Therenaissance was a time of wonderful art, though one artist in particular stoodout, that was Sandro Botticelli. This man created some of the most renownedpieces of art in European history; one great painting was Allegory of Spring.This mythological artwork was an amazing change from the normalcy of past times.Botticellis Allegory of Spring, painted in 1482, is one of the mostremarkable and astounding pieces of renaissance art with the wondrous symbols,style, story of the piece and also the intriguing history of Botticelli himself.Botticelli is considered one of the greatest artists of the Renaissance; one ofhis finest works was Allegory of Spring.
Botticelli, originally named Alessandrodi Mariano Filiapepi, was born in Florence, Italy in 1445. He was nicknamed “Botticelli”;meaning little barrel, this name was originally bestowed upon his older brotherbut for some reason passed on to and adopted by his little brother (4:68). Hewas first an apprentice to a goldsmith, though at about age thirteen or fourteenhe stopped training and traded to painting. He was an apprentice to FilippoLippi.
This mans style formed many of Botticellis early works. Botticellialso worked with painter and engraver Antonio del Pollaiuolo. Botticelli had hisown workshop by 1470; there he spent most of his life working for many greatfamilies in Florence at the time, especially the Medici family. As one of theartist in the court of Lorenzo de Medici, he was immensely influenced by itsChristian Neoplatonism (5:7). With this in mind he tried to reconcile classicaland Christian views. Though working for himself a lot he was also commissionedby many others. He joined Perugino, Ghirlandaio, and Rosselli from 1481 for oneyear to paint frescos for the Sistine Chapel. Botticelli worked with someconsequential artist of the Florentine Renaissance, which would shape and changehis style of painting.
Botticellis works are seen as a landmark of highrenaissance. He created some of the greatest works of this time. His earlypieces were mostly of the virgin and child (1:78). He first made a name forhimself when in 1470 he was public commissioned to paint Fortitude, which wouldbe hung in the Trade law court in Florence. One of his first real milestones wasthe creation of the Adoration of the Magi, which he painted around 1473-1475.
This painting veered away from some of his earlier more morbid content. This wasone of the first pieces commissioned by the Medici family, who in this case gavemany guidelines for the young Botticelli to follow. Botticelli would go on topaint Portrait of an unknown man with a medallion of Cosimo the Elder, in thesame time period (5:42). Then he would create one of the most well knownAllegory of Spring, quite different subject matter from times before with theconceptions of mythological characters and a defined plot. Then in 1481 he wentto Rome to work on frescos of the Sistine Chapel ordered by Pope Sixtus IV.After this he went on to create the sister painting to Allegory of Spring, Birthof Venus. Botticelli continued to create heroic works of art portraying manydifferent stories and characters. He painted an array of religious artwork aswell as portraits and mythological pieces.
He was a well-rounded painter whowill influence the art world for centuries after his death in 1510.Botticellis style of painting was a combination of the influences of histeacher, but the time and his own creative energy help determine much of hiswork. Botticelli was an apprentice to Lippi who had a huge influence and himdefined many of his early works. Lippi taught Botticelli the concept of drawingoutlines, this was to create the effect of transparency, and to give thepainting a certain fluidity and harmony (2:69). A viewer can see this in many ofBotticellis work including Allegory of Spring.
Botticelli was also influencedby the Pollaiolo brother whom he also works with. These men taught him emotiveforce and also the usage of color. An obvious idea, which can be viewed in manyof Botticellis allegorical paintings, including Allegory of Spring, is thegreater amount of luminosity, as well as a softer look of pride (2:70).Botticelli wanted to accentuate the elegance of the pose and the decoration ofthe characters also.
This artist held a great adhesion to the neo-platonic styleof Marsilio Ficino and Agnolo Poliziano. Not only was Botticelli influenced bycertain people of this time he was also influenced by the