ASCI Major airports receive hundreds of noise

ASCI
202 Case Analysis- Aviation Environmental Issues

Summary

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            There are countless noise complaints made
against all major commercial airport regardless of location within the United
States.  There are websites dedicated to
aiding citizens in filing lawsuits against airports, as well as, the airlines
themselves (Beckman, 2017).  The Federal Aviation Administration
recognizes the issues associated with the noise produced at major airports, not
caused by an airplane alone, but by the high volume of traffic departing and
arriving on a regular basis (Federal Aviation Administration,
2018). 

Problem

            Major airports receive hundreds of noise complaints each
year.  In 2015, Tampa International
Airport received 722 complaints.  This
high number of complaints, triple that of 2014, was primarily due to a change
in route structure and active runway in order to facilitate airport
construction, however, it receives an average of over 200 complaints annually (Griffin,
2016).

Significance
of the Problem

            Many studies have
been conducted in order to determine the effects of airport noise on the
citizens that live near them.  One study
performed by Harvard University’s School of Public Health estimated that there
are approximately six million people living near 89 airports within the United
States.  Health issues, such as sleep
disorders, nervousness, and increased stress levels, have been tied to cardiovascular
disease, which was linked to 30 percent of the total deaths in 2008.  This number is higher in the elderly that
live near airports.  In the study it was
determined that 2.3% of the patients admitted for cardiovascular issues was
contributed to airport noise (Chedekel, 2013).     

Development
of Alternative Actions

Alternative
Action 1. Create programs to study and address the impacts of
noise on communities around airports.

Advantages. 
Tampa International Airport has created a Noise Monitoring
Office.  This section allows local citizens
to file complaints, see planned airport deviations, and answers general
questions with regards to airplane noise and the impacts associated.  Along with filing a monthly noise report to
the public, it also holds monthly Community Noise Consortiums (Tampa
International Airport, 2018).   

Disadvantages.  With the constant need
for airports to expand or civil land owners continuing to build homes within
the flight path of the major runways, the problems of airport noise are not going
away.  This program allows the community
to make grievances but does nothing to eliminate the issue and the associated
health impacts.  Tampa International does
have initiatives to purchase navigation easements and soundproofing surrounding
neighborhoods (Tampa International Airport,
2018).
 

Alternative
Action 2.  Design
aircraft that produce tolerable noise levels.

            Advantages.  Aircraft being used today
are already 75% quieter than first generation jet aircraft.  Reducing the amount of noise produced by each
aircraft will reduce the overall noise level endured by those living near busy
major airports.  Technologies being used
today to achieve a lower noise level will also increase fuel efficiency, in
turn, lowering the operating cost (Enviro.Aero, 2018).   

            Disadvantages.  The biggest disadvantage to using a
quieter engine is with the research and development.  The popular General Electric GE-90 engine
used in several commercial plans costs approximately $24 million (Okulski,
2011),
while the latest in the GE line, the GE-9X, is reported to cost approximately
$41.4 million per unit (Kellner, 2016).  With the price near double the legacy engine
the flying consumer can expect to pay the bill.

Recommendations

            Based on the two alternative
actions, action 2 presents the most effective means of reducing noise around
major airports.  The expectation for
airports to reduce the amount of noise caused by the air carriers is not
realistic nor do the airports have the ability to do much more than hear the complaints
of the people.  The Federal Aviation
Administration is hoping its NEXTGEN program will aid in the reduction by mitigating
congestion on the airways, however, with the growing need for air travel
reducing the noise produced is more viable than masking the current noise level (Federal
Aviation Administration, 2018).

ASCI
202 Case Analysis- Aviation Environmental Issues

Summary

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For You For Only $13.90/page!


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            There are countless noise complaints made
against all major commercial airport regardless of location within the United
States.  There are websites dedicated to
aiding citizens in filing lawsuits against airports, as well as, the airlines
themselves (Beckman, 2017).  The Federal Aviation Administration
recognizes the issues associated with the noise produced at major airports, not
caused by an airplane alone, but by the high volume of traffic departing and
arriving on a regular basis (Federal Aviation Administration,
2018). 

Problem

            Major airports receive hundreds of noise complaints each
year.  In 2015, Tampa International
Airport received 722 complaints.  This
high number of complaints, triple that of 2014, was primarily due to a change
in route structure and active runway in order to facilitate airport
construction, however, it receives an average of over 200 complaints annually (Griffin,
2016).

Significance
of the Problem

            Many studies have
been conducted in order to determine the effects of airport noise on the
citizens that live near them.  One study
performed by Harvard University’s School of Public Health estimated that there
are approximately six million people living near 89 airports within the United
States.  Health issues, such as sleep
disorders, nervousness, and increased stress levels, have been tied to cardiovascular
disease, which was linked to 30 percent of the total deaths in 2008.  This number is higher in the elderly that
live near airports.  In the study it was
determined that 2.3% of the patients admitted for cardiovascular issues was
contributed to airport noise (Chedekel, 2013).     

Development
of Alternative Actions

Alternative
Action 1. Create programs to study and address the impacts of
noise on communities around airports.

Advantages. 
Tampa International Airport has created a Noise Monitoring
Office.  This section allows local citizens
to file complaints, see planned airport deviations, and answers general
questions with regards to airplane noise and the impacts associated.  Along with filing a monthly noise report to
the public, it also holds monthly Community Noise Consortiums (Tampa
International Airport, 2018).   

Disadvantages.  With the constant need
for airports to expand or civil land owners continuing to build homes within
the flight path of the major runways, the problems of airport noise are not going
away.  This program allows the community
to make grievances but does nothing to eliminate the issue and the associated
health impacts.  Tampa International does
have initiatives to purchase navigation easements and soundproofing surrounding
neighborhoods (Tampa International Airport,
2018).
 

Alternative
Action 2.  Design
aircraft that produce tolerable noise levels.

            Advantages.  Aircraft being used today
are already 75% quieter than first generation jet aircraft.  Reducing the amount of noise produced by each
aircraft will reduce the overall noise level endured by those living near busy
major airports.  Technologies being used
today to achieve a lower noise level will also increase fuel efficiency, in
turn, lowering the operating cost (Enviro.Aero, 2018).   

            Disadvantages.  The biggest disadvantage to using a
quieter engine is with the research and development.  The popular General Electric GE-90 engine
used in several commercial plans costs approximately $24 million (Okulski,
2011),
while the latest in the GE line, the GE-9X, is reported to cost approximately
$41.4 million per unit (Kellner, 2016).  With the price near double the legacy engine
the flying consumer can expect to pay the bill.

Recommendations

            Based on the two alternative
actions, action 2 presents the most effective means of reducing noise around
major airports.  The expectation for
airports to reduce the amount of noise caused by the air carriers is not
realistic nor do the airports have the ability to do much more than hear the complaints
of the people.  The Federal Aviation
Administration is hoping its NEXTGEN program will aid in the reduction by mitigating
congestion on the airways, however, with the growing need for air travel
reducing the noise produced is more viable than masking the current noise level (Federal
Aviation Administration, 2018).

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