Animal also the same in Russia, leaving the

Animal Farm is an Allegorical novel written by George Orwell, that reflects on the events in Russia leading up to the Russian Revolution and the Communist Era of Soviet Union. Through the book he tells a story about Animals overthrowing their farm owner Mr. Jones and establishing a new government, one that is far more oppressive, totalitarian, and deadly than the one animals overthrew. The symbols such as animals overthrowing their farm owner to represent the Russian Revolution of 1917 and the 7 Commandments created by the animals as the rules of Communism are used cleverly to draw comparison to the Czarist and Communist Russia in the early 1900’s. The author creates a model of Russia using Manor farm and characters such as Old Major, Napoleon and Snowball to represent the influential figures of the Russian Revolution. Animal Farm classifies as an allegory because it describes the results of the Russian Revolution, the corruption of political ideals and human behavior represented through the characters in the Novel.  Every character in the book represents or symbolizes or a group in Communist Russia. Old Major is the animal version of Karl Marx who outline the principles of Animalism. The theory holding that all animals are equal and must revolt against their oppressors which symbolized the theory of communism. One of the main characters Napoleon is an allegory of Josef Stalin. Napoleon seems to be a good leader at first, but he is eventually overcome by power and greed. Stalin was also the same in Russia, leaving the ideals of communism behind and while giving himself power and living in luxury while the people of Russia suffered. The popularity of Stalin and Russia’s international status grew, but the living conditions of the people remained unchanged. In the book, Orwell writes a similar thing “somehow it seemed as though the farm had grown richer without making the animals themselves richer-except, of course, the pigs and the dogs.”(93) Napoleon in the book publicly eliminates his opponent snowball using the dogs he trained. Napoleon banishes snowball and changes the history to make snowball a public enemy. He uses propaganda to divert attention from the poor working and living conditions and animals start blaming all of the problems on Snowball “someone was certain to say that Snowball had come in the night and done it, and when the key of the store-shed was lost, the whole farm was convinced that Snowball had thrown it down the well.”(66 Orwell) The same was true in Russia, Stalin forced Trotsky to flee from Russia and took control of the nation with the help of his secret police. Orwell used the novel to portray the phenomenon that was not just limited to Russia, but to any autocratic government who have done similar things to benefit themselves by blaming an invisible enemy. The symbols used in the novel conveys the theme that no government can provide utopia. Symbols such as Napoleon show that no matter the rules put in place to achieve the perfect world, the people in authority, sooner or later will grow greedy and bend the rules to favor them and their lifestyle. Animal Farm is great example of an allegory of the Russian Revolution and the Communist Era that came after it. George Orwell created a symbol that paralleled the characters, the objects, the places and some of the events of the Russian revolution  


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