Amber may be useful to take different approaches

Amber PfennigMrs. O’SullivanEnglish 225 January 2018Child Education         Over the past years, observers have made studies that have emphasized on the different changes and lack of changes relating to the children’s education. Child education is in need of reform because of behavioral problems, poverty, and the lack of funding. If certain changes are made in educational programs there will be a possibility of a more positive impact on a child’s future. The children that are being taught today will be the older generation soon. Each child’s education is important and needs different attention, but with reform these children will be guaranteed a potential for an even brighter future.         A great place to start reforming children’s education is to start handling behavioral problems in classrooms. Some would say behavioral issues in school and outside of educational programs have increased since past generations. With new generations it may be useful to take different approaches with dealing with a different generation of kids. This is not blaming the teachers for behavioral issues, but to hopefully help with these problems. Helping teachers to avoid these events, can help the activity going on inside the classroom. It has been said that if strategies are learned then it is possible to make certain the lesson plan is fully covered and students are getting individual attention (The Room241 Team). There have been theories of different strategies to help with behavioral problems before an occurrence happens and in-the-moment scenarios. To help with these behavioral problems it is important to try to prevent them. Each situation and child is different, but the best strategy for dealing with this environment is to learn methods that will prevent a behavioral issue from happening (The Room 241 Team). When in an environment where a behavioral problem may occur, it is suggested to increase the supervision. This can be applied when there are problems with group work or have noticed a pattern of issues  during a certain time period. Another strategy is to not overload the children with too much work, but to only give them what they can handle. In addition, give students options with their education. The Room 241 provides an example such as letting students choose a project that they would prefer to work on instead of having them focus on one project. A last strategy for preventing issues, is to ensure kids that there is help around them. The next strategies being discussed are to use for when a behavioral issue is in the present. Four suggested techniques for handling these situations is to apologize, ignore, reduce privilege access, and to praise. Apologies help conflicts with students on both ends of the parties, whether it be the culprit or the target. If a teacher is to ignore a students certain behavior, in some situations, it shows that the teacher does not reward the behavior being demonstrated. Next, reducing privilege access for children exhibiting behavioral problems also helps the persuasion of recklessness. An example may be if a child is misbehaving and not doing work in class, then the teacher can take away a privilege, such as free time or talking with friends. Lastly, it is always important to praise students when they are behaving correctly. Praising teaches children for them to get attention they must act in a mannerly behavior (The Room 241). Another reason there is a need of reform is because of the lack of funding. It is evident that schools across the United States are funded unfairly and unproportionally. Close to half of the funding for America schools are funded by local taxes, which causes the funding differences between the rich and impoverished communities (Biddle and Berliner). It is obvious that the lower class community schools will not have as many luxuries as the higher class schools are given. One study has shown that the teachers with higher education is drawn closer to the schools with higher funding (Biddle).  “Unequal School Funding in the United States”, also claims that students from high socioeconomic-status homes achieve more academically. However, the most likley only way to change the unfair funding is to bring upon changes in federal policies. The next reasoning for child education to be reformed is because of poverty. In the time period we live in today, we are separated into factions whether we we see it or not. People are placed into income classes based on environmental effects, which as a child can affect their education. According to “How Poverty Affects Classroom Engagement”, there are seven differences between a child dealing with poverty and children in these other income classes. With helping to reform education for these kids, it helps to understand the differences and what can be done about them. Eric Jenson listed these seven differences between the high-income students and low-income students: health and nutrition, vocabulary, effort, hope and growth mind-set, cognition, relationships, and distress. The health and nutrition of some poor people and middle-classed people have shown to be different. Some people that are living without the money that is needed may not get the medical attention, prescriptions, and diagnoses that they may need. Unfortunately in this case there has been a study done by two neuroscientists that have shown a correlation between health and intelligence (Eric Jensen). This can be disheartening considering lower income students may not get treated for their illnesses, which can affect their learning experiences. Lucky for all schools, there is one way to help this situation that will cost the school nothing. The two primary foods for the brain is oxygen and glucose. Providing students with recess, physical activity, and a chance to take a breather to increase their oxygenation will help them gain more oxygen and sugar for their brain. With these proper levels of glucose, it can help students inside the classroom help them get a stronger memory and cognitive function (Jensen). In addition, the vocabulary level of students from a poorer family may not be at a level it has the potential to be. According to “How Poverty Affects Classroom Engagement”, involving vocabulary inside and outside of the classroom helps all students with representing, manipulating, and reframing information. It has been shown that children in upper-income families hear three times as much words as a lower-income child hears each day. Vocabulary is very important to help improve their intelligence, but to also help them engage with the class. Eric Jensen, provided fun but also educational ways for vocabulary to be placed into classrooms. He has suggested activities with note cards, students quizzing each other, and hiding the vocabulary word in the lesson.  With the activity using a daily vocabulary word in the lesson, for the student that recognizes it and points it out first can be rewarded a simple privilege. Children may experience different levels of vocabulary at home, but with the help of incorporating it each day can help all children’s education. Attempting to reform child education can deal with more than just education, but it can also reform the relationships between students and teachers. Children do not inherit a mind-set for education or a mind-set to put in an effort towards these educational programs. With the reformation of education, teachers can help provide students with the motivation that is needed to get students engaged into education. Eric Jensen’s article provides several steps for teachers to use on students. First, is to strengthen the relationships and find a way to connect with each other. Second, is to connect the students outside world inside of the classroom; such as money, shopping , or even family members. If students can not make the connection between their world and their education there is a chance the student will begin to slip into giving up (Jensen). Continuing ways for teachers to help students become engaged is to ,thirdly, be positive. Giving students positive feedback can help students be more optimistic about education. Jensen said, “when affirmed, challenged, and encouraged, students work harder” (How Poverty Affects Classroom Engagement).The purpose of reforming child education is to improve of where it is at now. This working hard attitude will ensure the visible growth of beneficial effects in many schools.  A fourth strategy, is to make students set personal goals for themselves. Setting high goals will make them work hard and experience success in tough situations. Lastly, a fifth growing relationship method is for teachers to give students feedback. Jensen did say that if students are informed on what people see good in them, then greater success can be seen. These reformation suggestions and strategies are not things that are said to maybe work, but instead there have been stories told of them working efficiently. Such as the story of Smokey Road Middle School in Newnan, Georgia being reformed by a new principal known as Dr. Laurie Barron. In the book “Creative Schools: The Grassroots Revolution That’s Transforming Education”, Barron initially describes the school having the lowest academic achievements, highest number of absences, highest number of discipline referrals, the highest number of charges filed to the juvenile justice system, and the highest number of students placed in alternative education systems. Her story of reforming this middle school is incredible and she summarizes her reformation down to four steps. Principal Barron listed her steps as it follows; first to increase the attendance at school, second was to make students feel safe, third was for students to value one another, and lastly she sought to teach the appropriate curriculum for the students future. She implied that the “curriculum was important, but only once the other objectives were put into place” and this “was true with evaluating her teachers” (Creative Schools). Thanks to Barron’s work Smokey Road Middle School was later named a Georgia Title I Distinguished School and a 2011 MetLife Foundation-NASSP Breakthrough School for being high achieving while also serving a large number of students living in poverty (Creative Schools).  Her story is evidence that reforming a relationship beyond the means of education can put an impact on the lives of the children. Education is an important part in every child’s life. Not only is education important to children, but it is also important to teenagers and ages older. Sir Ken Robinson quotes a Psychologist saying, “Everyone has a story, everyone has a struggle, and everyone needs help along the way.” Policies of the schools today may have worked in past generations, but there is a call for reform for today. Humanizing and making school personal for each student is important to a step closer of reformation (Robinson). Overall, the reform for child education is urgent because of behavioral problems, poverty, and the lack of funding.

Amber PfennigMrs. O’SullivanEnglish 225 January 2018Child Education         Over the past years, observers have made studies that have emphasized on the different changes and lack of changes relating to the children’s education. Child education is in need of reform because of behavioral problems, poverty, and the lack of funding. If certain changes are made in educational programs there will be a possibility of a more positive impact on a child’s future. The children that are being taught today will be the older generation soon. Each child’s education is important and needs different attention, but with reform these children will be guaranteed a potential for an even brighter future.         A great place to start reforming children’s education is to start handling behavioral problems in classrooms. Some would say behavioral issues in school and outside of educational programs have increased since past generations. With new generations it may be useful to take different approaches with dealing with a different generation of kids. This is not blaming the teachers for behavioral issues, but to hopefully help with these problems. Helping teachers to avoid these events, can help the activity going on inside the classroom. It has been said that if strategies are learned then it is possible to make certain the lesson plan is fully covered and students are getting individual attention (The Room241 Team). There have been theories of different strategies to help with behavioral problems before an occurrence happens and in-the-moment scenarios. To help with these behavioral problems it is important to try to prevent them. Each situation and child is different, but the best strategy for dealing with this environment is to learn methods that will prevent a behavioral issue from happening (The Room 241 Team). When in an environment where a behavioral problem may occur, it is suggested to increase the supervision. This can be applied when there are problems with group work or have noticed a pattern of issues  during a certain time period. Another strategy is to not overload the children with too much work, but to only give them what they can handle. In addition, give students options with their education. The Room 241 provides an example such as letting students choose a project that they would prefer to work on instead of having them focus on one project. A last strategy for preventing issues, is to ensure kids that there is help around them. The next strategies being discussed are to use for when a behavioral issue is in the present. Four suggested techniques for handling these situations is to apologize, ignore, reduce privilege access, and to praise. Apologies help conflicts with students on both ends of the parties, whether it be the culprit or the target. If a teacher is to ignore a students certain behavior, in some situations, it shows that the teacher does not reward the behavior being demonstrated. Next, reducing privilege access for children exhibiting behavioral problems also helps the persuasion of recklessness. An example may be if a child is misbehaving and not doing work in class, then the teacher can take away a privilege, such as free time or talking with friends. Lastly, it is always important to praise students when they are behaving correctly. Praising teaches children for them to get attention they must act in a mannerly behavior (The Room 241). Another reason there is a need of reform is because of the lack of funding. It is evident that schools across the United States are funded unfairly and unproportionally. Close to half of the funding for America schools are funded by local taxes, which causes the funding differences between the rich and impoverished communities (Biddle and Berliner). It is obvious that the lower class community schools will not have as many luxuries as the higher class schools are given. One study has shown that the teachers with higher education is drawn closer to the schools with higher funding (Biddle).  “Unequal School Funding in the United States”, also claims that students from high socioeconomic-status homes achieve more academically. However, the most likley only way to change the unfair funding is to bring upon changes in federal policies. The next reasoning for child education to be reformed is because of poverty. In the time period we live in today, we are separated into factions whether we we see it or not. People are placed into income classes based on environmental effects, which as a child can affect their education. According to “How Poverty Affects Classroom Engagement”, there are seven differences between a child dealing with poverty and children in these other income classes. With helping to reform education for these kids, it helps to understand the differences and what can be done about them. Eric Jenson listed these seven differences between the high-income students and low-income students: health and nutrition, vocabulary, effort, hope and growth mind-set, cognition, relationships, and distress. The health and nutrition of some poor people and middle-classed people have shown to be different. Some people that are living without the money that is needed may not get the medical attention, prescriptions, and diagnoses that they may need. Unfortunately in this case there has been a study done by two neuroscientists that have shown a correlation between health and intelligence (Eric Jensen). This can be disheartening considering lower income students may not get treated for their illnesses, which can affect their learning experiences. Lucky for all schools, there is one way to help this situation that will cost the school nothing. The two primary foods for the brain is oxygen and glucose. Providing students with recess, physical activity, and a chance to take a breather to increase their oxygenation will help them gain more oxygen and sugar for their brain. With these proper levels of glucose, it can help students inside the classroom help them get a stronger memory and cognitive function (Jensen). In addition, the vocabulary level of students from a poorer family may not be at a level it has the potential to be. According to “How Poverty Affects Classroom Engagement”, involving vocabulary inside and outside of the classroom helps all students with representing, manipulating, and reframing information. It has been shown that children in upper-income families hear three times as much words as a lower-income child hears each day. Vocabulary is very important to help improve their intelligence, but to also help them engage with the class. Eric Jensen, provided fun but also educational ways for vocabulary to be placed into classrooms. He has suggested activities with note cards, students quizzing each other, and hiding the vocabulary word in the lesson.  With the activity using a daily vocabulary word in the lesson, for the student that recognizes it and points it out first can be rewarded a simple privilege. Children may experience different levels of vocabulary at home, but with the help of incorporating it each day can help all children’s education. Attempting to reform child education can deal with more than just education, but it can also reform the relationships between students and teachers. Children do not inherit a mind-set for education or a mind-set to put in an effort towards these educational programs. With the reformation of education, teachers can help provide students with the motivation that is needed to get students engaged into education. Eric Jensen’s article provides several steps for teachers to use on students. First, is to strengthen the relationships and find a way to connect with each other. Second, is to connect the students outside world inside of the classroom; such as money, shopping , or even family members. If students can not make the connection between their world and their education there is a chance the student will begin to slip into giving up (Jensen). Continuing ways for teachers to help students become engaged is to ,thirdly, be positive. Giving students positive feedback can help students be more optimistic about education. Jensen said, “when affirmed, challenged, and encouraged, students work harder” (How Poverty Affects Classroom Engagement).The purpose of reforming child education is to improve of where it is at now. This working hard attitude will ensure the visible growth of beneficial effects in many schools.  A fourth strategy, is to make students set personal goals for themselves. Setting high goals will make them work hard and experience success in tough situations. Lastly, a fifth growing relationship method is for teachers to give students feedback. Jensen did say that if students are informed on what people see good in them, then greater success can be seen. These reformation suggestions and strategies are not things that are said to maybe work, but instead there have been stories told of them working efficiently. Such as the story of Smokey Road Middle School in Newnan, Georgia being reformed by a new principal known as Dr. Laurie Barron. In the book “Creative Schools: The Grassroots Revolution That’s Transforming Education”, Barron initially describes the school having the lowest academic achievements, highest number of absences, highest number of discipline referrals, the highest number of charges filed to the juvenile justice system, and the highest number of students placed in alternative education systems. Her story of reforming this middle school is incredible and she summarizes her reformation down to four steps. Principal Barron listed her steps as it follows; first to increase the attendance at school, second was to make students feel safe, third was for students to value one another, and lastly she sought to teach the appropriate curriculum for the students future. She implied that the “curriculum was important, but only once the other objectives were put into place” and this “was true with evaluating her teachers” (Creative Schools). Thanks to Barron’s work Smokey Road Middle School was later named a Georgia Title I Distinguished School and a 2011 MetLife Foundation-NASSP Breakthrough School for being high achieving while also serving a large number of students living in poverty (Creative Schools).  Her story is evidence that reforming a relationship beyond the means of education can put an impact on the lives of the children. Education is an important part in every child’s life. Not only is education important to children, but it is also important to teenagers and ages older. Sir Ken Robinson quotes a Psychologist saying, “Everyone has a story, everyone has a struggle, and everyone needs help along the way.” Policies of the schools today may have worked in past generations, but there is a call for reform for today. Humanizing and making school personal for each student is important to a step closer of reformation (Robinson). Overall, the reform for child education is urgent because of behavioral problems, poverty, and the lack of funding.

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