school the children can climb the climbing frames but they know that I should not jump from the top or start spinning from there as this is a risk to me and should not be done. But sometimes children do and the will learn from their mistakes. But does that mean they should not climb the climbing frame no! As this is all part of the learning process.
3.3) in my setting I always would tell children to sit on their chairs when I am working with them and not to rock on them. And I do mention it them if you do you will fall over and hurt yourself. Or when it is playtime the children start going into the bushes and getting sticks to play with or jumping from the picnic tables. So I tell them to come out of there or get down as they would hurt themselves and it is dangerous. But inevitably some will always do all the mentioned above but I will be there to assist if anyting were to go wrong.