Aristotle’s separately in the parts of the work;

Aristotle’s Definition of Tragedy Aristotle is a Greek philosopher who was born in 384 BC in Greece.His father was a doctor to King Amyntas of Macedon. He enrolled Plato’s Academyin Athens as a student firstly, then as a teacher.

Thus, he has written aboutvarious subjects. One of his surviving works is Aristotle’s Poetics in literarycriticism. In this book, he defined what is called ”Tragedy”. This paperwill illustrate Aristotle’s definition of tragedy.Aristotle’s definition of tragedy translated by Ingram Bywater is  “A tragedy,then, is the imitation of an action that is serious and also, as havingmagnitude, complete in itself; in language with pleasurable accessories, eachkind brought in separately in the parts of the work; in a dramatic, not in anarrative form; with incidents arousing pity and fear, wherewith to accomplishits catharsis of such emotions.” Critics interpreted it word by word. Theword  “imitation” means “creativeimagination” as Potts says.

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From his perspective, it seems agreeablebecause “imitation” means copy, the copy means the device to say thesame thing but original, originality means the first one. ” An action thatis serious and also, as having magnitude, complete in itself;” means thatthe events describing serious and important issues.”Complete initself” means “a unity of life” and ” a unity ofhappening”. It seems a good interpreted because if we have importantissue, we will focus on it. However, that is the reason which made most protagonistof tragedies’ works die at the end. ” In language with pleasurable accessories”,Aristotle means that the language should be easy to read and listen, and itshould have a melody and rhythm. ” With incidents arousing pity and fear,wherewith to accomplish its catharsis of such emotions.

“, this describesthe tragedy’s function which is catharsis. Catharsis means that it releases ofemotion of fear and pity. Thispaper clarified the perspective of Aristotle of tragedy word by word, also the viewof another critic. We make the Aristotle’s definition of tragedy clear and easyto understand the classical (Greek) tragedy and its function.       


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