Author’s Claim/ Argument: The author is claiming that capitalism is only for therich, treating the poor and working class like slaves leaving them unable tofight for themselves.
This causes manyinjustices and inequality in the society. Why did the author choose this claim or argument? Upton Sinclair is a socialist who is trying to shed lighton the injustices of capitalism and how socialism could potentially rescue themfrom capitalism. What is the tone of the piece? Celebratory? Critical?Sarcastic? Serious? Humorous? Personal? Impersonal? Mocking? Give Evidence. The tone in the book is critical and intense. It isexplaining the problems of capitalism and focuses on one family’sproblems. They describe the people withunfair deals as “enemies lurking for them” with “the monstrous, hideous,demoniacal wickedness” of high prices. How does the tone reveal the bias of the author? Howdoes the tone contribute to the purpose of the piece? Give Evidence.
The tone allows us to understand that Sinclair isstrongly against capitalism and favors socialism. The tone reveals the severityof the hardships that Jurgis’ family and all the working class goes throughdaily. “…low-class and mostly foreign…alwayson the verge of starvation…under the system of chattel slavery.” What is the author’s purpose? To explain? To inform?To anger? Persuade? Amuse? Motivate?Theauthor’s purpose is to inform the public of the terrible conditions of theworking class through the capitalist system.
Why does the author choose this purpose? What effectdoes it create?Theauthor chose to inform the public through the hardships that one family goesthrough. This way the author uses pathosto help the reader connect and uses the readers outrage to gain support inrevealing the problems in capitalism.Who is the author’s intended audience? Upton Sinclair’s intended audience was the public in general,but he also wanted to reach the government. Why does the writer engage this audience? Listevidence that supports the intended audience. “For I speak with the voice of millions who arevoiceless.” He wanted to open the eyesof the public and government to the injustices that so many people are havingto face in silence. In a hope that something could be done to better theirlives.
How did the writer arrange his or her ideas? What arethe patterns of arrangement? Particular to general? Broad to specific? Spatial?Chronological? Alternating? Block? The book is written in chronological order with a fewexceptions. It starts with the weddingscene which fits in latter on in the book, but other than that it goes in theorder that he is experiencing everything. Did the arrangement of ideas, or the way the authordeveloped them create some sort of effect? What purpose does it serve? Why didthe author arrange his/her ideas this way? The use of chronological order helps the readerunderstand the book easier. The readeris reading the events in the order that they happen and that makes it fell morereal. It allows you to understand whyand how some things happen and why people react the way they do. How does the writer use diction? Is it formal?Informal? Technical? Jargon? Slang? Is the language connotative? Denotative?Are certain words repeated? Is the language emotionally evocative? The writer’s diction is informal, butdescriptive. He is describing all theconditions that they have to work through and makes it so that you can pictureit in your head.
It is written in theway that shows their struggle and makes you sympathetic towards them withnegative diction. Why does the author use this type of diction? Whateffect does it create? The author uses this diction because it is written in away that everyone can understand. Itallows people to connect with one of the characters and fell disgusted with theway the working class is being treated and how they have to just try and adaptto life like that.
What type of appeals does the writer use? Ethos?Logos? Pathos? How does the write establish his/her credibility? What emotionsdoes the writer want to evoke in the reader? How does the writer create alogical argument? The author uses pathos, logos and ethos. He uses pathos by using a family that issuffering under the communist society. Logos are used show the benefits of socialismover capitalism. He also uses ethos to add credibility to the book for thereaders to believe it.
He gave the family a first-hand experience with theeffects of capitalism. Why would the writer choose to use these appeals? Which appeal is the most effective in provingthe author’s claim? How do the appeals affect the tone of the work? The writer uses these appeals to strengthen the bookand have a greater effect on the reader. Logos was probably the most effective in proving the authors claim. Hewants to show that capitalism is treating the working class like slaves and hedoes so with reason. Any other important rhetorical features or strategiesyou noticed? What tropes does the writer use (irony, allusion, simile,metaphor, etc.
) Does the writer use repetition or emphasis on punctuation? The author uses similes and metaphors. When Jurgis gets his first job it is saidthat he “burst into the house like a cyclone, to the rage of the numerouslodgers” to show his excitement for his job. After Jurgis’ wife give birth and he enter the room he describes her “aswhite as a piece of chalk” to help the reader picture how sick she is then. Why were these used? Do they influence the reader inanyway? Similes and metaphors help put an image in the readershead.
They help the reader see the troubles that the working class is goingthrough or the joy when Jurgis gets his first job. There is more feeling in the book when yourhetorical features.