Cambodia is located in Southeast asia. It has amassive lowlands, great rivers and it lies among an important trade routeslinking to China & India.
It influences a lot of Asian cultures, along the side of those in France and the United States, it can also be seen in the capital Phnom Penh, that is one of aproblem urban center in the huge country .Cambodia covers about 176,515 of landand it has 4,520 of water, making it the 90th biggest nation in the world witha total area of 181,035 square kilometers.This country became a bold state in1953, after overcoming its power from France.Cambodia population was 14,952,665back in 2012 and the nation had a density of 85 people per squarekilometer.Cambodia shares lands borders with 3 countries, and that is Thailand, Vietnam, Lao people’s Democratic Republic. The country was in the capital of the Khmer, Cambodianempire.
Until the 9th through the 15th century, which is a period that isexamined in the classical time of Cambodian history. It is the most dramaticmonuments a temple is built in the 12th century by King Suryavarman the second, and Angkor Thom.The 20th century back thenfor Cambodia was a disaster. The country was plotted by Japan in World War 2and became “collateral damage” in the Vietnam War, with bombings. In 1975, theKhmer Rouge ruled its powers; they murdered about 1 out of 5 of their owncitizens in a mad of wild behavior. Not all of Cambodian history is dark. Between the 9thand 13th centuries, Cambodia was home to the Khmer Empire, which was left behind the incredible monumentssuch as Angkor Wat.
The city of Angkor served as a royal center, whicha dynasty of Khmer kings ruled one of the largest kingdoms in the history of Southeast Asia. From the last decade of the 9th century whenKing Yashovarman made Angkor his place of residence. Until the early years ofthe 13th century, the Angkor kings ruled over a territory made it longer fromthe tip of the Indochinese Peninsula northward to modern Yunnan province, China, and from Vietnam toward the Bay of Bengal. During this period, the rulers made use of the vastresources of labour and wealth at their disposal to carry out a series ofconstruction projects designed to glorify both themselves, their gods, andtheir capital city. After King Jayavarman the seventh , the power of thekingdom lowered until the finally, after the armies of the Tai state of Ayutthaya was catched and sacked Angkor in 1431, the city wasmostly abandoned.
Some of the temples at Angkor gave expression toIndian cosmological and mythical themes, were built in order for the cults, towhich the kings and other members of the royal family could be secure ofimmortality by becoming identified with Shiva, or one of the other pre gods ofthe realm. Angkor Wat, the greatest and one of the most famous of all templesin the Angkor, was built by King Suryavarman the second in the 12th century as a vast funeraltemple, which it remains were to be deposited, and it was representedconfirming his permanent identity Vishnu. Khmer is the language of Cambodia. The Cambodianlanguage is from the Mon-Khmer languagefamily. Khmer is known for possessing one of the largest sets of alphabets; ithas 33 consonants, 23 vowels and 12 vowels. While some wish to learn withinjust a few phrases before or even when visiting Cambodia, English is widelyspoken and understood.
French and Mandarin are also spoken mainly in thecountry; mostly older Cambodians speak French and many people in theKhmer-Chinese population speak Mandarin. The Cambodian language is known as Khmer or theMon-Khmer language has played an important role of many Southeast Asian languages.Cambodian is spoken in present-day Cambodia, Vietnam and Thailand. Theinfluence of the Old Khmer language in the time of the Khmer Empire’s reign isstill relevant in the region to this day.The word “Khmer” is used to not onlyto the official Cambodian language but as to the national Cambodian population.About 90 percent of Cambodia’s inhabitants are natural Khmer; the rest aremostly of Vietnamese or Chinese origin. A number of semi-nomadic tribal groupscan also be found in this country.Cambodian is classified as a member of theMon-Khmer family, one out of two groups within the languages it is spokenthroughout southern Asia.
With more than 90% of Cambodian are Buddhismfollowers, festival and pagodas are much in their lives.The dance and performancesare created in the songs in festivals and it is also carrying Buddhism.In thefestival of Hinduism, they seem to be more grateful in terms of dancing andmusic like the ancient flocks of Pin Peat with the main instruments are made ofbamboo, and wood.
The ancient dance tributes the creator of Hinduism, the courtdance is originated from the character Aspara in the legend of Hinduism. Thereare plenty of ethnic groups in Cambodia and each of them has the different typeof dance, that gives the unforgettable cultural feast for their visitors whenthey visit.The culture and the communication of Cambodian is managed by thefaith in religions and they are a lot like the other countries. There are manyspecial things, that are needed to be avoided when being on the pagodacountries.There are a lot of traditional music in Cambodia which isn’tinfluenced by any other conditions. They have the traditional color of Khmer,respect the ancestor or offering.In the development of Khmer people, they havedeveloped many instruments to express their feelings in daily working andprotecting their land . For many years of ups and downs, Khmer still have manytypical and unique musical instruments which surprise and attract thetourists.
Some instruments of ethnic groups who are living in highland.Thedancing performance is very beautiful. There are about more than 100 kinds ofperformance. The special part of it is there is dancing in every song whichcould be in Western style.
The most famous are: bangle dance, Saravan dance,Romkher Bach.Cambodia is struggling to throw off the hard times ofthe past in education and in many others ways. Although education is free,enrolment fees may vary according to parents position is society and hence thepoor are often still deprived of their rights.The process begins with 6 yearsof education. Six years of secondary education follow divided into 2 phasesaccording to the Vietnamese model.
There is a tightness between Buddhist schoolsand state ones recovering from a previous revolutionary government. Teachersare underpaid and may out live by either charging unofficial fees, or bymoonlighting while classrooms remain unattended. There is still a considerableway to go, to catch up to the standards prevailing before the days of KhymerRouge.For centuries the poor of Cambodia have been struggling with little hopefor self improvement.
In today’s society the government has programs in place toclose the gap, and give its people new light and hope in future for theirchildren. Despite the roughness of the past, higher education isavailable at the Royal University of Phnom Phen, the Royal AgriculturalUniversity, the Royal University of Fine Arts, and various Faculties ofMedicine, of Law and Economics, and of Business. The Higher Technical Institute ofSoviet-Khymer Friendship has been rebranded the Institute of Technology ofCambodia, while the Australian-funded Maharishi Vedic University functions inrural Prey Veng Province. The Royal University of Phnom Phen is Cambodia’soldest university that was founded in1960 by the Cambodian King in use with French money. It was reopened in 1998,and now 4,000 students may study Khmer literature, biology, chemistry, computerscience,and many more.