is the most abundant protein in the human body. It accounts for almost one-third
of the protein composition of our body. It is found in all areas of the body including
the skin, tendons, hair and nails. Collagen allows the human body to move
without much effort, and reduces strain put on the body during day to day
activities. Collagen is what helps hold our bodies together as it connects bones
to muscles as well as many other areas of our bodies. Without collagen our
bones would not be able to stand together, and as a result we could not move.
Collagen, as I said before, is found
throughout the body. There are over 22 types of collagen inside our bodies.
Each type depends on the area that it is found in. That being said, the first four
are the most abundant and important. Type one is found in skin, bones, scar
tissue, tendons, and teeth. Type two is found in cartilage and the vitreous
membrane of our eye. Type three is found is in the cells of lungs, blood vessels,
muscles, and of course skin. Finally type four is found in our vertebrae as
well as in the linings of organs. The pure abundance of collagen is very important
as it plays a role in all of these body areas.
Vitamin C is very important in the
production of collagen. Vitamin C is able to interact with amino acids in the
body in a way that produces collagen. Vitamin C releases hydrogen and oxygen
that is picked up by amino acids which is then used to produce collagen. Amino
acids that are necessary for collagen production are threonine and proline. Threonine
is an essential amino acid and can only be gotten from food. Proline on the
other had is a non-essential amino acid that uses vitamin c to produce
C is not produced in the body therefore we have to get it from outside sources.
If we do not get enough vitamin c we develop a deficiency which means, we
cannot produce collagen. Vitamin C deficiency can lead to the breakdown of
other body tissues and can result in scurvy. There are many symptoms of vitamin
c deficiency which include tiredness and weakness, muscle and joint pain, easy
bruising, dry skin, splitting hair, swelling and discoloration of the gums,
bleeding from the gums, nosebleeds, poor immune response, changes in your
bones, tooth loss, and weight loss. Because vitamin c effects your collagen production
many areas of the body are affected by a deficiency.