America was able to pry away from its mother country and become its own independent nation through a process known as the American Revolution. The colonies did this for a number of reasons, but the most notable cause for this rebellion were the various restrictions England had placed on them over matters of trade and mercantilism. Foreign relations had always been important to the colonies, but they were restricted to trading with only the mother country, only having contact with the mother country, and only receiving goods from the mother country. Following the revolution was a drastic change in foreign policy, foreign relations, immigration, and the international exchange of ideas and goods in the new nation that shaped it into what it is today.While there was foreign interaction with some other nations before the revolution these interactions were completely stopped with the French and Indian war. England saw the colonies as weak and responsible for the war, and forbid them from crossing over native land, as well as any trade with any other European nations. While the colonies were able to win independence, it still wasn’t enough to completely demonstrate the success of their own self government. After the revolutionary war, American foreign relations changed from wartime diplomacy and struggle to efforts to demonstrate to European skeptics that democracy was a viable form of government. After its victory, America’s foreign policy began focusing on not only keeping what it had won in the war, but also expanding along the continent as it had hoped to have done for generations. The first few years after the war seemed to confirm European criticisms of the very concept of democracy, and it was only with the War of 1812 that America got its first hold on being a powerful nation, and it’s professionalism and success led foreign powers to view America as a serious power to be reckoned with.Just like any other world power, the United States has had a long history with immigration, beginning with the it’s first Spanish settlers that “discovered” and settled the new world land in the sixteenth century, to England and France who joined in claiming the new World land in the seventeenth century the United States was always a place that was heavily migrated to. The largest of these mass migrations to the Americas occurred during the Atlantic slave trade, where African men and women were brought to the colonies against their wills due to a need for labor, “Before 1820, nearly 12 million people crossed the Atlantic from Europe and Africa to the Caribbean, North America, and South America. The overwhelming majority, more than 8 million, came against their will-in chains”(Beneficiaries of Catastrophe pg 5). Each new wave of immigration to the United States has met with some degree of hostility from the local people, who feared that immigrants would harm American society. Throughout the nineteenth century, Irish and German Catholics were not considered to be fully American in terms of culture or status Americans who termed themselves “nativists” and rejected all others. This sort of treatment was common during the height of “No Nothing Movement” in America, during which Catholic churches were often destroyed and priests were often attacked by Protestant mobs.Although there has always been this retort against incoming immigrants to the nation, it was only with the sharing of ideas and globalization of the Americas that it was able to become what it is today. This sharing of ideas began with the columbian exchange, where Europe, and the Americas would trade ideas, crops, animals, diseases, and technologies, and continued into the sharing of ideas that came from immigrating families. Arguably the most influential of these shared ideas that came from the old world was that of enlightenment. The Enlightenment was a seventeenth- and eighteenth-century international movement in ideas and sensibilities, emphasizing the exercise of critical reason as opposed to unthinking faithfulness to God without reason. It developed along with the rise of scientific thinking independent of religious thought and stressed the importance of nature and the natural order as a source of knowledge. The Enlightenment played important roles in the American Revolution, going against the wills and ideas of monarchical rulers of the time, who claiming that a ruler could not be elected by God, and should instead be elected by the people. This could be seen in the constitution, where colonists insisted they had certain natural inalienable rights, and “That to secure these these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from consent of the government–that whenever any forms of government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the right of the people to alter or abolish it, and to institute new government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them will seem most likely to affect their safety and happiness “(The Declaration of Independence: A Transcription page 1) While the United States were founded on ideas of enlightenment, those ideas put into a constitution is what allowed so many insurrections on the part of the people, from fights on immigration and foreign policies, to even becoming the basis for the right of states to break away at the start of the civil war.