Around the late 18th and early 19th centuries began an era of change, the time where women started reformation. It was ” The Women’s Suffrage”. The word( suffrage) itself means the right to vote; in this case women wanted the right to vote. They wanted the same equalities that men had, and even complained that african american men got that privilege first because of the 15th amendment. Susan B. Anthony, Elizabeth Cady Stanton and much more activists played important roles in allowing this movement to occur, which allowed the 19th amendment to be passed. Feminism is the encouragement of women’s rights on the basis of the equality of the sexes.
Three waves of feminism arose. The first one focused on ending slavery in the 1830s, which started a time of social reform. Although women had rights, they didn’t have the right to vote or could not participate in public roles.There were four important women that brought up the Seneca Falls Convention. Lucretia Mott was born in an island and being a quaker, having a strong belief in faith and equality. Worked as a teacher assistant.
Around 1840, her husband and her went to the Anti-Slavery Convention(denied women to participate), she was refused access, so this led her to become one of the main activists to in the temperance movement. Susan B. Anthony was born February 15, 1820 in Adams, Massachusetts. She was a women’s activist and reformer, who is one of the many that played an important role in the women’s suffrage. From a young age, she always had that vision of education. She wanted to engage knowledge in the importance of education.
This lead her to teach in classrooms and later to become an activist for the movement that was soon to start. Elizabeth Cady Stanton is the leader of the women’s movement and the meeting held at Seneca Falls. Being raised in New York, her dad was a lawyer, making her highly educated. She too accompanied her husband to the Anti-Slavery Convention and was denied access. Where she was introduced to Mott, both argued about the unfairness in this, so they decided to create a meeting for women’s rights. Lucy stone being the last women, she was an activist and promoted organizations for women’s rights. These activists along with many women, would have small meetings, where they would try to find ways to get their rights like men.
Although they did try to make drastic changes, not much was successfully achieved. Not until 1848.Thomas Jefferson stated, ” All men are created equal,” in the Declaration of Independence.
He was only referring to american white men, which made many women argue that they deserved the right to vote as did every american citizen, so this started the first women’s national convention, The Declaration of Sentiments. In 1848, Seneca Falls, New York, a meeting was held where activists leaders, Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony were the ones who proposed this document. Changing the phrase to ” All men and women are created equal”. This was the beginning of the women’s activism. The movement was growing, but so were the attacks. Women would try to prove a point by dressing in lesser and comfortable clothing.
They wore pants that were known to be “bloomers”. This was then showed up in media in newspapers and television. This brought many movements to occur. In 1869, Elizabeth and Susan made one of the first organizations, The American Equal Rights Association. Their main goals were on suffrage for all genders. Another association came out this year, The National Woman’s Suffrage Association created by Elizabeth, Susan And Frederick Douglas. Being a more comprehensive alliance, and prospering to achieve the constitutional vote for women. This later broke out because the NWSA refused to work with the ratification of the 15th amendment and suggested to make a 16th, where their was equal justice, making Frederick Douglass leave.
Susan wrote a speech, informing of the roles women have in their jobs and their salary. Emphasizing that they just want the same opportunities that men have.1872, elections were being held and Susan B. Anthony wanted to try something. She casted her vote in the ballot and two weeks later was arrested.
1873, her case was available and the judge began to question her and she began to tell of her important speeches. She denied to pay her fine, but later was released. Another organization came around. Alice Paul created the National Women’s Party. From there, Congress was being introduced to the ideas in 1878, years passed and the 19th Amendment was ratified in 1920, allowing women the right to vote.
This increased divorce for multiple white women. They wanted to work and have educational opportunities, but some husbands did not approve. Then it brought up the second wave of feminism to start.
The second wave focuses on equal rights and opportunities. Beginning in the early 1970s, it was the start of other organizations like the National Organization for Women, Women’s Equity Action League, etc. The women’s rights activist were the first strand, being the ones with the experience from previous organizations. While the women’s rights participants, were professional women.
Betty Friedan was one of the new leaders were she wrote, The Feminine Mystique, addressing the problems women face and not having equality. The younger strand, consisted of college students who organized skills for civil rights. They focused on the sexuality, motherhood, childcare and work. The Women’s Rights group were able to ban sex discrimination in public education areas(Title IX). One important case came around: In 1973, the Supreme Court had the case Roe v. Wade, where it established women the legal right to an abortion.
Many of the activist groups separated, but then came together and compromised. Later the movement began to slow down and some states didn’t approve abortion, but the feminist movement was successful because it was able to make social changes and the Gender Equity in Education Act was passed. The third wave consisted of the younger women, otherwise known as Generation X. The culture had changed drastically and the media was one of the concerns in this time, being the diverse