“Capitalism components of self-destruction and is an economic

  “Capitalismis soul destroying. The only way forward is a revolution!”AfterKarl Marx’s powerful, out of nowhere statement, each theorist is left staringat one another without saying a word. Marx’s reassure them all that it isindeed true that capitalism is soul destroying and the only way forward is a revolution. According to Marx, “the ideas ofthe ruling class are in every epoch the ruling ideas (Marx & Engles 1978:172)” Capitalism is a system basedon individual investments in the productions of marketable goods. Furthermore,the system itself is self-destroyinghumans. Marx thinks that capitalismis soul destroying because capitalism leads to alienation.

Humans not onlybecome a stranger to the product they aremaking but to themselves as well. “…this realization of labour appears as loss of reality for the workers (Marx &Engles 1978:71).” Therefore, the next step forward is a revolution because that it the only way the proletariat couldrevolt against the bourgeoisie. After Marx explained a bit what he meant, AdamSmith gives him the stare.

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He does not agree with Marx. For Smith revolution isnot necessary because it would disrupt stability and order. In which are bothimportant in a society.

Both Marx and Smith look at Tocqueville, who has not said anything yet as he’s still eatinghis cookies. Tocqueville looks up and statesthe bigger issue at play is a democracy.This is so otherwise the bourgeoisie will rise and rule a fake society withoutindependence and individuality.

The silence fills up their booth until Marxdecided to start again and try to explain his statement. Marx explains that his main problem is exploitation. He’s interested inclass struggles, particularly the bourgeoisie and proletariat. Which isessentially the oppressed fighting against their oppressors for equality.According to Marx, classical tragedy explicitly exists. For being the bestbourgeoisie there is, they are destroying themselves making way for theproletariat in the future.

In which they are not aware of. Thecommunist manifesto explains how the working class will end up with an amazingfuture. The owners of the mean ofproduction also known as the bourgeoisie are capitalists. Marx argued thebourgeoisie exploited the proletariat.

Their work gave created wealth for thebourgeoisie. For example, through tangible commodities and congealed labour. “The emancipation of working class mustbe the act of the working class itself (Marx & Engles 1978:532).” For Marx,capitalism contained components of self-destruction and is an economic system. Marxargued each new ruling class had self-servingbelief system installed in them. The idea becomescommon ideas which translate into thenorm. However, Marx saw that by accepting the mindsets of the elite, peoplemiss out on how it does not reflect everyone’s interest.

Revolution is when apopulation rises to revolt against authorities. Which in this case, theproletariat rising to the bourgeoisie. Thecrisis in capitalists’ production will resultin revolutionary activities. The only way to escape is if the proletariatsurpasses the bourgeoisie in leading a revolution.

Non-elite classes need toreject those ideas and develop a class of their own. That’s the only way out.With this success, a new society will form. In which things will be shared among everyone. As well as the class structure would disappear.

As Marxfinishes his long explanation to his friends on why capitalism is hurtinghumans and revolution is key, he takes a sip of his coffee and gives them thestare. Not being intimidated by Marx, Smith decides to jump in and say hispiece on the issue. Smithstarts off by saying how a nation’s wealth is what’s important. The rise ofdifferent types of employment is key. ForSmith, free market and the invisible hand is what creates a positive outcome ina society. The idea where consumers and producers are helping each otherwithout knowing.

People will invest in capital in pursuit of profit.  This hidden system results in the marketalways being in equilibrium. In which includes the law of supply and demand,leaving the government to have little to do with the system. When people startup business to make money, the government act in a way to unable naturalliberty. Smith believes in capitalism because, ina free market, citizens can gain money and spend it like they please.

Smithdoes not think capitalism is soul destroying like Marx does because consumersand workers are somewhat equal. In the sense that they can do anything theywant their own money. Everyone’s market and the naturalprice is different in accordance withone’s need and benefit. This helps humanity to better their conditions becausemany are investing and saving. ForSmith, revolution is not the only way forward to a “better” society. In fact,Smith believes revolution does no good because it disrupts order and stability.

Which are far more important values than creating a revolution? Without being able to properly conclude his point, Marx interrupts. He tells Smith thatthe problem lies in the production ofgood and its distribution. All of which will resultin a division of class. However, to avoid this division of class, there must arevolution of some sort. Instead of everyone equally getting resources,resources will only be made to those who can afford it.  With calm nature, Tocqueville waits for a silence to break before explaininghis piece. He wants both Marx and Smith to be able to comprehend his idea aboutthe issue.

Tocquevilleexplains to his friends that his focus is the living standards and conditionsof individuals in American democracy. However, it does not mean that he can’targue the issue because America faces the same problems just differently. He isinterested in the dangers it faces due to social influences.

Consideringdemocracy can’t be perfect, the citizenshould know the factors that play a role in all this. As well as theconsequences. Tocqueville perspective on capitalism is it’s a road toservitude.

He does not speak about it in great details but does explain howpeople will eventually conform. Which could lead to cliques? Tocqueville is less concerned with capitalismbecause if it leads to revolution democracy will be in greater danger. For themain danger is the excessive love of sharing.

Though he never explicitly saidhe agrees with Marx, they both share a similar idea. He envisions society likeMarx in which they agree that civil society is like a business. “…where the citizensare nearly on an equality, it becomes difficult for them to preserve theirindependence against the aggressions of power (de Tocqueville 2002:72)”. Tocqueville speaks about differentrevolutions in which all their soulpurpose is to establish a political system and transform a new society. Marx tellsTocqueville that capitalism is incompatible with democracy because capitalismis the dictatorship of bourgeoisie and democracy entails rule by the people. Aftereach theorist passionate explanation on the issue, they once again remain insilence.

Marx recaps his point. He insists that capitalism is self-destroyingand the only way to escape it is to set up a new system. By ignoring thisproblem, the oppressors will continue to oppress. Workers will continue to feela great disconnection with everything around them.

Smith ends with saying thattaking away order and stability from a society will only create chaos. In whichwill cause a greater division. Tocqueville adds how the bourgeoisie needs to step away because if not, society willbe given rules that would turn society chaotic.

There’s a need for independence. When all three theorists aredone recapping their ideas to each other, they all walk and go their separateways.      


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