CARD, Mandla Daily Report 30/12/2017 – 5/01/2018 Shreyansh Yadav (17083) Section – 2 1/15/2018 Type the abstract of the document here. The abstract is typically a short summary of the contents of the document. Type the abstract of the document here. The abstract is typically a short summary of the contents of the document.
Date: 30 December, 2017Objective– Introduction to CARD activitiesPeopleinteracted – Mrs. Manisha GargLearning–· Observedvarious skill development training programmes provided at CARD.· CARDrepresents the importance of five major components of livelihood, the five j’sof Hindi script which are; Jal (water), Jangal (forest), Jameen (soil), Janvar(livestock) and Jan (human being) the balance of which enables environmentalprotection & sustainable development.· PRADHANMANTRI KAUSHAL KENDRA (PMKK) centre in Ghugri village of Mandla district is ajoint venture of CARD and Government of India to provide quality skill developmenttraining for the rural people. · TheTejaswani rural women empowerment Programme aims at empowering poor women tomake use of the economic, social and political opportunities for enhancingtheir well- beings.· Fostering Tribal Communities for Livelihood Promotion throughEco-Friendly Honey Harvesting in the Forest Habitations of Mandla District ofMadhya Pradesh Date: 31 December, 2017Objective– To Visit Amarkantak Bio-sphere Reserve.Learning– · Amarkantakis where the Narmada River, the Son River and hila River emerge.· Tropicalpine, was planted in Amarkantak in 1968 on advice of Forest Research Institute,Dehradun on the recommendations of National Commission on Agriculture lookingto the future demand of quality pulp wood· Narmadakundis inside the temple from where the origin of river Narmada is present.
· Theancient temples of Kalachuri period are in the south of Narmadakund, justbehind the temple .These were built by Kalachuri Maharaja Karnadeva (1041–1073AD)· TwoWaterfalls namely Dudh-dhara and Kapil-Dhara.· Theforests surrounding Amarkantak have a rich variety of plants with medicinalproperties, which make it extremely significant from an ecological point ofview .· Severalherbs and plant of medicinal use for example Akarkara , Anantmool , Van Adrak for fever , Gokharu for totreat skin disease Date: 1 January, 2018Objective– Introduction to NTFP Learning– Honey Processing plant –· Makrandis being sucked by bees and then vomited to make honey · Twotypes of honey : Aperi Honey and Wild Honey. Multi flora – Honey that is beingmade from more than one type of flower , Monoflora – Honey that is being madefrom only one type of flower.· TheHoney that is harvested after the April is black in colour and bitter in taste. Honey is harvested three times from the same honey bag in the interval of 1-2weeks .
In one harvest 25% of honey is being left so that it can be · Ifthe moisture content in the honey is greater than 24% the honey get fermented .In Grade 1 honey the moisture content is 20%. Date: 2 January, 2018ActivityCarried out – Survey of Agriculture Practices atVillage Kandra .Learning–· InKharif Crop the farmers mainly grows rice which is mainly dependent onrainwater as there is no irrigation facilities. · InRabi Season the main crops where wheat , peas , pulses etc. · Hands on experience in conducting FGD, Resourcemapping and Transect walk.· Interaction with the villagers.
· Observed the major issues and problems of the villageduring transect walk and FGD.· Identified the village commons. Date: 3 January, 2018Activitycarried out – Visit to Kanha National Park(JungleSafari)Learning– · KanhaNational Park was created on 1 June 1955 and in 1973 was made the Kanha TigerReserve.· Kanhanational Park is divided into two areas first area is Buffer area which is 1134sq.Km , The buffer area might be an area for experimental research, or mayinvolve ways to manage natural vegetation, agricultural land, forests,fisheries or ranchland to enhance overall quality of production whileconserving natural processes and biodiversity. and second is core area which is of 940 sq.
km under core strategy ofProject Tiger , information from the core areas may be used to assess thesustainability of activities, or the maintenance of environmental quality, insurrounding areas. · InKanha there are three types of forests – 1. Moist peninsular high level Sal 2. Southern tropical moist deciduous forest mixed forest.
3. Southern tropical dry deciduous forest mixed forest.· Aconservation effort in this national park is the reintroduction of barasingha.The objective of this project is to introduce about 500 barasingha in thisnational park to eight or nine different locations.· KanhaTiger Reserve has species of tigers, leopards, wild dogs, wild cats, foxes ,jackals , chital , sambhar , gaur , barasingha etc.· Totalpopulation of tiger in Kanha national park is 83 tigers and 42 cubs which ishighest in the tiger reserves of Madhya Pradesh. Date: 4 January, 2018Activitycarried out – Visit to Kanha National Park andRelocated village from core area of the Kanha National park.
Learning– · Twomain tribes lives in Kanha are Baiga and Gond . Administrative districts areMandla and Balaghat .· Members of the Baiga tribe, a semi-nomadic tribe of centralIndia that is reliant on the forest, had been living in 28 villages within theKanha National Park until 1968, after which they were relocated. The relocationwas part of an effort to maintain a critical tiger habitat.
· The compensation given to thefamilies which where relocated from the Core area of the park was either thehouse and agriculture field or the money amount of Rs 10 lakhs for each family.· The land given to families foragriculture practices where not suitable for growing crops as the land was inrocky and hilly areas. Date: 5 January, 2018Activities conducted· Visitto production division of forest department, Mandla.· Visitto forest nursery.Facilitators: DFO, ACF and forest guardsObservations and learnings· Firsthandexperience in seed treatment in teak, rhizome propagation of bamboo.· Informationregarding Vandhoodh scheme.
· Techniquesfor measuring timber yield and quality.· Firsthandknowledge in various nursery operations of khamer and sandalwood.