THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK AND
2.1 Review of Related Foreign
Literature and Case Studies
Project Title: Xi’an Greenhouse
Project Location: Xi’an China
Fig. 188.8.131.52 Render of Xi’an
Greenhouse in China
The Xi’an greenhouse
has a horseshoe plan, creating a loop that changes radically in section to
accommodate a series of unique planting and spatial conditions as seen in Fig.
184.108.40.206. The project is a 37 hectares International Horticultural Expo
and park landscape that is composed of a 5,000 sq. m. Creativity Center, a
4,000 sq.m. Greenhouse and a 3,500 sq. m. Guangyun Entrance bridge.
The horseshoe shape
of the building generates an interior open-air courtyard that serves as its natural
centre which creates a three-dimensional web of interior and exterior circulation.
The materials used in the building
2.1.2 Project Title: Eden
Project Location: Cornwall, England
Fig. 220.127.116.11 Semi Aerial View of
The Eden Project as shown in Fig. 18.104.22.168
is located in a reclaimed Kaolinite Pit. The complex has two large enclosures
consisting of adjoining domes and emulates a natural biome. The biomes consist
of hundreds of hexagonal and pentagonal shapes that is made of inflated,
plastic cells supported by steel frames.
There are two covered biomes at the
bottom of the pit. The tropical biome is used for tropical plants such as
fruiting banana plants, coffee, rubber and giant bamboo, and is kept at a
tropical temperature and moisture level that covers 1.56 hectares of land.
Another, is the Mediterranean Biome that covers 0.654 hectares which houses
familiar warm temperature and arid plants.
Covered Biomes are made from tubular
steel with hexagonal external cladding patterns made from thermoplastic ETFE.
To avoid accidents and dangers, glass was avoided due to its weight. The cladding panels themselves are
created from several layers of thin UV-transparent ETFE film, which are sealed around their perimeter and inflated to create a large cushion. The resulting
cushion acts as a thermal blanket to the structure. The ETFE material is
resistant to most stains, which simply wash off in the rain.
2.1.3 Project Title:
2.2 Review of Related
Local Literature and Case Studies
Project Title: Sunchamp Agri-Tourism Park
Project Location: Rosario, Batangas
Fig. 22.214.171.124 Aerial View of
Sunchamp Agri-Tourism Park, Batangas
126.96.36.199 shows the arial view of Sunchamp Agri-Tourism Park located at Rosario,
Batangas. The concept of this project is combining farming that offers
agricultural tour with tourism. The 145 hectare self-sustaining agriculture-tourism
park not only seeks to empower farmers on having guaranteed market for their
produce but also to uniquely bring tourism. The project developers aim to
develop a park that is open for tourists who could get a closer educational look
at agricultural processes through its facilities.
are various facilities including a greenhouse, farms for mango, mahogany and
asparagus, an orchid nursery and a British Palace Maze Garden shown in Figure
188.8.131.52. The greenhouse facilities are designed for high value crops like
lettuce, bell pepper, tomato, and spices.
Fig. 184.108.40.206 Aerial View of Sunchamp
Agri-Tourism Park’s Maze Garden
research and development center for carabao mango and cacao production was also
opened to guests. The park also has an open events area with a seating capacity
of 50-200 people, an antique house enclosed by a thicket of mahogany that
serves as the museum, accommodations and offers children educational tour
activities like Vermicomposting, meeting exotic birds at the Aviary, pet
animals in the Mini zoo, pick vegetables at the greenhouses, learn about salted
egg production and enjoy at the fish spa. The different and new perspective of
an agri-tourism park and its amenities will attract tourist because of its
2.2.2 Project Title: Peñalosa Farms
Project Location: Victorias City,
Fig. 220.127.116.11 Normal Exterior View
The picture shown in Figure 18.104.22.168 is
the exterior view of a 40,000
sq.m. integrated farm in Victorias City, Negros Occidental
known as Peñalosa Farms that is owned by a farmer named Ramon
“Mon” Peñalosa, Jr.
produces various organic fruits, herbs and vegetables. It also raises its own probiotic based pork,
chicken and other livestock. The design of the building is inspired from a
Native Filipino House with its capiz shell sliding windows and carved wooden
elements. The farm is designed by Architect Michael Andrew Peñalosa, who is also the farm manager.
various amenities and facilities available within the farm such as vertical
garden, Café Organico restaurant, hostel, pig pens, guesthouse, piggery, and chicken
2.2.3 Title: Creating
a Coffee Research, Development and Extension Center, Authorizing
the Appropriation of Funds Therefor, and for Other Purposes – An Act introduced by “Senator
Anotonio “Sonny” F. Trillanes IV
Location: Indang, Cavite
Scanned document of the proposal
The proposal for coffee research,
development and extension center aims to promote the coffee industry of the
Municipality of Indang in the Province of Cavite. As a tribute for the
greatness of coffee, the town’s bountiful and chief harvests, the Cavite State
University raised a campaign for the creation of the center. In the province, a
new festivity is being promoted as a coffee feast celebration in Amadeo namely,
The proposed center
will be located at the Cavite State University campus shown in Fig.22.214.171.124 in Indang, Cavite that will establish
facilities to promote the development of coffee industry in the Philippines.
Normal view of Cavite State University Campus
According to the act proposal, the
general powers and function of the center direct to develop productive, high
yielding, good quality varietys of coffee specifically Exelsa and Liberica, to
produce a gene bank for coffee, upgrade skills and conduct training programs.
The Special Activities of the
Philippine President authorized the amount of 50,000,000 pesos for the
operation, maintenance, research, development, and extension activities.
2.3 Research Paradigm
Fig. 2.3.1 Input Process Output
Fig. 2.3.1 shows that the research started by considering the Sustainable
Development Goals and President Rodrigo Roa Duterte’s Ten Point Socioeconomic
Agenda. Agriculture and Rural Tourism are some of the budget priorities of the
national budget proposed by the current President Duterte. Articles and other
supporting details regarding the agri-tourism in the Philippines from different
sources are gathered and findings have focused on the coffee industry and the
rich culture of Sagada, Mountain Province. Different data about design
technology and techniques are gathered and combined to innovate a green
input represents the gathering of data from different articles and sources
related to analyze the
study. Evidences, related studies about the project, site and design analysis
are some of the details done in process phase that are filtered and combined as
final solution for the proposed project.
2.4 Methods of Research
The descriptive method is used on this study. It is used to
describe the characteristics and details of a population or a phenomenon. This method is used through considering case
studies and related literature about the project. In descriptive method, the subject is being observed in a
completely natural and unchanged natural environment. The researcher observed
the behaviour of tourists and the cultural aspects of the community. This is to
give respect to the tradition of the locals in the municipal.
type of research describes what exists that may help the researcher to uncover
new data and information. The purpose of this research is to describe, observe
and document the study. Case studies involve describing and interpreting
events, conditions, circumstances, or situations that are occurring in the
are also conducted by giving brief interviews or discussion from the related
persons that helped the researcher conclude and filter this study. The proposed
Ganduyan Pidlisan was developed by considering the information gathered from
different aspects used in designing an agri-tourism complex.
2.5 Sources of Data
2.5.1 Primary Sources
126.96.36.199 Mr. Robert L. Pangod, Tourism Development Planning
Agriculture Division Head Officer provided data regarding the number of tourism
arrivals and shares awareness about Sagada’s natural wonders.
188.8.131.52 Mr. Peter P. Ticag, Agriculture
Agriculture Division Officer gave a wide knowledge and data about the coffee
industry, culture and tradition of Sagada and its locals. Helped to point out a
suitable farm lands and site for the project.
about the spaces in planning and other aspects regarding coffee production.
184.108.40.206 Ms. Connie Caloguedan C. Bolares,
Planning and Development
Provided data and information
about the municipality of Sagada, Mountain Province. The municipal planning and
development officer also referred persons who can help contribute to the
research. Gave Sagada’s Comprehensive Land Use Plan and other details regarding
2.5.2 Secondary Sources
220.127.116.11 World Wide Web
Most of the
information is gathered from the internet. Data are sorted and are screened for
the concept of the study. Researched on the promotion coffee industry in
Sagada, Mountain Province on how can this help the locals of the municipality
and be an agri-tourism destination.
Building Code and other physical materials
and explanations regarding the standards in designing adopted into law. Gave
considerations and ideas about designing an agri-tourism complex.
Printed articles and
related supporting details about the development of coffee industry in the
Philippines and the concept of the proposed project.
2.6 Sampling Techniques Used
random sampling technique was used in the application of the research. Random
samples are used to avoid bias and other unwanted effects. Each member of the population
has an equal and known chance of being selected including tourists, locals, head
officers, farmers and others randomly.
The questions asked are about the coffee industry, culture, history,
agriculture and tourism that are explained to the respondents to give them
understanding on answering the survey and interview given. The gathered random
data gave a wide knowledge on how these can help in designing and planning the
project. Considering the needs and wants of individuals could also give idea that
will make the project unique by reflecting their place identity.
Another method used is quota
sampling technique where population is first segmented into mutually exclusive
is used to select the subjects or units from each segment based on a specified
proportion referring into class levels, gender, and socioeconomic status. This
method allows the researcher to observe relationships between subgroups and
creates a controlled variable over populace.
This also helps eliminate individuals that do not fit the concept needed
in the study.
2.7 Data Gathering Procedure
Ten Point Socioeconomic Agenda of the Philippine President was first
researched. The researcher discovered that promotion of rural tourism and
agriculture is one of the agenda’s goals. Tourism makes an important part of
the country’s economy growth together with the local growing coffee industry.
Business trends also gave the idea about connecting agriculture and tourism
(Agri-Tourism), where farming can contribute as an educational and cultural
tool to promote the municipal’s wonders and traditions while having leisure
time. The study is about promoting the Municipal of Sagada, Mountain Province
as a tourist destination and to help the community by increasing employment
methods used in gathering data for this research is mostly from conducting
interviews from different locals, officers and people related to the project.
2.8 Research Instruments Used
Interviews from the locals and related
professionals of the community played a huge role in this study. It helps
strengthen the research and gives ideas on designing a proposal that has the
municipal’s unique identity by reflecting their culture and tradition.
Analysis from the municipal and its
environment supplied the researcher ideas on designing and planning the
proposal on the site. The behaviour of locals and tourists also affect on how
the design will cater the need of its users.
Data and information given by several
reliable departments and offices such as the Planning and Development Office,
Tourism Development Planning Office and Agriculture Office of the Municipality
of Sagada are used and copyrighted.
The internet is a powerful tool that
improves the researcher’s ideas about the proposal by discovering related
studies and innovative designs. It also helped by providing data about the
Municipality of Sagada, Mountain Province.
Laptop and other gadgets
As portable instruments, these helped
to continue the researcher working in different places. It helps on taking
photos, record notes and other data on spot anywhere.
News updates about agriculture and
tourism helped the researcher to come up with the idea. Articles and reports
regarding the problem were compiled to formulate and develop the proposal.