Assignment A Part 1 · Dharma: law,


Part 1

Dharma: law, duty, righteousness, or “religion”, all
of which have to do with living in a way that upholds social order

Moksha: liberation, the final release from the trials and
tribulations of samsara,

Part 2

chosen from Bhagavad Gita: “Krishna’s broader teaching in the Gita resolves
tension between dharma (moral obligation) and moksha (“Release”
or “freedom”, spiritual liberation from material life) by forming a
triad with bhakti (worship, love, devotion) as the mediating term (“The
Two Paths”; “The Path of Devotion”). Dharma as a blueprint for
the organization and maintenance of society had to respond to the appeal of the
Buddhist goal of release from transmigration (nirvana) but also to the potentially
even more disruptive appeal of the similar Hindu goal of moksha, which made
major social headway since the time of the early Upanishads. Ideas about both
dharma (and the closely related karma) and moksha had been in the air for
centuries, but now they were brought into direct confrontation with one another
in the Bhagavad Gita.”

Part 3

Experiential Dimension: Moksha plays a large role in the
experiential dimension of Hinduism. It has and can be compared to self-realization.
Moksha is the union of the atman with Brahman. It is the end of the cycle of
life and death. Moksha is often indescribable, and can be interpreted many
different ways, depending on the individual. Some Hindus believe moksha can be
achieved by a living person, and others believe that death comes before moksha.
Either way, this freedom from samsara is considered “an infinite awareness and
eternal bliss.” There are three main paths that can be taken to moksha, and all
involve the freedom of each individual’s atman.

Ethical Dimension: Dharma involves upholding moral and ethical obligations
and maintaining social order. Dharma can include a person’s own moral
obligations (family), and social obligations. Dharma assists with the
distinction between what is considered right or wrong in the eyes of Hindus. As
mentioned in the passage above, dharma can be compared to a blueprint. It
should be followed in order to maintain order and peace. If these obligations
are carried out by Hindus (and conform to dharma), it is believed that they can
and will have a “good life.”


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