Introduction square feet of linen, which was then


            Mummies have been around for
thousands of years. Dry air and sand have mummified many of the deceased
hundreds of years before the Egyptians practiced preserving dead bodies on
purpose for their own religious beliefs.


              Ancient Egyptians believed they
needed to prepare the deceased for the afterworld.

believed if they preserve the body, the owner could reuse their body in the
afterlife. They put the internal organs in special jars so the dead could reuse
their internal organs in the afterworld.

Process of Mummification

                 You might think the Egyptians wrapped
the corpse with toilet paper, right?

that’s wrong. Ancient Egyptian mummification was very sophisticated. Only the
people who could afford it were mummified.

Step One:
The corpse was rinsed and washed

Step Two:
The internal organs were removed, which might decay rapidly, were put in
canopic jars, apart from the heart, which stayed in the body.

Step Three:
A type of salt with great drying properties called natron, was sprinkled onto
the corpse in order to remove all of the moisture from the body.

Four:  The body was stuffed with linen or
sawdust, in order to make the mummy look livelier, along with fake eyes.

Step Five:
The family of the deceased person gathered almost 40,000 square feet of linen,
which was then wrapped around the corpse. Embalmer added amulets in order to
protect the person in their journey to the afterlife.                                     Step Six:
At the funeral, priests used an instrument to “open” parts of the body to sense
the joy and happiness needed in the afterlife.

Step Seven:
The mummy was then carried to the tomb where they would put the body into a
coffin or sarcophagus. Chief embalmers would dress as Anubis, the god of
embalming and deceased, then bless the dead to aid them to the afterworld.

Canopic Jars

             The canopic jars stored all the
internal organs apart from the heart. The jars were made of either alabaster,
limestone, or calicite. There were four canopic jars used which each had the
shape of each of The Four Sons of Horus, who are funerary deities. The lids of
the jars were the shape of the four deities’ heads because ancient Egyptians
believed it was these gods’ jobs to protect the internal organs so the deceased
can use these organs again in the afterlife.

The jar with
the shape Duamutef’s head, the jackal, stored the stomach.

The jar with
the shape Qebehsenuef’s head, the falcon, stored the lower body’s organs.

The jar with
the shape of Hapi’s head, the monkey, stored the lungs.

The jar with
the shape of Inset’s head, the human, stored the liver.


              So, now you know how and why mummies
are made. They are very sophisticated and were made for religious reasons,
which is why I think Ancient Egyptian mummies are very interesting.


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